Chamunda Devi and Ganga Devi


Laxman Dev

Ishta Deva

Sinsina Baba/Sursain Maharaj




The name Sinsinwar literally mean ‘sons of Sinsini/Surseni’. The Sinsinwar clan trace their origin Maharaj Shursain of Vrishni clan. Vrishni was a clan of the ancient Yadu tribe. The Ancient Vrishni clan founded the kingdom of Suirsani in the Braj region. They abandoned the Braj region due to the frequent raids of Jarasanda( the King of Magadha) and under the leadership of Krishna migrated to the city of Dwarka(located on the Saurashtra coast). When the city of Dwarka submerged in the sea, a group of Vrishnis migrated to the Lower Sindh Valley. By the 3rd century A. D, the Vrishni made themselves master of a tract of country around Ludhiana,Punjab(several Vrishni coins dating to that era are discovered from Sunet, Ludhiana). During the 9th century this group resettled in the Braj region and made Bayana their headquarters. The Ghaznavid attacked and conquered the Bayana fort in the 11th century. The surviving Vrishnis settled at Usrani(32.5 km northwest of Bharatpur). Under the leadership of Sua/Sobhu Thakur, they defeated the Kalals(or Chandars) and annexed their land. Sobhu Thakur established the temple of Sursain/Sinsina(his ancestor) in the newly conquered territory and the estate came to be known as Surseni/Sinsini(25.9 km northwest of Bharatpur). During,the 14th and 15th century the clan expanded in the Kated region and several Sinsinwar warriors founded new estates chief among them were Kasot, Awar, Raesees and Jharsuli. In the of 17th century the Sinsinwars started to rebel against the Mughal Empire and increased there patrimony. The house of Raesees captured the paragana of Nadbai, Thakur Alia of Awar took control of Helak and adjoining parganas.

In the 1670s, Thakur Braj Raj of Sinsini conquered the pargana of Au and founded the independent principality of Sinsini. He perished in the year 1681, defending the fort of Sinsini against the Mughal army , he was succeeded by his nephew Raja Ram. Raja Ram reconquered Sinsini and Au in the year 1682. He defeated several celebrated Mughal commanders including Nawab Zafar Jang Kokaltash(Uncle of Aurangjeb) , Mir Ibrahmin/Mahabat Khan,Saista Khan(Governor of Agra) and Bidar Bhakt(Grandson of Aurangjeb) , and conquered several districts, eventually bringing end to Mughal rule in a large portion of the province of Agra. Raja Ram met his end at the battlefield of Bijal in the 4th of July, 1688. He was succeeded by his elder son Zorawar Singh , who was captured by the Mughal army after the Siege of Sinsini(January 1690) . He refused to comply with the Mughal demands and was killed in a brutal fashion by his captors. Zorawar Singh was succeeded by his younger brother Fateh Singh. Fateh Singh was brave but a man of mediocre ability. He kept the struggle against the Mughal Empire alive until finally abducting the throne in favour of Churaman(a grandson of Braj Raj) and received the the jagir of Ajau instead. Rao Churaman was a man of extraordinary ability he made the fort of Thun the new capital and was successful in reconquering Sinsini(1705). He enlarged his territories and also nominally allied himself with the Mughal Emperor. Several important Sinsinwar chiefs emerged during this time , Thakur Gaj Singh founded the Garoo jagir, Thakur Gopal Singh established the large estate of Dahra, Thakur Atiram Singh established himself at Halena and took control of 250 villages including the town of Bhusawar , Aniram and his brother Rup Singh established their supremacy over the parganas of Kumher, Deeg and parts of Sahar. Soon, Rao Churaman became the de facto ruler of the country between the city of Delhi and the river Chambal. He died in the year 1721,after swallowing a dose of poison. He was succeeded by his eldest son Mukham Singh.

Raja Mukham Singh was very unpopular among the Sinsinwars, he was challenged by his causin Badan Singh of Deeg. Badan Singh made an alliance with the Mughal authority and was finally able to defeat Mukham Singh in 1721(Siege of Thun) . He was crowned the next king and laid the foundation of the what would came to be known as the kingdom of Bharatpur. 18 sons survived Badan Singh. 16 of them were given 16 forts and adjoining villages in jagir , their descendants are still to this this date known as the ‘Kotariband Thakurs’. The youngest Pratap Singh was given the the title of ‘Raja’ and the semi independent kingdom of Weir. It was around this time that Shardul Singh (one of the sons of Thakur Atiram of Halena) took control of Pathena jagir and established the Pathena house. Badan Singh was succeeded on the throne by his eldest son Sujan Singh who is most popularly known as Maharaja Surajmal. He was a man of extraordinary ability and under him the Sinsinwars saw their golden days. His kingdom included Eastern Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi and Western Uttar Pradesh. He was one of the greatest rulers of his time. Suraj Mal was mortally wounded during a skirmish with the Mughal forces near Shahadara. He was succeeded by his son Jawahar Singh. Maharaja Jawahar Singh expanded the territory and captured territory as far as Kalpi in the east and Bhiwani in the west. He was assassinated near Agra. He was shortly followed by Maharaja Ratan Singh who was then followed his minor son Maharaja Kehri Singh. A civil war took place for the regency of the minor king, taking advantage of which the Mughals and Maratha both invaded the Bharatpur kingdom and reduced it to it lowest. Kehri Singh died of an unknown disease and was followed by Ranjit Singh who was then the only surviving son of Maharaja Surajmal. Maharaja Ranjit Singh was able to take reconquer of some of the lands held by his father. In the year 1805, the Britishers under Lord Lake attacked Bharatpur, however they were defeated. A peace treaty was finally signed between the kingdom of Bharatpur and the Britishers after the war. Bharatpur became a princely state of the British Empire and the Sinsinwar Dynasty ruled over it till independence.


  • Thakur Sua/Sobhu ,defeated the Kalals/Chandars and founded Sinsini over their land, established Sinsina/Sursain temple at Sinsini married Devsani and became originator of Sinsinwar Dynasty of Sinsini, had issue a son(Surad)
  • Thakur Surad(Raja Ram I/Ramji), Thakur of Sinsini, married and had issue(see below)
  • Thakur Lakhansingh, Thakur of Sinsini, married and had issue a son(see below)
  • Thakur Harishchandra, Thakur of Sinsini, married and had issue,
    • Thakur Shri Suraj Singh (see below)
    • Thakur Shri Biraj, Thakur of Kasot, founded the estate of Kasot, married and had issues,
      • Thakur Shri Gajraj, Thakur of Kasot, married and had issues, (Thakurs of Kasot) (see Kasot)
      • Thakur Shri Indraraj, Thakur of Awar , founded the estate of Awar, married and had issues, the Awaria sept of Sinsinwar clan(see Dahra)
      • Thakur Raisi Singh, Thakur of Raesees, founded the estate of Raesees.(married and had issues, (Thakurs of Raesees) (see Raesees)
      • Thakur Bhao Singh, Thakur of Usrani, founded the estate of Usrani
      • Thakur Shri Mohchand, Thakur of Moroli
      • Thakur Shri Kehchandra, Thakur of Sutari
      • Kunwar Shri Arjun(descendants founded Khumher)
  • Thakur Shri Suraj Singh (Suraje),Thakur of Sinsini, married and had issues,
    • Thakur Shri Dhandhapala of Sinsini(see below)
    • Kumwar Shri Dharmapala
  • Thakur Shri Dhandhapala of Sinsini,
    • Thakur Shri Bhima Singh(see below)
  • Thakur Shri Bhima Singh, Thakur of Sinsini, married and had issue
    • Thakur Shri Malu Singh (see below)
    • Thakur Shri Vijay Singh of Paingor
    • Thakur Shri Raiser of Gadoli
    • Thakur Shri Anai Singh of Takha
    • Kunwar Shri Samhar left descendant(Thok Samhar of Sinsini)
    • Thakur Shri Pohker of Gatholi
    • Thakur Shri Udai Singh of Panwada
    • Kunwar Shri Sober
    • Kunwar Shri Muktisar
  • Thakur Shri Malusingh, Thakur of Sinsini, married and had issues,
    • Thakur Shri Bhima Singh II(see below)
    • Thakur Shri??? , left issue(shareholder in Paingor )
  • Thakur Shri Bhima Singh II, Thakur of Sinsini, married and had issues,
    • Thakur Shri Bhoj Singh of Sinsini(see below)
    • Kunwar Shri Karamsar
  • Thakur Shri Bhoj Singh (Bhajja) of Sinsini
    • Thakur Shri Kamadeva(see below)
    • Thakur Shri Ramadeva, Thakur of Khohri
    • Kunwar Shri Gangdeva
  • Thakur Shri Kamadeva, Thakur of Sinsini, married and had issues,
    • Thakur Shri Bhure Singh of Sinsini(see below)
    • Thakur Shri Sur Singh of Ashtawan
  • Thakur Shri Bhure Singh of Sinsini, Thakur of Sinsini, married and had issues,
    • Thakur Shri Rauria Singh of Sinsini, (see below)
    • Kunwar Shri Achpal
    • Kunwar Shri Hanuwant
    • Kunwar Shri Puran
    • Thakur Shri Nahar Singh of Nahroli
  • Thakur Shri Rauria Singh, Thakur of Sinsini,married and had issues
    • Thakur Madhu Singh of Sinsini(see below)
    • Thakur Shri Uday Singh(Singha), Thakur of Garh Ghirsa, crossed the Yamuna river and founded the stronghold of Ghirsa, joined the Ram Dal and rebelled against the Mughal Empire, captured by the imperial forces after the Siege of Tilpat(1669), executed at Agra Kotwali on 1st Jan, 1670,left no issue
    • Kunwar Shri Rati Singh
    • Kunwar Shri Range
  • Thakur Shri Madusingh, Thakur of Sinsini, succeeded his father Rauri Singh as the Thakur of Sinsini, joined the Ram Dal and rebelled against the Mughal Empire, remembered as ‘Shahi ko Ursal'(thorn in the chest of Shahjahan),fell fighting against forces of Mirza Raja Jai Singh of Amber near Mahawan in 1651, married and had issue
    • Thakur Shri Sindhraj of Sinsini(see below)
    • Thakur Shri Kanhardeva /Gokula of Tilpat, Thakur of Tilpat, lead the Ram Dal against the Mughal Empire, killed Fauzdar Nawab Abun Nabi Khan at the Battle of Sihora(16, May, 1666), he plundered the pargana of Sadabad and other parts of Doab, was captured at the Battle of Tilpat(1690) by Emperor Auragjeb, executed at Agra Kotwali on 1st January 1670.left no issue
    • Kunwar Shri Bamman Singh
    • Kunwar Shri Jamman Singh
  • Thakur Shri Sindhraj of Sinsini, Thakur of Sinsini, rebelled with his father against the Mughal Empire, d. at the Battle of Sinsini(1652), married and had issues,
    • Thakur Shri Prithiviraj
    • Thakur Shri Gangu of Gangawana
    • Kunwar Shri Bhojraj
  • Thakur Shri Prithviraj, Thakur of Sinsini, married and had issues
    • Thakur Shri Makan Singh of Sinsini(see below)
    • Kunwar Shri Hasan Singh
    • Kunwar Shri Jamal Singh
    • Kunwar Shri Dhirmi
    • Kunwar Shri Pratap Singh
  • Thakur Shri Makan Singh , Thakur of Sinsini, married and had issue
    • Thakur Shri Khan Chand of Sinsini
  • Thakur Shri Khan Chand, zamindar of Sinsini, rebelled against the Mughal Empire and became a leading member of the Ram Dal, married and had issues, 4 sons
    • Thakur Brajraj(see below)
    • Kunwar Jujhar Singh(Jujha) stayed at Sinsini, served his brother Thakur Brajraj of Sinsini, married and had issues.
      • Kunwar Peju Singh, stayed at Sinsini, married and had issues (Peju Thok of Sinsini).
      • Thakur Shri Bhajan Singh, Thakur of Hingoli, founded the estate of Hingoli, had issues.
    • Kunwar Jain Singh stayed at Sinsini, served his brother Thakur Brajraj of Sinsini, married and had issues,
      • Thakur Shri Tundal Singh, Thakur of Gangar Soli, founded the estate of Gangar Soli, had issues.
      • Kunwar Giasi Singh, stayed at Sinsini, married and left issue(Giasi Thok of Sinsini).
    • Kunwar Bhagwant Singh(Bhajja) , stayed at Sinsini, served his brother Thakur Brajraj of Sinsini, married and had issues.(see Ajau)
  • Thakur Shri Brajraj/Bhunta (16??-1682),zamindar of Sinsini, revolted against the Mughal Empire ,and joined the Ram Dal in 1670s , conquered the pargana of Au in 1677, and established the independent principality of Sinsini, took the title of ‘Braj Raj', perished fighting Mughal forces at the Siege of Sinsini(1682), married 1stly with Indra Kaur, of Chahar clan, daughter of Chaudhary Bhagram Singh of Akola and 2ndly with Amrit Kaur, of Bisayati/Bains clan,daughter of Chaudhary Chandrasen of Chiksana, left issues,
    • Kunwar Gaj Sngh, son of Thakurani Indra Kaur, left no descendant.
    • Kunwar Budh Singh, son of Thakurani Amit Kaur, married and had issues.
    • Rao Shri Churaman Singhji Bahadur(16??-1721),ruler of Thun, son of Thakurani Amrit Kaur, selected as the head of the Sinsinwar clan in the year 1696 after his nephew Fateh Singh relinquished his rights, made Thun his capital and became the de facto ruler of the whole territory between Delhi and Chambal, received the titles of ‘Rao’ and ‘Bahadur' from Emperor Bahadur Shah, committed suicide by taking poison in the month of September/October, 1721, married and had issues
      • Raja Shri Mukham Singhji Bahadur ,ruler of Thun, inherited his fathers dominions, took the title of ‘Raja', was ousted by his causin Raja Badan Singh of Deeg from Thun in 1721, later consolidated with the Deeg family and settled in the Kingdom of Bharatpur, spend his last day in Ajmer, married a Deswal Jat lady ,daughter of Chaudhary of Kailuri and had issues.
      • Thakur Shri Zulkaran Singhji, Thakur of Kotari of Thun, inherited a share of his fathers property, quarrelled with his brother Mukham Singh over the possession of Garoo taluqa(left by Thakur Chatra Singh a relative who died childless) , reconciled with his brother after the death of his father, defeated Sadat Khan and annexed khalisa land of the Mughal Empire, was defeated and ousted from Thun by Raja Badan Singh of Deeg, he later took shelter with the Marathas in the Deccan, returned to Braj and consolidated with the Deeg-Bharatpur family, married and left issue.
      • Thakur Shri Than Singhji, married and left issue.
      • Thakur Shri Bhaktawar Singhji, married and left issue.
      • Thakur Shri Chand Singhji, married and left issue.
      • Thakur Shri Kirat Singhji, married and left issue.
      • Thakur Shri Sujan Singhji, married and left issue.
      • Thakur Shri Devi Singhji, married and left issue.
      • Thakur Shri Jaikaran Singhji, married and left issue.
    • Thakur Shru Atiram Singhji(son of Amrit Kaur),Thakur of Halena, son of Thakurani Amrit Kaur, established the jagir of Halena which consisted of 260 villages including the town of Bhusawar, left issues
      • Thakur Shri Singhramji/Sawairamji, Thakur of Halena, succeeded his father as the Thakur of Helena. married and left issue(Thakurs of Halena) ,
      • Thakur Shri Shardul Singhji, Thakur of Pathena, conquered the jagir of Pathena from the Gadasia Jat chief Sardar Vijayram, left issues(15 kotariband houses of Pathena descended 15 sons) (see Pathena)
    • Kunwar Bhao Singhji(16??-1682),son of Thakurani Amrit Kaur, died fighting against the Mughal forces during the Siege of Sinsini in the year 1682, married Kunwarani Radha Kaur, of Sogarwar clan, sister of Thakur Achal Singh of Sogar and had issues
      • Thakur Shri Aniram/Ajairam Singhji(16??-1716), Thakur of Deeg, started his career as the head of 100 sawars under his uncle Raja Ram Singh of Sinsini, proved his valour against the Mughal army, made Deeg his headquarters and took control of the whole pargana of Deeg, established the jagir of Deeg which became the predecessor to the Kingdom of Bharatpur, died fighting against the Mughal army in the second week of November, 1716 near Thun. left no issue
      • Thakur Shri Rup Singhji(16??-1622), Thakur of Deeg, successed his elder brother(Aniram)as the Thakur of Deeg, added the pargana of Kumher to his possession and bestowed it upon his younger brother Badan Singh, known for building Rup Sarovar at the town Deeg and the temple of Nand Rai at the town of Nandgaon, he revolted against his uncle(Rao Churaman) and joined Sadat Khan, died around the year 1622, left no issue
      • Raja Mahendra ‘Braj Raj' Badan Singh, King of Deeg,(see below)
  • Raja Shri Mahendra ‘Braj Raj' Badan Singhji, King of Deeg(r.1722 – 1756),founded the kingdom of Deeg/Bharatpur, ousted his cousin Raja Mukham Singh from Thun and became the head of the Sinsinwar clan, signed a treaty with the Mughal Empire and was granted the titles of ‘Raja’, ‘Mahindra ‘and ‘Braj Raj'. Elected as the deputy governer of Agra and received a portion of his uncle’s(Churaman) vast dominion. m. several times, 1stly Rani Devki of Beniwal clan, daughter of Chaudhary Akhairam Singh of Kamar, at Kamar,2ndly Rani Subhodara of Beniwal clan, another daughter of Chaudhary Akhairam Singh of Kamar,3rdly Rani Sahjauh , daughter of Chaudhary Patram of Kathumbar, 4thly Rani Satya Kaur and 5thly Rani Maya Kaur, both of Rijwar clan(daughters of Chaudhary Raderam ) ,6thly Rani Bajjo ,of Maderan clan, daughter of Rai Kriparam Singh of Sahar, at Sahar,in the year 1724 , 7thly Rani Tursa of Deswar clan, 8thly Rani Sarup Kaur of Sorot clan(daughter of Chaudhary Ram Singh, 9thly Rani Anusia of Sorot clan,daughter of Chaudhary Balla of Halena, 10thly Rani Sada Kaur a Rajput lady of Naunera, 11thly Rani Pranba Kaur of Bhagore clan, daughter of Chaudhary Bhup Singh of Garhner , 12thly Rani Jamoda, daughter of Chaudhary Rama of Agra and several others. had issues.
    • Maharaja Surajmal(see Bharatpur)
    • Raja Pratap Singh Bahadur of Weir, given the principality of Weir by his father and the titles of ‘Raja' and ‘Bahadur’, married and left issue. (see Weir)
    • Thakur Akhai Singh of Akhaigarh, given the jagir of Name by his father, founded the town of Akhaigarh after his name, married and left issue.
    • Thakur Ram Kishen of Mahloni,
    • Thakur Guman Singh of Gadoli
    • Thakur Kushal Singh of Agahwali
    • Thakur Lal Singh of Suhans
    • Thakur Dalel Singh of Ashtawan
    • Thakur Bhawani Singh of Senthari
    • Thakur Umed Singh of Nuh Bachamandi
    • Thakur Jodh Singh of Bajoli
    • Thakur Devi Singh of Peepali
    • Thakur Bir Narayan of Bansi
    • Thakur Ram Bal of Khatka
    • Thakur Sabha Ram of Hasanpur
    • Thakur Surat Singh of Khohra
    • Thakur Man Singh of Gadoli(shared with Guman Singh)
    • Rani?? Kaur, married to Raja Balram Singh of Ballagarh, had issue(see Ballabgarh Kingdom)
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