Mokal

Information

Dynasty

Jagir

Mokal

Hindi Name

मोकल

Revenue

1,85,000(1813)

Time Period

Early 18th century-1947

History

Sunder Singh a resident of the village of Mokal (which was founded by his ancestor Mokal Sindhu) was father of seven sons, of whom only the genealogy of two is given here, as the descendants of these alone became distinguished. His only daughter, Kauran, he married to Sardar Lal Singh, a Jagirdar in the vicinity of Pakpattan, who took his brother-in-laws(Thakur Singh and Kor Singh) into his service, and they rode behind him in all his marauding expeditions till their sister, jealous for the influence of her husband, induced him to turn them adrift. Jawand Singh(son of Thakur Singh) with his cousins came to Lahore and entered the service of Ranjit Singh. For some time they remained unnoticed; but at the bloody battle of Baisah, fought near Attook in July, 1813, by Diwan Mobkam Chand against the Afghan Wazir, the cousins, six of whom were engaged in the fight, were so conspicuous for bravery and strength that the Maharaja gave them the jagir of Rangilpur, worth Rs. 2,500, and to Jawand Singh, who had specially distinguished himself, five villages in the Gujrat district, valued at Ra. 30,000, subject to the service of one hundred and fifty sawars ; and his brothers were placed under his command. In 1818 le served at Multan, and the next year in Kashmir where he was severely wounded in the side by a spear. For this wound he received an assignment of Rs. 2,500 per annum out of the Kashmir revenue. The family jagir at one time reached Rs. 1,85,000 including Rs. 2,000 from the estate of their inhospitable connection, Sardar Lal Singh.

Atter the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1839, and of Jawand Singh in 1840, the jagirs of the Mokal family remained in tact; those which had been specially assigned to Jawand Singh descending to his two sons, Bela Singh and Gurmukh Singh, for the estate had been divided in 1836. Their contingent of two hundred and fifty horsemen was, however, raised to three hundred, and the brothers were placed under the command of Prince Nao Nihal Singh. They did not get on well together; the elder suspecting the younger of a desire to obtain not only the larger portion of the jagir, but the Sardarship itself. Raja Hira Singh was minister at the time, and on a nazrana of Re. 20,000 being paid by Sardar Bela Singh he confirmed him in the chiefship and iagir, which Gurmukh Singh took o much to heart that he died of vexation shortly afterwards, in 1844. When the first Anglo Sikh War broke out, Sardars Bela Singh and Surjan Singh with two hundred horsemen joined the army, and formed part of the detachment which advanced to Mudki and Ferozeshah. They were both present at Sobraon; and Bela Singh severely wounded in the battle, was drowned in the Sutlej in the vain attempt to ford the river after the bridge of boats had been broken down. For several days his servants searched for his body, but it was never found. Minister at Lahore, nearly half of Sardar Bela Singh’s jagirs were resumed; but there was still left to Surjan Singh estates worth Rs. 83,800, of which Rs. 49,800 were subject to the service of one hundred and sixty-three sowars. Surjan Singh enjoyed this estate up to 1849, when, havring with his oousin, Khazan Singh, joined the national party, it was resumed, with the exoeption of Rangilupr, worth Re. 1,00), which had been assigned on the death of Sardar Gurmukh Singh as a provision for his widow and daughter. This was upheld to the widow Indra Kaur. Khazan Singh received a pension of Rs. 450, and Mukaddam Singh one of Rs. 72. Sardar Surjan Singh’s pension of Rs. 1,200 lapsed at his death in March, 1864. His son, Chatar Singh, who succeeded him as chief Lambardar, embraced the Muslim faith in 1879 and changed his name to that of Fateh Din. He died in 1914, leaving three sons, Aran Ilahi,, Barkat Ali and Akbar Ali. When Raja Lal Singh was confirmed as In 1858 Lana Singh was made a Risaldar in the Banda Military Police, in which he remained till 1861. In September, 1859, he distinguished himself by the manner in which he led his troop against very uperior numbers of the enemy, and on thia occasion he was wounded in the head, and his horse was wounded under him, but he mounted a fresh horse, and was again foremost in the ight and the pursuit. In 1861, when he was discharged on the reduction of the Police force, he was made Zaildar and Honorary Police Magistrate of twenty-eight villages in the neighbourhood of Mokal; and in 1862 he received a grant of 720 acres of waste land in rakh Mudki near Chunian. Mana Singh died in 1884 and his son, Narayan Singh, succeeded him as Zaildar and Lan- bardar, dying in 1900. His other two sons, Partab Singh and Labh Singh, became Muslims. The first, then called Bashir Ahmad Khan, owned about 2,200 acres of land in the Labore and Hissar districte, as well as a grant of 560 acres on the Chenab canal.Punjab Irrigation Departmen and retired as a Deputy Collector atter 30 years’ service on a pension of Re. 200 per month. He was the author of aeveral Urdu books on agriculture and of a history of the Mokal fanily. He died in 1924, leaving one son, Haitulla, whose son, Rashid Ahmed, is at present studying in the Government College, Lahore. Labh Singh, who took up the name of Muhammal Tmar, was a Zaildar and died in 1914, leaving two sons. The elder was Khan Bahadur Sardar Habibullah, Barrister-at-Law. He was a member of the Punjab Legislative Council and was at one time its Deputy President, the President of the Lahore District Board and a Municipal Commisionee of Lahore. In 1931 he attended the session of the League of Nations at Geneva. He is a member for the Punjab of the Indian Central Cotton Committee, Vice-President of the Punjab Branch of Indian Cham- ber of Commerce and General Secretary of Zimindars’ Union. He re ceived a grant of 24 8quares of land and Lambardari in the Lyallpur distriot. His younger brother, Karamatullah, is an M.A. of the Cam bridge University and its Tennis Blue. He is now Principal, deMoat morency College, Shahpur. Sardar Habibullah has three sons; the elder. Hamid Umar, is studying in the Military Academy at Dersdu and Khalid Umar and Saleem Umar are at the Aitahison College,Lahore. On the death of Muhammad Umar, the Zaildari passed to Arjun Singh, the son of Narain Singh. Godar Singh was Risaldar in Hodson’s Horse, in which regiment he served with areilit for over two years. He was discharged when his troop was disbanded in March, 1860. When the Chinese War broke out, Godar Singh volunteered his services, but there was no vacaney in Fane’s Horse at the time, and they were declined. He received a grant of 50 acres at Jand in rakh Mudki at the same time as his cousin Mana Singh. He was Zaildar of Thata Jaloki, Chunian, Lahore. On Mana Singh’s death he was granted his seat in Divisional Darbars and being the head of the senior branch was looked upon as the repreaentative of the family.He died in 1893 His son, Teja Singh, also changed his religion and was called Abdur Rahman.He was a Deputy Collector in the Punjab Irrigation Department, in which he served for over thirty years. In 1907 he was granted the title of Khan Bahadur in recognition of his long and approved services and general integrity. From 1914 to 1919 he was an Honorary Magistrate of the first class at Lahore. He was a Provincial Darbari and as the representative of the senior branch was regarded as head of the family. He owned about 268 acres of land in Mokal, where he was a Lambardar. In 1916 he was granted 18 squares in the Lower Bari Doab colony at Montgomery.His eldest son, Jamil Ullah,retired in 1927 from the post of Deputy Collector in he Irrigation De partment of the N.-W. F. Province, on a pension of Rs. 250 per mensem.He died in 1985. His eldest aon, Majid Ulah, is in the Indian Service of Engineers; the second, Amir Ullah, dierd early in life and his son, Azmat Ullah, was a Zilladar in the Irrigation Department; the third,Faqir Ullsh, B.A., LLB., was an Advocate in Lahore and owns three squares in the Lower Bari Doab colony. The fourth son, Nur Muham mad, was a Lambardar at Montgomery where he owns 10 squares of land.

The fifth son of Khan Bahadur Sardar Abdur Rehman ia Wali Muham- ad, who is a Deputy Collector in the Pujab Irrigation Department. Mukaddam Singh was a Risaldar, and on his retirement received a grant of 100 acres of land and was appointed as Zaildar of Sultanki in the Labore distriot. One of his sons, Kishen Singh, was a Dafadar in the 11th Bengal Lancers. Kishen Singh’s grandson, Chanan Singh, a head constable in the Lahore police, was murdered in 1928, while gallantry pursuing, eren though wounded by bullet, the murderer of Mr. Saunders of the Indian Police. Chanan Singh’s widow and infant daughter were granted one square of land each as a reward for this devoted service. Budha Singh, the brother of Mana Singh, was a Daffadar in the Banda police, which he left in 1861 when the force was reduced. His 80u, Smder Singh, in addition to other landed property, holds a grant of 11 squares of land in the Chenab colony. The family reside at Mokal in the Lahore district. They hold half the village in proprietary right, besides three shares in Kila Jaswant Singh, and considerable land in Sultanki.

Genealogy

  • Sundar Singh
    • Thakur Singh
      • Gur Singh ( D.1839)
        • Sardar Khazan Singh ( D.1839)
        • Sardar Gaian Singh
      • Jiwan Singh
        • Sardar Khazan Singh ( D.1839)
        • Sardar Gaian Singh
          • Sardar Godar Singh , was Rasaldar in Hodsons horse.
            • Bhaj Singh
            • Sardar Shah Beg Singh
            • Sardar Hari Singh
            • Tej Singh
          • Sardar Bhawal Singh
            • Sardar Udham Singh
            • Sardar Lehna Singh
            • Sardar Bishan Singh
            • Sardar Ganda Singh
          • Sardar Gurdit Singh
            • Sardar Bakshish Singh
      • Jaswant/Jawand Singh ( D.1841)
        • Sardar Bela Singh ( D.1846)
        • Sardar Gurmukh Singh ( D.1844)
          • Sardar Surjan Singh ( D.1864)
            • Sardar Chatar Singh (B. 1848)
            • Sardar Faujdar Singh ( B.1854)
            • Sardar Narinder Singh (B.1858)
    • Kahan Singh ( D.1841)
      • Sardar Mana Singh ( D.1884) , He was Zaildar of Thata Jaloki, Chunian, Lahore.
        • Narain Singh (B. 1849)
          • Sardar Harnam Singh
        • Pratap Singh (B.1852)
        • Labha Singh (B.1855)
          • Sardar Resham Singh
      • Sardar Bhudha Singh , He was a Dafadar in the Banda Police.
        • Sardar Sundar Singh ( B.1861)
        • Sardar Balwant Singh
    • Kor Singh
      • Joda Singh
        • Mukadam Singh
          • Sardar Hukum Singh ( D.1881)
          • Sardar Kishan Singh ( D.1882), Was a Dafadar in the 11th Bangal Lancer’s.
      • Nodh Singh
        • Sardar Khazan Singh ( D.1839)
        • Sardar Gaian Singh
References :-
  • The Punjab Chief’s vol 1:- L.H Griffin.
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