The Battle of Delhi (1764) was fought between the Kingdom of Bharatpur and the Mughal Empire

Battle of Delhi, 1764

Part of Mughal – Jat Wars

Date :- October 1764 – February 1765

Location :- Delhi

Result :- Bharatpur victory

Belligerents :- Kingdom of Bharatpur and Mughal Empire

Commanders and leaders :- Maharaja Bharatendra Sawai Jawahar Singh and Shah Alam II , Najib ad-Dawlah

On 25 December 1763, Najib-ad Daulah shot Jawahar Singh’s father Maharaja Brijendra Sawai Suraj Mal, killing him. Maharaja Sawai Jawahar Singh started preparing to avenge the death of his father.

Singh marched to Delhi with 60,000 soldiers of his own, 25,000 soldiers of Holkar Marathas and 15,000 soldiers from Jatsikhs. Jats plundered 12 colonies of Delhi and finally reached Shahjahanabad Fort, blocking supplies of Najib ad-Dawlah. Saharanpur and other possessions of the Rohilla Chief were plundered by the Jats. The citizens of Delhi came out of the Fort to the Jat camp for corn and other supplies, it was the surrender of the city to the Jats.

After a siege of several months Najib ad-Dawlah appealed for peace. But Singh was determined to take revenge for his father, by severing the head of Najib ad-Dawlah. After several days, some Rohilla leaders came to Singh’s camp with Zubita Khan who sought the intervention of Maharaja Holkar. Holkar tried to persuade Singh to make peace on the condition that he would marry a Moghul Princess and the whole expenditure for war would be repaid by Najib ad-Dawlah.

Singh accepted this offer and returned to Bharatpur (partially) because of pressure from his chiefs, including Balram Singh and Mohanram. In February 1765 a treaty was signed on payment of Rs. 60 Lakhs as war indemnity and the hand of and Moghul Princess, who later married a Frenchman, Captain Samru. Singh brought the gates of the Chittorgarh Fort to Bharatpur from the Red Fort of Delhi

The throne of the Mughals, called the pride of the Mughals, and the doors of Red Fort as a memorial. The throne enhances the beauty of the palaces of Deeg. The doors are located in the Lohagarh Fort of Bharatpur.

References :-

  • Rajasthan [district Gazetteers].: Bharatpur. Printed at Government Central Press. 1971.
  • “India. Office of the Registrar General, India. Census Commissioner, India. Director of Census Operations, Haryana”. Census of India, 1981: Haryana, Part 10. Controller of Publications, Government of India. 1981.
  • Gupta, Kunj Bihari Lal (1969). The Evolution of Administration of the Former Bharatpur State, 1722-1947. VidyaBhawan.
  • “Punjabi University. Dept. of Punjab Historical Studies”. Proceedings, Volume 20. Publication Bureau, Punjab University. 1987.
  • Misra, S. C. (1981). Sindhia-Holkar Rivalry in Rajasthan. SundeepPrakashan
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