The Battle of Gujranwala was fought between the Durrani Empire and the Misldars in September 1761

Date :- September, 1761

Location :- Gujranwala

Result :- Misls Victory.

Belligerents :- Misls Vs Durrani Empire

Commanders and leaders :- Sardar Charat Singh with Hari Singh Dhillon Of Bhangi Vs Khawaja Abid Khan with Nur-ud-din.

Strength :-
10,000 Misls Army and 12,000 Durrani Empire Army

Battle :-
Ahmad Shah Durrani raided India in 1761 and defeated the Marathas in the Third Battle of Panipat in January 1761. He then returned to Kabul and appointed Khawaja Abid Khan the Afghan Governor of Lahore He wished to defeat the Misls in order to secure Afghan positions in the entire Punjab region but was defeated by a Misldar army under Bhatti Jat Chief Sardar Charat Singh in the Battle of Sialkot (1761).

As soon as Nur-ud-din arrived on the banks of the Chenab, he came into conflict with Sardar Charat Singh of the Sukerchakia Misl. Charat Singh, anticipating the trouble, had ready moved from his headquarters at Gujranwala to arrest the further progress of the Afghan general. He was assisted by the other Misldars who had made a common cause with him. Thus assuming the defensive with his army of trained men, Charat Singh awaited the onslaught of the Afghans whom after a battle of considerable duration he repulsed. He followed up his victory by maintaining a vigorous pursuit of the fugitives.

The Afghans, about 12,000 in number, fleeing pellmell, took refuge in the stronghold of Sialkot. The town was immediately besieged and the strictness of the watch was such as supplies gave out and the garrison was brought to the verge of starvation. Nur-ud-din, finding his men demoralized and starving, abandoned them to their fate and disguised as a beggar sought refuge in flight. The garrison immediately surrendered, and were allowed to depart in peace.

This victory over the well-trained troops of the greatest soldier of the day placed Charat Singh in the front rank of the Misl leaders, while the booty of Sialkot brought him a quantity of artillery and baggage. When all was over, Charat Singh made a triumphant entry into his capital, Gujranwala.

References :-

  • Gupta, Hari Ram (2007). History Of Sikhs Vol. 2 Evolution of Sikh Confederacies. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal
  • Grewal, J.S. (1990). The Sikhs of the Punjab. Cambridge University Press. p. 91
  • Singh, Khushwant (11 October 2004). A History of the Sikhs: 1469-1838 (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 146.
  • Raj Pal Singh (2004). The Sikhs : Their Journey of Five Hundred Years. Pentagon Press. p. 116
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