Hindi Name



Kang is Suryavanshi gotra (clan) of Jats found in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan in India and in Pakistan. Many historians has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. They were inhabitants of Kanyaka forest country, who dwell now in Punjab. Kang clan is found in Afghanistan.

As per Mr. Barkley ,H.A Rose -The Kang are said to claim descent from the Solar Race of Ajudhia through their ancestor Jogra, father of Kang, and in Amritsar give the following pedigree : —

Ram Chandar. → Lahu. → Ghaj. → Harbam → Talochar. → Mal. → Jogra. → Kang. (According to the Sialkot tradition Jogra had four sons, Rai, Natt, Kang and Abala origin who founded as many septs.)

Baba Malha, son of Mangu, 6th in descent from Kang, fell in fight with the Kheras on the spot which still marks a village boundary, and he is now worshipped, Mirasis taking the offerings made to him. Kangs and Kheras still refuse to intermarry.also in later days of 17th century majority of Kang Jats accept Sikh Panth and later days they established many States and Estates like – Thanesar, Phillaur,Kang, Dharamsinghwala, Kotla Badla, Khumanon, Dhaliwal and Thabalke, Baloki , Dhiru Majra and Jabu Majra, and this clan gives many warriors like Sardar Tara Singh Gahiba Of Dallewalia ,Sardar Bhanga Singh Thanesar , Bhanga Singh Of Dharam singhwala etc .

Distribution in Punjab and Himachal Pradesh

Most of the people of this tribe(Kang) live in north India, mostly in Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. It is believed by many local people of Pubjab and people of Jat (Kang) tribe that their Ancestors (Jathere) were based at village Dholi-Moli near Balachor, Just close to the Chandigarh-Jalandhar highway in Punjab about 70 kms from Chandigarh. They also have a place of worship at this village which is only for Kang people. Twice every year they have a ceremony (one at very next day of diwali and one in year when all other people go to their ancestor place) at this village where they even have public lunch and bull races to praise their ancestors.

They are said to be in parts of Haryana, Western Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan and variously known as Kang, Kank, Kankas and Kangri. In the census of 1881, in Rohtak district they were 786 in numbers.( source–The 1881 Census.-By Sir Denzil Ibbetson).In the folklore,it is said that their oldest village was Keharpur or Keharpura near Delhi from where the clan went over to various places

  • Villages in Jalandhar district –

Kang Sahbu, Kang Sahibrai, Kangna, are villages in Nakodar tahsil in Jalandhar district in Punjab, India.

Kang Araian, Kang Jagir, Kangniwal are village in Phillaur tahsil in Jalandhar district in Punjab, India.

Kang Kalan, Kang Khurd are villages in Shahkot tahsil in Jalandhar district in Punjab, India.

According to B S Dhillon the population of Kang clan in Jalandhar district is 5,400.

  • Villages in Hoshiarpur district

Kang is village in Dasua tahsil in Hoshiarpur district in Punjab.

Kang named village is in Hoshiarpur tahsil in Hoshiarpur district in Punjab, India.

In Hoshiarpur district the Kang population is 1,590.

  • Villages in Firozpur district-

In Firozpur district the Kang population is 2,400.

  • Villages in Nawanshahr district-

Kang, Kangraur villages in Nawanshahr tahsil in Nawanshahr district in Punjab.

  • Villages in Fatehgarh Sahib district

Now a small town – Khamanon in Fatehgarh Sahib district in Punjab has a substantial population of Jats with the Kang Gotra. Master Manjit Singh Kang, was a well known school Principal who was also Numberdar and member of the Block Committee.

  • Distribution in Haryana

Village in Sirsa district


  • Distribution in Up

Villages in Hapur district


  • Distribution in Pakistan

Kang – The Kang are one of the larger Jat clans. They claim descent from Jogah, who was also an ancestor of the Sohal and Natt Jats. They are found in Lahore, Shaikhupura, Sialkot, Gujrat, Sargodha, Narowal, Faisalabad and Sahiwal districts. Prior to partition, many Muslim Kang were also found in Amritsar, Firozpur, Jalandhar and Ludhiana districts.

According to 1911 census the Kang were principal Muslim Jat clan in districts:

Sialkot District – Kang (173)

Amritsar District – Kang (97)

Gujrat District – Kang (1,032)

Muzaffargarh District – Kang (629)

Dera Ghazi Khan District – Kang (10)

References :-

  • The Ancient Geography of India: I. The Buddhist Period, Including the Campaigns of Alexander, and the Travels of Hwen-Thsang. By Sir Alexander Cunningham,
  • Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 34 (Sanskrit- o?)
  • Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p. 76


  • Chaudhary Sadhana, zamindar of Kang, married and had issue.
    • Amrika, married and had issue.
      • Sardar Tara Singh(see Baloki)
    • Bhumia, (qv)
  • Bhumia, residence of Kang.
    • Dargaha Singh [aka Dargona Singh], died 1757.
    • Sardar Kapur Singh (see below)
    • Sardar Dharam Singh, a cousin of Sardar Tara Singh Ghaiba, participated in the campaigns of the Khalsa, fighting against Mughals and Afghans in the second half of the eighteenth century, he took part in the conquest of Sirhind and the partition of territory by Sikhs in January 1764 when he occupied a cluster of villages and founded amid them his own Dharmsinghwala in Firozpur district in 1768, married and had issue, two sons. He died 1815.(see Dharamshinghwala)
  • Sardar Kapur Singh [aka Kaur Singh], jagirdar of Kang, he got Kang in his share and also took Fatehgarh Panjtah, an important place in Zira tahsil; married and had issue. He died 1788 or 1792.
    • Sardar Hari Singh(see below)
    • Sardar Bir Singh
  • Sardar Hari Singh [aka Hira Singh], jagirdar of Kang married and had issue, a daughter. He died spm in 1828.
    • Masamat Mahtab Kaur, married and had issue.
      • Sardar Bhup Singh(qv)
  • Sardar Bhup Singh, jagirdar of Kang, married and had issue. He died 1858.
  • Sardar Narain Singh, jagirdar of Kang, married a daughter of Sardar Dava Singh from Patiala. He died sp in 1885.
  • Sardar Nahal Singh, jagirdar of Kang, born 1850, married a daughter of Sardar Kirpal Singh, Jagirdar of Sarhali.
References :-
  • Charles Francis Massy, Chiefs and Families of Note in the Delhi, Jalandhar, Peshawar and Derajat ...
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