Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday paid tributes to Maharaja Surajmal on his birth anniversary, saying he dedicated his life to the people.
“My tributes to Maharaja Surajmal ji, a great warrior and one who dedicated his life to the people, on his birth anniversary,” Modi said in a tweet in Hindi.
About Maharaja Surajmal ji
Maharaja Surajmal was a ruler of Bharatpur He has been described by a contemporary historian as “the Aisia Plato ” and by a modern writer as the ” Ulysses”, because of his political sagacity, steady intellect and clear vision. He was one of the greatest warriors and ablest statesmen ever born in India.He was son of Raja Badan Singh Of Deeg and he was 21th direct descendant of Thakur Sobha , who was founder of Sinsini estate. Maharaja Surajmal descendants of Rao Churaman Singh Of Thun, Rajaram Jat Of Sinsini and Gokula Singh Of Tilpat. Maharaja Surajmal fought about 80 wars during his lifetime. In every battle he won. He founded Bharatpur in 1733 by defeating Sogwar Jat ruler Raja Khemkaran Singh. In 1733, Maharaja Surajmal laid the foundation of the only Ajay fort of Lohagarh in Indian history. This fort was so compelled that during the reign of his son Maharaja Ranjit Singh Of Bharatpur, the British fought 13 times, due to which he had to face defeat. During the reign of these, Pandits considered themselves to be the safest in Bharatpur in the whole of India. In 1757, , because of his visionary diplomacy, had forced Abdali to be sent back from Agra without a war.Maharaja Surajmal had an important contribution in the third battle of Panipat. Had Sadashiv Rao Bhau not lived in his ego and had followed the advice of Maharaja Surajmal, he would have won the battle of Panipat. Under him, the Bharatpur Kingdom (Also know as Jattwada) rule covered the present-day national capital Delhi and districts of Agra, Aligarh, Alwar, Bharatpur, Bulandshahr, Dholpur, Etah, Etawa, Faridabad, Firozabad, Ghaziabad, Gurgaon, Hathras, Jhajjar, Kanpur, Mainpuri, Mathura, Mewat, Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Palwal, Rewari, and Rohtak, Panipat.
His famous battles :-
- Battle of Chandaus – 1746
- Battle of Bagru – 20 August 1748
- Treaty with Mir Bakhshi – 1 January 1750
- Capture of Aligarh Fort
- Battle of Ghasera – 1753
- Capture of Delhi – 10 May 1753
- Battle of Kumher– 1754
- Battle Of Bharatpur – 1757
- Capture of Agra Fort 12 June 1761
- Capture of Farrukhnagar
- Battle of Delhi – 1763
Fight with Maharaja Surajmal and Najib. The Rohilla under Najib-ud-daula had now been encircled and the war was inevitable. Ruhella alongside Baloch Sayyidu Muhammad Khan, Afzal Khan, Zaibita Khan had mobilized the troops which was still weaker in number and weaponry against Maharaja Surajmal Military. Jat foray on to the enemy was mobilized from both front and rear end and it was potent enough to have decimated the combined Rohilla and Baloch in two days, but a deceitful ambush by Sayyidu near the Hindon river base took the Maharaja Surajmal with surprise. Outnumbered and suddenly the Maharaja Surajmal attained Martyrdom on the night of 25 December 1763. When he died, he had an army of 25,000 infantry and 15,000 cavalry. Also 8 crore rupees were in his treasury. He successor was Maharaja Jawahar Singh.
Maharaja Surajmal was not only a warrior but he was a skilled art lover, along with this he built many strong forts and temples.
- Lohagarh Fort
- Maharani Kishori Mahal
- Mahal Khass
- Deeg Fort , Deeg
- Kumher Fort , Bharatpur
- Nawal Singh Fort , Vrindavan
- Baoli , Farrukhnagar
- Sheetla Mata Mandir , Gurugram
- Bharatpur Fort , Alwar
- Aligarh Fort , Aligarh
- Sohna Hill Fort , Guru gram
- Kesi Ghat , Vrindavan Etc.
His Current Descendants :-
Maharaja Surajmal current descendants live in Bharatpur, Rajasthan his names is Maharaja Brijendra Sawai VISHVENDRA SINGHji Bahadur Jung his wife and son , Maharani Divya Singh Sahiba , Yuvraj Anirudh Singh Sahib , Raja Anup Singh Of Bharatpur and his wife Rani Surender Kaur etc.