Choudhary Dipa, a Jatt of Deu clan, once came along with Bhai Narain Das and Bhai Bula to Guru Angad (1504-52) and begged to be instructed how they could have themselves released from the cycle of birth and death. The Guru, according to Bhai Mani Singh, Sikhan di Bhagat Mala, told them to follow the bhakti marga, path of devotional love of God, to the exclusion of the paths of bairag (renunciation), Yoga (austerities) and Giyan (knowledge). Bhakti, he explained, involved complete self-surrender to the Will of the Lord.


  • Mani Singh, Bhai, Sikhan di Bhagat Mala. Amritsar, 1955
  • Santokh Singh, Bhai, Sn Gur Partap Suraj Granth. Amritsar, 1926-37
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