Was also know as Jaimal Singh and Mahtab Singh Some writers call Haqiqat Singh brother of Jai Singh Kanhiya. Khushwant Rai calls him brother at one place and at another place says he was not Jai Singh’s real brother. In fact they were cousins. Haqiqat Singh wasa Sandhu Jat of village Julka near Kanha Kachha. Haqiqat Singh wasin the beginning with Kapur Singh. Later on he joined Jai Singh. He founded a village near Chiryanwalä and named it Sangatpur. He built a fort there and called it Fatahgarh after his nephew Fatah Singh. He then shifted to Kalanaur where more than two hundred years ago Akbar had been enthroned. Brij Raj Dev was the Raja of Jammu. He had entered into brotherhood with Mahan Singh Sukarchakia by exchanging turbans. With his help Brij Raj wanted to recover his parganah of Kärianwalä from The Bhangis. He also invited help from Haqiqat Singh Kanhiya promising to pay him one lakh of rupees. Just about that time Jai Singh Kanhiya had married a Bhangi girl as his third wife. He tried to dissuade Haqiqat Singh from fighting against Bhangis. Haqiqat Singh was not prepared to lose a rich reward. He marched towards Jammu. Meanwhile Brij Raj had himself recovered Kärianwalä, He declined to pay the stipulated money. Haqiqat Singh seized the parganah for himself. By that time Mahan Singh had also joined Brij Raj Dev. Both of them attacked Haqiqat Singh, but they were defeated. Mahan Singh made peace with Haqiqat Singh by paying him asum of Rs. 50,000. Brij Raj paid him one lakh of rupees already promised and agreed to pay a tribute of Rs. 30,000 a year to Haqiqat Singh. Haqiqat Singh demanded the tribute of Rs. 30,000 from Brij Raj Dev after six months. The Raja said that it would be paid at the end of the year. Haqiqat Singh made up his mind to plunder Jammu. He feared that Mahan Singh might come to help Bri Raj Dev again. He suggested to Mahan Singh to join him in sacking Jammu and divide the booty equally between themselves. It was decided that on a certain day Mahan Singh would march by the western route via Chaprár, while Haqiqat Singh would follow the eastern road via Zafarwal. The distance from both sides was almost equal. From Gujranwala to Jammu by the Chaprar route is 172 kms,and from Kalanaur to Jammu via Zafarwal is 180 kms Mahan Singh reached earlier. He threw off his bond of brotherhood to the winds and sacked Jammu thoroughly. The Raja fled away. Haqiqat Singh reached too late. He was so much shocked at Mahan Singh’s treachery that he fell ill and died soon afterwards at Fatahgarh in 1784. He was succeeded by his only son Jaimal Singh, a boy eleven years old. He was married to the famous Patiala lady, Sahib Kaur. By another wife he had a daughter, Chand Kaur, who was married to Ranjit Singh’s eldest son, Kharak Singh on 6 February, 1812. A few months later he died. His estates were annexed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Haqiqat Singh and Mahtab Singh were real brothers. Mahtab Singh’s son was Fatah Singh. Jamal Singh and Fatah Singh often quarrelled. Once Jamal Singh was taken prisoner by Fatah Singh, and was shut up in the fort of Fatahgarh. Jaimal Singh’s troops besieged Fatahgarh. The siege continued for four months without any success. Jaimal Singh’s wife, Sahib Kaur, came from Patiala at the head of a strong contingent of troops. She spent money recklessly and fought hard. In one engagement Fatah Singh was killed. His territory was seized by Jaimal Singh. It belonged in common to Haqiqat Singh and Mahtab Singh. It consisted of Fatahgarh, Kalanaur, Malkhanwala, Nunar, Sambrial, Sanba, Saträh, Shakargarh and Sheranwali.

References :-

  • History of Sikhs -Vol. IV ,The Sikh Commonwealth or Rise and Fall of Sikh Misls By Hari ram gupta.
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