Coat Of Arms

Dholpur

Information

Dynasty

Princely State

Dholpur

Hindi Name

धौलपुर

Time Period

1805-1957

Area

3,038 km

Revenue

10,71,000

Gun Salute

15 (Personal – 17)

History

Faridkot flag

Flag of Dholpur

The Dholpur family is a branch of the House of Gohad. It was ruled by the Bamrolia Dynasty which was founded by Jai Singh of Bairat(see Gohad for early history). Rao Anirudh Singh the grandson of Rana Shri Gaj Singh of Gohad(1699 1713) was given the jagir of Adhupura. The Adhupura house rose to become one of the premier nobles of Gohad durbar. The last ruler of Gohad, Maharaj Rana Shri Chatra Singh lost Gwalior to Mahadji Scindia in 1784, who then crushed his opponent by seizing the whole of Gohad. Chhatra Singh fled to the neighbouring Karauli, but was returned to Scindia as a state prisoner, confined at Gwalior fort, then quietly poisoned in 1788.

The Bamrolia clan had effectively been destroyed by the Scindia then spent the next twenty-years fighting each other in a bloody tussle for power. Eventually all the clan leaders resolved to settle their differences by choosing a single ruler in the person of Rao Kirat Singh of Adhupura. Installed at Baghthurra Fortress in 1803, he at once revived the alliance with the British. They agreed to restore Gohad to him in return for his help in crushing the Maratha power. However, once hostilities ceased, Scindia opposed the restoration. The Rana then agreed to surrender Gohad in 1805, receiving Dholpur, Bari and Rajakhera as compensation in the following year. The ancient town of Dholpur became the capital of the new state, from which the state also took its name.

Maharaj Rana Kirat Singh died in 1835, leaving his throne to his minor and younger son. His elder son having pre deceased him without leaving any issue, seventeen years earlier. The first few years of the new ruler, Maharaj Rana Bhagwat Singh’s reign saw his sister-in-law actively involved in the administration. On his eventual assumption of full ruling powers, he proved to be a model ruler of his time. He showed his mettle during the Indian Mutiny when, despite the loss of territory to the mutineers, he extended his protection to European civilians, saving them from certain death. He also sent a force of 1,500 men for the defence of Agra. His services were recognised with the grant of additional titles, an increased gun-salute and additional territories. He died leaving his throne to his grandson, his own son having pre-deceased him very shortly before.

Succeeding as a minor in 1873, Maharaj Rana Nihal Singh proved himself every inch his grandfather’s heir. He assisted the British during the Tirah expedition in 1882, becoming one of the first Indian rulers to secure a commission and to serve in person in a Royal regiment. A near thirty-year reign saw advances in almost every field of government endeavour. He modernised the administration, organised public works, restored monuments, built hospitals, dispensaries and tanks, and created an extensive road and rail network. At his death in 1901, Dholpur possessed one of the most modern infrastructures of any princely state.

Genealogy

  • Rana Shri Gaj Singh, Rana of Gohad 1699/1713,succeeded on the death of his father, 1699. He d. 1713,had issue
    • Maharaj Rana Bhim Singh of Gohad(see Gohad)
    • Samant Mandhata Singh, of Jandara(see Kaithoda and Ikona)
    • Kunwar Dalel Singh of Panchgaon(see below)
    • Rao Chhatra Singh of Makoi
    • Samant Amrik Singh of Rajpura
  • Kunwar Dalel Singh, jagirdar of Panchgaon. He had issue, four sons (the Pachgaon-ghar)
    • Kunwar Moti Singh
    • Rao Balju of Nimrol
    • Rao Anirudh Singh of Adhupura(see below)
    • Kunwar Raghunath Singh
  • Rao Anirudh Singh, Rao of Adhupura, married and had issue
    • Kunwar Bakht Singh
    • Kunwar Tara Chand
  • Rao Tara Chand, Rao of Adhupura, married and had issue.
    • Maharaja Rana Khirat Singh of Dholpur
  • Maharaj Rana KHIRAT SINGH, Maharaj Rana of Gohad 1788/1805 and 1st Maharaj Rana of Dholpur 1805/1836, born about 1764, he received Dholpur, Bari, Rajakhera and the taluka of Sri Muttra in exchange for Gohad, which was made over to the Maharaja of Gwalior in 1806, he was the first Jat ruler of Dholpur, married and had issue. He died 21st April 1836 (Baisakh sudi 5, 1892).
    • Maharaj Rana Pohap Singh (qv)
    • Maharaj Rana Bhagwant Singh (qv)
  • Maharaj Rana POHAP SINGH, 2nd Maharaj Rana of Dholpur in 1836 (for eight months), died sp in December 1836.
  • Maharaj Rana BHAGWANT SINGH, 3rd Maharaj Rana of Dholpur 1836/1873, K.C.S.I., G.C.S.I. [cr.1869], born 1824, rendered valuable service to the British authorities during the 1857 war of independence, and was created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, married a daughter of the Jat chieftain, Nand Kishor Rajauria, and had adoptive issue. He died sp on 9th February 1873.
    • Kunwar Kulendra Singh, born as Maharaj Singh, adopted by the Rana as his successor, married Kunwarani Basant Kaur, daughter of Maharaja Narendra Singh of Patiala, and had issue. He died vp before 1873, aged 28 years.
      • Maj. HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana Nihal Singh Lokindra Bahadur Diler Jung Jai Deo (qv)
      • [?Rani Hanumant Kaur, married (as his second wife), Raja Harnarayan Singh of Hathras.]
  • Maj. HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana NIHAL SINGH Lokindra Bahadur Diler Jung Jai Deo, 4th Maharaj Rana of Dholpur 1873/1901, born 4th May 1863, succeeded 9th February 1873, granted full ruling rights in 1884, educated privately by his mother, learning English, Hindi, Sanskrit and Persian; Honourary Major in the Central India Horse, and received the C.B.E. and Frontier Medal for services in the Tirah campaign; attended the Prince of Wales Darbar in Delhi in 1876; an enlightened ruler, he constructed hospitals, roads and railway; married 30th April 1879, HH Maharani Harbans Kaur, the second daughter of Shahzada Bahadur Shah Dev Singh of Pandriganeshpur in Lahore, and had issue. He died 20th or 28th July 1901.
    • HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana Ram Singh Lokindra Bahadur Diller Jang Jai Deo (qv)
    • Lt.Col. HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Saramad Rajha-i-Hind Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana Sir Udaibhan Singh Lokindra Bahadur Diler Jung Jai Deo (qv)
    • Raja Birender Singh, married Rani Taptej Kaur from Kot Fateh (sister of Rani Rajbans Kaur, married to Raja Ram Narain Singh of Patiala).
    • Kunwar Keshav Singh, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; married Kunwarani Kartar Kaur of Patiala, married and had issue.
      • Kunwar Ajay Singh (aka Guni Raja in Dholpur), active in social and political circles till his death, he married Kunwarani Laxmi Kumari, and had issue.
        • Kunwar Ajit Singh Rana (Narsingh Dyori, Dholpur, Rajasthan, India)
      • Kunwar Upendra Singh
  • Captain HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana RAM SINGH Lokindra Bahadur Diller Jang Jai Deo K.C.I.E., 5th Maharaj Rana of Dholpur 1901/1911, born 26th May 1883, he succeeded to the gadi on 20th July 1901, he was granted full ruling powers in March 1905, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; later joined the Imperial Cadet Corps; he held the Honorary rank of Captain in His Majesty's army; married HH Maharani Ripudaman Kaur, daughter of HH Raja Sir Hira Singh Malvinder Bahadur, Maharaja of Nabha, and had issue. He died 2nd April 1911 or 29th March 1911 and
    • Kunwar Devender Singh, he left Dholpur before attaining his majority and adopted the life of an ordinary individual in Badrinath.
  • Lt.-Col. HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Saramad Rajha-i-Hind Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana Sir UDAIBHAN SINGH Lokindra Bahadur Diler Jung Jai Deo G.C.I.E., K.C.S.I., K.C.V.O., 6th Maharaj Rana of Dholpur 1911/1954, born 12th December 1893 or 25th February 1893 , G.C.I.E. [cr.1931], K.C.S.I. [cr. 1.1.1918], K.C.V.O. [cr.17.3.1922], granted full ruling rights on 9th October 1913 by the Honorable the Agent to the Governor-General; educated at Mayo College, Ajmer where he passed the Diploma Examination and with the Imperial Cadet Corps at Dehra Dun; he was attached to the staff of the General Officer Commanding 2nd Division Peshawar when war was declared in 1919 and remained on active service until armistice was declared, he succeeded to the Taluq of Padriganeshpur under the will of Shahzada Basdev Singh, with the agreement of the Government of India, Honorary Colonel of 1/143rd Narsingh (Dholpur) Infantry, the Maharaj Rana enjoys a personal gun salute of 17, he was promoted to the rank of Honorary Major on 1st January 1921 and further to Honorary Lieutenant-Colonel on 24th October 1921; married 1911, HH Maharani Malvender Kaur, daughter of Sardar Shamsher Singh of Badrukhan in Jind, and had issue. He died 22nd October 1954 .
    • HH Maharani Urmilla Devi, born 5th May 1924, married 25th April 1944, HH Maharaja Pratap Singh Malvinder Bahadur of Nabha, and had issue.
      • HH Maharaja Hanuwant Singh Malvinder Bahadur of Nabha
      • H.H Rais ud-Daula, Sipahdar ul-Mulk Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Hind, Maharajadhiraja Shri Sawai Maharaj Rana Shri Hemant Singh, Lokendra Bahadur, Diler Jang Jai Deo, Maharaj Rana of Dholpur. b. 5th January 1951, second son of Colonel H.H. Farzand-i-Arjumand, Aqidat-Paiwand-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Barar Bans Sarmur, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Shri Sir Pratap Singh Malvendra Bahadur, Maharaja of Nabha, KCSI, by his wife, H.H. Maharani Urmila Devi Sahiba, only daughter of Colonel H.H. Maharaja Rana Sir Udai Bhan Singh, Lokendra Bahadur, Diler Jang Jai Deo, Maharaj Rana of Dholpur, GCIE, KCSI, KCVO, educ. the Doon Sch., Dehra Dun, and Hindu Coll., Delhi Univ. (BA 1971). Adopted by his maternal grandmother, after the death of her husband, 5th November 1954. Recognised by the GOI as successor to his grandfather, 13th December 1956 (with effect from 22nd October 1954). Reigned under the guardianship of his grandmother, until he came of age. The GOI amended the Indian Constitution to remove his position as a "ruler" and his right to receive privy-purse payments, 28th December 1971. Settled permanently at Panchsheel Park in Delhi 1973, and handed over the Dholpur palaces, lands and state jewellery to the care of his son in 17th May 2007. m. at Padma Vilas Palace, Poona, 17th November 1972 (sep. 1973), H.H. Sri Scindiawala Maharani Vasundhara Raje Sahiba (b. at Bombay, 8th March 1953), née Maharajkumari Shrimant Vasundhara Raje Sahib Scindia, educ. Presentation Convent Sch., Kodaikanal, and Sophia Coll., Bombay Univ. (BA), MLA for Dholpur in the Rajasthan state assembly 1985-1989 and for Jhalarapatan since 2003, MP (Lok Sabha) for Jhalawar 1989-2003, Union Minister of State for External Affairs 1998-1999, and for Small Scale Industries 1999-2003, Agro & Rural Industries 1999-2001, and Personnel, Training, Pensions, Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances, Planning, Dept. of Nuclear Energy and Dept. of Space 2001-2003, Chief Minister of Rajasthan since 2003, Presdt. BJP (Rajasthan) since 2002 (Vice-Presdt. 1987-1989), Vice-Presdt. Yuva Morcha, BJP (Rajasthan) 1984-1986, Joint-Sec. BJP Parliamentary Party 1997-1998, Trustee Vijayaraje Scindia Trust, etc. third daughter of Lieutenant-General H.H. Maharaja Sir George Jivaji Rao Scindia Bahadur, Maharaja Scindia of Gwalior, GCSI, GCIE, KStJ, by his wife H.H. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Maharani Vijaya Raja Bai Sahiba, daughter of Shrimant Thakur Mahendra Singhji. He had issue, one son :-
        • Raja Shri Dushyant Singh Jai Deo Bahadur, Yuvraj Sahib of Dholpur. b. at Bombay, 11th September 1973 (s/o Vasundhara Raje), educ. the Doon Sch., Dehra Dun, St Stephen's Coll., Delhi Univ. (BA), Johnson & Wales Univ., Providence, Rhode Island, USA (MBA), and IHTTI Sch. of Management, Neuchatel, Switzerland (dipl. Hotel Ops.). Intern with J. Thomas & Co. Pvt. Ltd. in Calcutta 1994-1995, Hotel Beau Rivage in Geneva 1997, and the Hyatt Regency Hilton Head in South Carolina 1998-1999, Mngr. with She raton Hotels in USA 1999-2002, and Hospitality Valuation Servies (HVS) in New Delhi 2002, MLA for Jhalawar in the Rajasthan state assembly 2002-2004, MP (Lok Sabha) for Jhalawar since 2004. m. 11th December 2000, Yuvrani Niharika Raje Sahiba, daughter of H.H. Maharaja Shri Ranjit Singh Ju Deo Bahadur Bar-Gujar, Raja of Samthar. He has issue, one son and one daughter:
          • Rajkumar Shri Nihal Singh Jai Deo. b. at New Delhi, 27th July 2004.
          • Rajkumari Shri Bhairawi Raje Sahiba. b. at New Delhi, 2001.
  • Maharaj Rana Shri Hemant Singh also has issue by a princess from Vana, in Gujarat, a daughter:
    • Rudrani Singh.
References :-
  • “Who Was Who 1897-1915” ; Volume I, London 1920 ; Adam and Charles Black ; p.195
  • A Short History of the State of Dholpur. Rajput Anglo-Oriental Press, Agra, 1902.
  • A. Vadivelu, The Ruling Chiefs, Nobles & Zamindars of India. G.C. Loganadham Bros., Madras, 1915
  • Sir C.S. Bailey (compiler). Chiefs and Leading Families in Rajputana (The Ruling Princes, Chiefs and Leading Personages in Rajputana and Ajmer). Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta, 1894, 1903, 1912, 1916 and 1935.
  • “Memoranda on The Indian States 1939”, corrected up to 2nd January 1939, Published by the Manager of Publications, Delhi. Government of India Press, New Delhi. 1939.
  • “Who Was Who 1951-1960” ; Volume V ; London 1962 ; Adam & Charles Black ; p.304
  • The Golden Book of India”; LETHBRIDGE, Roper, MacMillan & Co., 1893 , p.122

Personality

Maharaj Rana Sir Uday Bhan Singh Of Dholpur

Maharaj Rana Sir Uday Bhan Singh Of Dholpur, GCIE (1.1.1931), KCSI (1.1.1918), KCVO (17.3.1922), was born at Dholpur on 12th February 1893, He was the second son of Major H.H. Maharajadhiraja Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana…

Maharaja Kirat Singh Rana

Early Life :- MAHARAJA KIRAT SINGH Ran or Rana Kirat Singh was born at Adhupura, 1763, son of Gohad Rulers Cousin’s line Jagirdar Rao Tara Chand of Adhupura. He was the last Bamrolia Jat ruler…

Maharaj Rana Nihal Singh Of Dholpur

Major Maharaj Rana Nihal Singh Of Dholpur was born on 4th May 1863 as son of Rana Kulender Singh and succeeded Maharaj rana Bhagwant Singh on 9th February 1873 after his death. He was of…

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