The Thenua clan trace there descent from one Rawat Lakhe Singh of Ajabgarh(near Alwar) and there rise to one Thakur Makhan Singh. Rawat Lakhe one of the sons of Samsi, fifth son of Karna Pal built a fort at Ajabgarh (near Alwar) or Anjangarh, and ordained that whosoever passes the newly built fort, shall bring five bucketful of earthen ‘Gilaya’ and add to the new embankment of the fort. It so happened that a Muslim Zenana Palki caraven passed that way, the keepers of the new fort asked the Palki attendants to contribute to the embankment, as ordained by their master, or else they may not be allowed to pass. They complied under duress, but a complaint was made to the Sultan of Delhi or the local Governor. This incident was followed by the light that was put on the high rampart of the new fort ;incidentally this light was visible from the quarters of the Governor and the ladies of the harem, by which they felt disturbed. A complaint was made against the Chief. Imperial orders were issued to punish the refracting Chief: when he was informed of the imperial orders, the Chief refused to comply, and prepared to meet the Mughals on the battlefield:
“मुसलमानों से ठानी ठान, तबसेपडाठेनुआ नाम “
‘Decided to oppose the Muslims,from that time got the name Thenua(from “Thane hue’-decided)’.
The prince was defeated and the fort was occupied by the Sultan of Delhi. However his 6 sons with there pregnant mother managed to escaped, they crossed the river Yamuna and took shelter at the village of Kokhia. There exists a strong tradition among the Thenuas, which may be mentioned here. According to it the mother, while she was pregnant, with her 6 sons took shelter in the house of a ‘Chamar in the village of Khokia, and there were born Thakur Gokul Singh and Thakur Makhan Singh. Out of the elder 6 brother one RawatKahan Singh died young. Out of the remaining brothers
- Rawat Ganga Ram founded Kheria and Ujarai,
- RawatKare founded Turkiya and Bastia,
- RawatKhemkaran founded Khemanagar and
- RawatMahare Singh took control of 8 villages including Sarauth.
- Thakur Sher Singh was a cavalier of repute, in the service of the reigning Lodhi ruler. He established himself at Surrakha.
- Thakur Gokul Singh annexed Gorai and 24 other villages. Gorai remained a Tappa under the pargana of Koel and later became a pargana.
- Thakur Makhan Singh laid the foundation of the town of Jawar.
Thakur Makhan Singh married a daughter of Khokhar clan Jats, who were in occupation of areas around Raya. After the marriage Thakur Makhan Singh organized people of that area and gathered power. He constructed fortresses (garhis) at Gausna, Sindura and Jawar. Out of 8 brothers the descendants of Makhan Singh became most powerful and important. The successor’s of Makhan Singh added more villages to the tappa of Jawar(among the successor’s) the brothers Thakur PaluSingh,Chotu Thakur and Sri Ram Thakur did most of the conquest). Kanwar Sen Thenua who was 13° in descend from Makhan Singh inherited an estate of 87 villages. He had two brilliant sons Nandram and Barisal. Barisal established himself Kihrawari and took control of many other important places including Jugsana. Nandram succeed his father at Jawar . He enlarged his estates and made the fort of Jawar formidable. Soon Raja Mandata of Mendu and Rao Anirudh of Daryapur accepted the suzerainty of Nandram. Soon several chiefs joined him including the Solanki Tuluqdars of Air Khera, Bharangar Chief of Anora and Ponias of Karil. He built the fort of Nanda kiGarhi as his first act of defiance of the Mughal Empire. He openly revolted against the Mughal Empire in 1657 and became the head of all clans of the old Mahawanpargana( Haga, BharangarJureil, Bhadautiya, Gandhar, Gawar, Gathauna, Tomars ‚etc). In then wrested the fort of Tocchigarh from the Jadon and made it his second capital. In the year 1660 Emperor Aurangieb invited him to Delhi an peace treaty with him accepting Nandram’s rights over Jawar and To 28/30 giving him fauzdari in the Sarkar of Koel. In the period of his Fauzdanue strengthened his position in the Sarkar of Koel meanwhile the leading of the rebel of the Sarkar went to Amar Singh of Khair. When the later was ejected from his stronghold of Khair, Nandram again rose in revolt. This time he allied himself with all the trans Yamuna clans(Nauhwar, Narwar, Pachera, Godaretc) and took control of the paraganas of Nauh, Mahawan, Sadabad and Jalesar (Etah). He died in the year 1696 and left several sons, most of whom founded new houses. The most important of his sons were. Here is the list.