Coat Of Arms

Kalsia

Information

Dynasty

State

Kalsia

Time Period

1760-1948

Hindi Name

कलसिया

History

After the defeat of Zain Khan, the last Muhammadan Governor of Sirhind, by the joint forces of the several misldars, Sardar Gurbaksh Singh, a Sandhu jat of Kalsia (a village in Kasur Tahsil of Lahore District, now in Pakistan) of the Karora Singhia Misl, occupied a large number of villages of the Parganas of Chhachhrauli in Ambala District, Dera Bassi in Patiala District and Chirak in Faridkot District in 1763. Gurbaksh Singh named the state “Kalsia” and Chhachhrauli became its capital city. Gurbaksh Singh was not famous, but his successor and son, Jodh Singh was an able person. At that time the area of Kalsia state comprised the territory between the Yamuna and the Markanda stream. Jodh Singh captured Dera Basi from Sardar Khajan Singh and also acquired territories of Lohal and Achrak. When Maharaja Ranjit Singh attacked and occupied Naraingarh in the Shivaliks in 1807, Jodh Singh was with him. In recognition of his services, Ranjit Singh presented him territories of Badala, Kameri and Chhabbal. Jodh Singh died in Multan in 1818. After his death, his son Sobha Singh assumed charge of Kalsia state and held it until his death in 1858. Lahna Singh, his successor sided with the British in crushing the revolt of 1857.

After 1858, a period of peace started. When Lahna Singh assumed power, the Kalsia territory was intact as a British protectorate. The state’s annual income was nearly Rs 300,000 per annum, and the population was around 62,000. After Lahna Singh, came Ranjit Singh Kalsia, then his son Ravi Sher Singh, and finally Ravi Karan Singh. Ravisher Singh in 1916 gave himself the title of ‘Raja’. The Kalsia rajas held their state until 1947, when it was merged with the Indian Union. Both Ranjit Singh Kalsia and Ravi Sher Singh built several public utility buildings, including a charity hospital and schools. Raja Ravi Sher Kalsia Hospital was inaugurated in 1910 by Lt Governor of the Punjab, Sir Luis William Daney. The old court building still exists at Chhachhrauli. The dewan of the state used to live in a impressive building known as ‘Janak Niwas’. Raja Ravi Sher Singh Kalsia was the last ruler prior to Independence,When Wright Brothers invented an aeroplane in 1903, one could hardly imagine that an Indian king will fly his own aircraft within two decades.He was the first king in India who purchased his own aircraft and flew it at a speed of 100 mph. He was a conscientious pilot. He trained himself at the National Flying Services Club at Hanworth, England. Back home, he was the first ‘royal’ to be trained by the Delhi Flying Club in 1930. It is interesting to note one of the instances when Raja Ravi Sher Singh, in response to whether he would arrive by car or by train to attend a meeting of the Chamber of Princes in New Delhi in March 1931, entered, ‘own aeroplane’ in the form that detailed his travel plan and arrangement thereof. He acquired a DH-60 M Moth, named Rio Rata plane, which he later sold to Raja Umaid Singh of Jodhpur. He indulged in his passion for flying by procuring another aircraft, a DH 80A Puss Moth, initially registered to Tata Sons, in June 1931. Unfortunately, a friend crashed and wrecked the aircraft in June 1935.

Genealogy

  • Sardar GURBAKSH SINGH 1763/1785, a member of the Karora-Singhia misl and commander of troops, he conquered the state of Chhachrauli; it was named Kalsia after his birth village and Chhachrauli became its capital; he captured Bambeli parganah in Hoshiarpur district and amassed considerable wealth; married and had issue. He died 1783.
  • Sardar JODH SINGH (qv)
  • Sardar JODH SINGH 1785/1818, born 1751, a man of great ability, he greatly extended the area of the estate, he captured Dehra Bassi from Sardar Khajan Singh and also acquired the territories of Lohal and Achrak. Maharaja Ranjit Singh presented him with territories of Badala, Kameri and Chhabbal in recognition of his service; married and had issue. He died 1818 of his wounds received in battle at Multan.
    • Sardar SOBHA SINGH (qv)
    • Sardar Hari Singh, married Sardarni Karm Kaur, daughter of Maharaja Sahib Singh of Patiala, and had issue. He died 1816.
    • Sardar Dewa Singh, married and had issue. He died 1837.
    • Sardar Umrao Singh, died 1844.
    • Sardar Karam Singh
  • Sardar SOBHA SINGH 1818/1858, after the annexation of the Punjab in 1849, the Sardar was granted a number of privileges denied to other chiefs in the Punjab; he married and had issue, two sons. He died 1858.
    • Sardar LAHNA SINGH (qv)
    • Sardar Man Singh, was married had issues with two sons, he died in 1890 :-
      • Sardar Jagjit Singh (d.1926),was married had issue with one son :-
        • Kunwar Sapuran Singh (b.1923)
      • Sardar Rajinder Singh , was born in 1881, was married had issue with one son :-
        • Kunwar Gurbachan Singh, was born in 1881, was married had issue with one son, he died in 1935 :-
          • Kunwar Brijendra Singh (b.1935)
  • Sardar LAHNA SINGH 1858/1869, he fully supported the British in Delhi in crushing the revolt of 1857, as a result, that in 1858, when he assumed power, the Kalsia was intact as a British protectorate. He died 1869.
  • Sardar BISHEN SINGH 1869/1883, born 1854, married April 1865, the daughter of Raja RAGHUBIR SINGH of Jind, and had issue. He died 1883.
    • Sardar JAGJIT SINGH (qv) Married and had issues* with one son and daughter.
    • Sardar RANJIT SINGH Sahib Bahadur (qv)
    • Bibiji (name unknown) Kaur, married Sardar Balwant Singh of Atari.
  • RAJA Shri RANJIT SINGH Sahib Bahadur, Raja Sahib of Kalsia 1886/1908, born 1881, he succeeded to the gadi as a minor on 28th August 1886 (#1), he built several public utility buildings, including a charity hospital and schools; married Bibiji Ranbir Kaur [Rani Sahiba of Kalsia], daughter of Tikka Sahib Balbir Singh Bahadur of Jind, and had issue. He died in July 1908.
    • Raja RAVI SHER SINGH (qv)
    • Bibiji Rajan Kaur, married Kumar Shri Ghanshyamsinhji Daulatsinhji, son of HH Thakore Sahib Shri Sir Daulatsinhji Jashwantsinhji of Limbdi.
  • Raja RAVI SHER SINGH Sahib Bahadur 1908/1947, born 30th October 1902 and succeeded 25th July 1908, Investiture held 6th April 1922, Raja [cr.1916], educated at Aitchison Chiefs' College, Lahore; Member of the Chamber of Princes; a man of exemplary qualities and a popular ruler amongst his subjects, he constructed a number of buildings including the Raja Ravi Sher Kalsia Hospital in 1910; he also composed a number of poems; married 16th February 1925, Rani Bibi Amrit Kaur, daughter of HH Maharaja RIPUDAMAN SINGH Malvinder Bahadur of Nabha, and his first wife, HH Maharani Bibi Jagdhish Kaur, and had issue. He died 4th January 1947.
    • Rajkumar Janak Sher Singh, born 25th May 1931, overlooked in the succession due to ill health..
    • Raja KARAN SHER SINGH Sahib Bahadur (qv)
    • Rajkumar Raghu Sher Singh, married and had issue, two sons.
      • Kunwar Udai Sher Singh
      • Kunwar Pavan Sher Singh, married Kunwarani Nirmala Nathan Singh, and has issue, two sons.
        • Kunwar Zorawar Sher Singh of Kalsia
        • Kunwar Zubair Sher Singh of Kalsia
    • Rajkumar Shiv Sher Singh, married and has issue, one son and one daughter.
      • Kunwar Ishan Singh Kalsia
      • Bibiji Tuhina Kalsia
  • Raja KARAN SHER SINGH Sahib Bahadur, 9th Raja Sahib of Kalsia 1947/1961, born 1933, married and had issue. He died 19th January 1961.
    • Raja Himmat Sher Singh Sahib Bahadur (qv)
    • Rajkumar Bharat Sher Singh, was married ,had issues with two daughters
      • Bibiji Anam Kaur Kalsia
      • Bibiji Nyela Kalsia
  • Raja HIMMAT SHER SINGH Sahib Bahadur, 10th Raja Sahib of Kalsia, was married to english girl Rani Christine Pimbleton, had issues with one son and daughter -
    • Rajkumar Harry Singh Kalsia
    • Anjoulie Kalsia.
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