Rana Singhandev II or Sambhu Singh was Rana of Gohad (1505 – 1518), fifth in descent from Rana Ratanpal Singh . He is consdered to be the founder of Bamraolia State of Gohad. Entered the service of the Tomar Raja Man Singh of Gwalior, and received Gohad in reward for his services in 1505. Invested with the hereditary title of “Rana” and with the Royal insignia, comprising a parasol and the chamra or yak-tail. He was son of Kripal Singh, a samanta of Tomars. His childhood name was Shambhu Singh. Looking to his qualities like a tiger he was called Singhandev.

Singhandev Ancestors awarded with title Rana :-
According to Rajputana Gazetteer, in the history of Bamrolia clan, Raja Jai Singh ruled Bairat, south of Alwar. Loyal to Emperor Anang Rao Puar, he received the hereditary title of Rana in ca 1068, together with the usual Royal insignia of a parasol and chamra or yak-tail. A century later, his descendent Rana Palun Singh, transferred his allegiance to Prithvi Raj Chauhan, and was slain beside him in 1175. Rana Birhan Pal, son of Rana Palun Singh , settled at Bamroli, near Agra in 1195. It is from this place that the family derives their name. His descendants ruled there until driven out by the Mughal Governor of Agra in 1367. Rana Ratan Pal, eighth in descent from Birhan Pal, joined the service of the Tuar ruler at Gwalior. His son supported Raja Barsingh Dev of Gwalior, helping him to win his independence from their Muslim overlords in 1375. He married a Jat lady and later settled at Baghthurra, near Gohad., they established marital relations with Jat Bisotia thakurs. In the fifth generation of Rana Ratanpal Singh , Raja Man Singh Tomar awarded Singhandev the Jagirdar of Gohad and the title of Rana in 1505 AD.

Sinhandev I ruled in Pachokhara. Later Jats made Gohad as their permanent capital in year 1368.

Rana Singhandev helped Raja Man Singh in the wars
In the year 1505, Delhi Sultan Sikandar Lodhi-Gwalior went from Agra with a huge army for victory. He mounted a front at a place called Alapur at a distance of 10 kos from Gwalior. Raja Mansingh also made preparations for the war. There was a fierce battle between the two armies at Jaura-Alapur. In which SikandarLodhi was defeated. The defeated Sultan fled and took refuge in Dholpur. In this war, the Bamrolia Jat ruler Rana Singhandev of Bagthara, taking an army of 5000 soldiers, went to fight against SikandarLodhi on the side of Raja Man Singh. The Jat army under the leadership of Singhan Dev fought a fierce battle with the royal army to the Sultan. and upset the army. With the help of Sultan Khan Jahan and Odh Khan, he escaped from the Rann area. After this, Sultan Sikandar Lodhi never dared to attack Gwalior while Mansingh was alive.

Suppression of Pindari bandit Sardar Bhamapore by Rana Singhandev.
During the reign of Tomar Raja Man Singh (1486-1516) of Gwalior, a dacoit group of Pindaris used to loot Gwalior and its adjoining areas in the states like Tonk, Sironj, Kota Chhabra etc. The name of their chieftain was Bhamapore, which was very powerful. Gwalior Raja Mansingh called all the chieftains and consulted for the suppression of Bhamapore. Then the Jat chieftain of Bagthra, Singhandev took a pledge to suppress Bhamapore. Singhandev along with his maternal grandfather Jhanjhan Puria (Jhankri village), Maithadasa, Girwan village and Jajilji Bisotia (TurarKheda) set out in search of that Pindari bandit Bhamapore. Bhamapore was surrounded in the Shiva temple in the ravine on the banks of the river. At that time he was worshiping in search of eyes. When Singhan Dev challenged for war, he hit Singhandev’s forehead with full force with a copper plate. Due to which the forehead of Singhan Dev was broken. Singhandev fell there, then Maithadas and Jajilji Bisautia and Jhanjhan Das Puria together broke down at Bhamapore. Singhan Dev got up hurriedly with his sword and beheaded Bhamapore. After Bhamapore was killed, the group of Pindari robbers fled towards the south. Gwalior state became free from anarchy. Pleased with the bravery of RanaSinghandev, Raja Man Singh presented him with a jewel-studded sword and honored him with the title of Rana by making him the king of Gohad.

His Successor :-
His successor was Abhay Chander or Rana Abhay Singh, Rana of Gohad (1518 – 1531). And during these times it had become a kingdom.

References :-

  • Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : Gohad ke Jaton ka Itihas(Hindi), p. 14
  • RajputanaGazeteer, Part-I, 1879, p. 248-249
  • Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : Gohad ke Jaton ka Itihas(Hindi), p. 14
  • Sovaran Singh Chahar, Jat-Veer Smarika, Agra, 1992, p. 41
  • Diary of Rana Jai Singh, Books of Jagas
  • Harihar Niwas Dwivedi, DilliKeTomar, p.158
  • Kannu Mal, Dholpur Rajya Aur Dhaulpur Naresh,p.11
  • Rana Jai Singh: Gohad Ki Dayari, Jagaon Ki Pothi
  • Rajputana Gazetteer Part-1 , 1789, p. 248-49
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