AJIT SINGH, ruler of Ladwa, was born the son of Raja Gurdit Singh who had acquired territory around Thanesar after the conquest by Sikhs in 1764 of the Mughal province of Sirhind. Raja Gurdit Singh belonged to the Bhatti Jat clan as Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Gurdit Singh being descended from Choudhari Vega Sandhawalia, originally came from the village of Vein Poin, about 15 km south of Amritsar, and was a member of the Karorsinghiamisl or confederacy. In addition to his other acquisitions, Gurdit Singh received in Jagir from Maharaja Ranjit Singh the village of Baddowal, near Ludhiana. After Gurdit Singh`s death, Ajit Singh succeeded him as ruler of the Ladwa state.

Ajit Singh, like his father, continued to be an ally of Ranjit Singh in his campaigns of conquest and received favours from him. He built a bridge over the River Sarasvati at Thanesar, and received the title of Raja from Lord Auckland, the British governor general of India. In the first Anglo-Sikh War, Raja Ajit Singh fought on the side of the Sikhs against the British. He along with Ranjodh Singh Majithia crossed the Sutlej at Phillaur with a force of 8,000 men and 70 guns.

In rapid marches Ajit Singh and Ranjodh Singh seized the forts of Fatehgarh, Dharamkot, and Baddoval, and stole into Ludhiana cantonment, setting many of the barracks on fire. In the action fought on 21 January 1846 at Baddowal, Sir Henry Smith`s column was attacked and more than 200 of his men were slain. But Ajit Singh suffered a defeat in the action fought in Aliwal after a week (28 January) and fled the battlefield. Raja Ajit Singh’s estates were confiscated by the British in 1846 and he was arrested and detained at Allahabad. He, however, contrived to escape after killing his keeper and after long wanderings is supposed to have died in Kashmir.

References :-

  • Suri, SohanLal, `Umdat-ut-Twarikh. Lahore. 1885-89
  • Griffin, Lepel, The Rajas of the Punjab [Reprint]. Delhi, 1971
  • Harbans Singh, The Heritage of the Sikhs. Delhi, 1983
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