Coat Of Arms







Hindi Name


Time Period

12th century to early 14th century (kings of Sialkot)
14th century to 1620 century( Jagir of Vien Poin)
1620-1748 (Jagir of Sukerchak)
1748-1801 (Sukerchakia Misl)
1801-1849 (Lahore Empire)


520,000 km2


Lahore Empire Flag

Flag Of Lahore Empire


  • Maharaja Salbahan
  • Raja Manesh, was only King of Punjab, and had Sialkote for his Capital.
  • Raja Mun, was only King of Punjab, and had Sialkote for his Capital.
  • Raja Jondar, was only King of Punjab, and had Sialkote for his Capital.
  • Raja Ajaipal, was only King of Punjab, and had Sialkote for his Capital.
  • Raja Jai Gopal, was only King of Punjab, and had Sialkote for his Capital.
  • Raja Padam Ruth, was only King of Punjab, and had Sialkote for his Capital.
  • Chaudhary Bhuttee
  • Rajah Lakhan Pal, was King of the Punjab, and transferred his Capital to Lahore.
  • Rajah Sohanda, was King of the Punjab, his Capital was Lahore.
  • Rajah Sahunsar Pal, was King of the Punjab; his Capital was Lahore.
  • Chaudhary Dhiri, remained at Bhutner as a Sirdar.
  • Chaudhary Durs, remained at Bhutner as a Sirdar.
  • Chaudhary Geega, remained at Bhutner, and lost much of his position.
  • Chaudhary Shri Oughar, Chief of Vein Poin, migrated from Malwa and settled at Vein Poin(In Amritsar district) , appointed as Chaudhary by Imperial authorities, married and had issue.
  • Chaudhary Shri Kirto/Kirat Singh, Chief of Vein Poin, married and had issue.
  • Chaudhary Shri Viro/Vir Singh, Chief of Vein Poin, married and had issue.
  • Chaudhary Shri Maujo, Chief of Vein Poin, married and had issue.
  • Chaudhary Shri Khokhar, Chief of Vein Poin, married and had issue.
  • Chaudhary Shri Dhretraj, Chief of Vein Poin, married and had issue.
  • Chaudhary Shri Vega, Chief of Vein Poin, appointed Chaudhary by the Imperial authority, married and had issue.
    • Chaudhary Shri Gaazi(see below)
    • ???, married and had issue, Rajas of Ladwa.
  • Chaudhary Shri Gaazi, Chief of Vein Poin, founded Raja Sansi and Gaazipur, married and had issue.
  • Chaudhary Shri Aidul, jagirdar of Sukerchak, founded the village of Sukerchak and made it his headquarter,d. 1620,married and had issue.
  • Chaudhary Shri Thakt Mal, jagirdar of Sukerchak, appointed by Emperor Aurangjeb as the Chaudhary of Yusafpur, married and had issue.
  • Chaudhary Shri Bharra, jagirdar of Sukerchak, he accepted the Sikh faith, died 1679, married and had issue.
    • Chaudhary Budh Singh , Jagirdar Of Sukerchak , He accepted the Sikh Panth in the age of 9 Married and had issue.
      • Sardar Naudh Singh (see below)
      • Chanda Singh (see Raja Sansi)
  • Sardar Naudh Singh Sahib, 1st Misldhar of the Sukerchakia misl 1748/1752, b. 1670, married (amongst others) in 1720, Sardarni Lali Kaur, daughter of Sardar Gulab Singh of Majithia, and had issue, four sons. He was killed in an attack on Bhatto village in 1752.
    • Sardar Charat Singh (qv)
    • Sardar Dall Singh, born 1724.
    • Sardar Chet Singh [aka Jit Singh], born 1727.
    • Sardar Maghi Singh [aka Nan Singh], born 1732, he died sp.
    • Bibiji (name unknown) Kaur, married Sardar Dal Singh Kalianwala of Akalgarh (died 1823).
  • Sardar Charat Singh Sahib, 2nd Misldhar of the Sukerchakia misl 1752/1774, born about 1721, he distinguished himself at an early age in campaigns against Ahmad Shah Abdali and split from the Singhpuria Misl to establish the Sukerchakia Misl in Gujranwala in 1752, he attacked and plundered Eminabad, then captured Wazirabad, and in 1761 at Sialkot put the Afghans there to flight, he sacked Kassur in April 1763 and again engaged the Afghans at Sialkot in November 1763; married 1756, Sardarni Desan Kaur Gujranwala, died 1778, daughter of Sardar Amir Singh of Faizalpuria misl, and had issue. He was fatally wounded in a skirmish with the Bhangi misl in 1774 by the bursting of his own matchlock.
    • Sardar Mahan Singh (qv)
    • Sardar Suher Singh
    • Bibiji Raj Kaur, married Sardar Sahib Singh Gujratia, and had issue.
      • Bibiji (name unknown) Kaur, married Sardar Jodh Singh Kalalwala, and had issue.
        • Bibiji Khem Kaur, married 1816, Maharaja Kharak Singh of Lahore.
    • Bibiji (name unknown) Kaur, married Sardar Suhel Singh Bhangi, he died sp in 1781.
  • Sardar Mahan Singh Sahib, 3rd Misldhar of the Sukerchakia misl 1774/1792, born 1759, he built a fortress which he named Garhi Mahan Singh within the walled town of Gujranwala and increased the number of horsemen to 6,000, he then captured Rasulnagar from the Chatthas, and took Pindi Bhattian, Sahiwal, 'Isakhel and Jhang, in 1782, he sacked Jammu and came away with much booty, married 1stly, 1774, Sardarni Raj Kaur, a daughter of Raja Gajpat Singh of Jind, married 2ndly, Bibiji Mai Kaur, daughter of Jai Singh Mann of Mogalchak, and had issue. He died 1792.
    • Maharaja Ranjit Singh (qv)
  • Maharajadhiraja Shri RANJIT SINGH Bahadur, Sarkar-i-Wala, Sher-i-Punjab, Maharaja of Lahore 1801/1839 and Misldar of the Sukerchakia misl 1792/1801, born 13th November 1780 in Gujranwala, he assumed the title of Maharaja in April 1801, married 17 wives, and had issue. He died 27th June 1839 in Lahore.
    • Maharajadhiraj Kharak Singh Bahadur(by Rani Raj Kaur)(qv)
    • Kunwar Ishwar Singh (by Rani Mahtab Kaur), born 1804, died 1805.
    • Maharaja Sher Singh (twin, by Rani Mahtab Kaur)(qv)
    • Shahzada Tara Singh (twin, by Rani Mahtab Kaur), born in December 1807, he was an imbecile and was supported by his brother; in 1841, he went to his new jagir of Dasuya in Hoshiarpur, and his two wives came to Lahore and lived with Maharaja Sher Singh till his death; married 1stly, Rani Dharam Kaur Randhavi, died after 1889, daughter of Sardar Jodh Singh of Randhawa, married 2ndly, Rani Nand Kaur Bhitividwali, died 1843, daughter of Chanda Singh of Bhitivid, in Amritsar. He died sp in September 1859 at Dasuya in Hoshiarpur.
    • Sardar Multana Singh (by Rani Ratan Kaur), born 1819, married Rani Chand Kaur, and had issue. He died 1848.
      • Sardar Kishan Singh (by Chand Kaur), born 1840, he died after 1889.
      • Sardar Kesra Singh (by Chand Kaur), born 1842, married and had issue. He died before 1890.
        • Sardar Uttam Singh
      • Sardar Arjan Singh (by Man Kaur, concubine), born 1840, he served as a munsif in Punjab for many years, married and had issue. He died 1881.
        • Sardar Hari Siingh
    • Sardar Kashmira Singh (by Rani Daya Kaur), born 1821, he and his brother, held the llaka of Sialkot, worth Rs. 50,000, in jagir; he took refuge with Baba Bir Singh, a famous Sikh Guru, when Raja Hira Singh became Minister, and he was killed with the Baba and Sardar Atar Singh Sindhanwalia by the Sikh army in July 1848, married and had issue. He died 7th May 1844 or in July 1848.
      • Sardar Fateh Singh, born 1844, he rarely visited his estates and never took part in public affairs; married 1stly, Rani Lachman Kaur, daughter of Subedar Jawahir Singh, of Lohian, Gajranwala, was the owner of half the assigned villages in Baraich married had issue with one son , he died in 1869 -
        • Kunwar Pritvipal Singh, was born in 1875, was married to Rani Pritam Kaur, the daughter of Sardar Lal Singh Mann Of Moghalchak had issues with one daughter and five sons :-
          • Bibiji Raminderpal Kaur (b.1900-d.1994) , was married to Sardar Devinder Singh Of, Sohana , near Ambala.
          • Kunwar Raminder Pal Singh, was born in 1902, was married to daughter of Sardar Balwant Singh Of Nakai, was married had issues with two daughters :-
            • Bibiji Gitinder Pal Kaur
            • Bibiji Shivinder Pal Kaur, married to Shergill Jat Jagirdar Sardar Jasmer Singh Jaijee
          • Kunwar Mohinder Pal Singh, was born in 1905,was married had issue's with one son and daughter :-
            • Kunwar Dhurvinder Pal Singh
            • Bibiji Pushpinder Pal Kaur, was married to Sardar Amarjit Singh Of Bhadaur
          • Rajinder Pal Singh (d.1980), was died unmarried.
          • Bibiji Rajinder Pal Kaur, was married to Sardar Jagjit Singh Sandhu Of Siranwali.
          • Kunwar Bhupinder Pal Singh, was married had issue with one son :-
            • Kunwar Maheshwar Pal Singh
    • Sardar Peshaura Singh (by Rani Daya Kaur), born 1823, he was murdered by Fateh Khan Tiwana and Sardar Chatar Singh Atariwala at Attock in August 1844 by the orders of Sardar Jawahir Singh, the Minister; married and had issue. He died 30th August 1845.
      • Sardar Jagjodh Singh, born 1844, he and his cousin, were granted after annexation a joint jagir of Rs. 20,000 in Baraich, Oudh, now (1890) yielding Rs. 30,000 p.a., shortly after attaining his majority, he took up his residence permanently in Baraich, where he managed his half of the original jagir; he was chiefly distinguished for his very high personal character and his liberal and catholic benevolence; during the great Bengal famine of 1874 he devoted the whole of the income from his private property and assigned estates to the relief of the sufferers; a staunch ally of Government, and on morre than one occasion, he has given practical proof of his loyalty; he lived the life of a recluse, and rarely visited the Punjab, he was in receipt of a pension of Rs. 150 p.m., which was enjoyed by his mother until her death in 1872; married and had issues with two sons :-
        • Kunwar Amar Singh, born 1876, was married had issue with one son :-
          • Kunwar Gulzar Singh, was married had issues with two daughters and one son :-
            • Rani Jagdish Kaur, (b.1916), was married to Kunwar Manjit Inder Singh Brar Of Faridkot, she was died in 1996.
            • Bibiji Daljit Kaur (b.1918)
            • Daljit Singh, was married into Kalsia State , she was died issuless.
        • Shahzada Autar Singh, of Bhunga, was done there education with Imperial Cadet Corps (ICC), Dehra Dun. He was received Delhi Durbar Medal (1911). He was died in June 1924.
    • Kanwar Bhup Singh. Adopted by the Bhori Rani.
    • Sardar Khan. Adopted by the Rani Gul Begum.
    • HH Maharaja Duleep Singh (by Maharani Jindan Kaur)(qv)
  • Maharajadhiraj Shri KHARAK SINGH Bahadur, Maharaja of Lahore 1839/1840, born 31st January 1802, married 1stly, February 1812, Maharani Chand Kaur (qv), married 2ndly, 1816, Maharani Bibi Khem Kaur Dhillon, daughter of Sardar Jodh Singh Kalalwala, married 3rdly, 1818, Rani Kishan Kaur, daughter of Chaudhri Raja Singh of Samra, married 4thly (by chaddar-dalna), 1815, Rani Ishar Kaur, daughter (or sister) of Sardar Mangal Singh Sandhu of Siranwali, in Sialkot district of the Punjab, committed sati on 5th November 1840, and had issue. He died 4th November 1840 and was cremated the next day.
    • Maharajadhiraj Naunihal Singh Bahadur (by Chand Kaur)(qv)
  • Maharajadhiraj Shri NAUNIHAL SINGH Bahadur, Maharaja of Lahore 1840 (4th to 5th November), born 9th March 1821, married 1stly, in March 1837, Maharani Sahib Kaur [Bibiji Nanaki], died November 1856, daughter of Sardar Shyam Singh Attariwala, married 2ndly, Rani Sahib Kaur, died 1841, daughter of Sardar Gurditt Singh Gilwaliwala, married 3rdly, Rani Bhadauran, committed sati in November 1840, daughter of Sardar Jawahar Singh of Bhadaur, married 4thly, Rani Katochan, committed sati in November 1840, daughter of Mian Rai Singh, illegitimate son of Mian Fateh Singh of Lambagraon. He died sp on 5th November 1840.
    • Maharajkumar (name unknown) Singh, born in July 1841.
  • Maharani Shri Chand Kaur, Maharani of Lahore 1840/1841, born 1802 in Fatehpur, daughter of Sardar Jaimal Singh of the Kanhaiya misl, proclaimed the Maharani of the Punjab, with the title of Malika Muqaddasa (Emperess Immaculate) on 2nd December 1840, she relinquished her claim to the throne on 17th January 1841 and was pensioned off with a jagir worth 900,000 rupees annually, married February 1812, Maharaja Kharak Singh, and had issue. She died 12th June 1842 and was cremated the next day.
  • Maharajadhiraj Shri SHER SINGH Bahadur, Maharaja of Lahore 1841/1843, born December 1807, ascended the throne on 29th January 1841, with the tilak ceremony being performed a week later, married 1stly, 1819, Rani Desa Kaur, she died sp in 1821, daughter of Sardar Mohar Singh Nakai, married 2ndly, 1822, Maharani Prem Kaur, born 1809, died 1874, daughter of Hari Singh, a Waraich Jat, Lambardar of Ladhewala in the Gajranwala district, she received an annual pension of Rs7,200 after 1843, she adopted a son, Narain Singh, son of Attar Singh, of Bhano Bhindi, in the Sialkot district, married 3rdly, 1825, Maharani Pratap Kaur, died 23rd August 1857, daughter of Sardar Jagat Singh, Chaudhri of Kot Kapura, she adopted Thakar Singh in 1847, he was the son of her cousin, Sardar Gaja Singh, married 4thly, July 1842, Rani Dakno Devi, daughter of a Chang Zamindar of Jhujian, near Lambagraon, in Kangra, she and her son accompanied Maharaja Duleep Singh to Fatehgarh in November 1849, and afterwards lived at Bareily in the North-West Provinces, she died at Rai Bareilly as prisoner of the British, married (a) 1841, Rani Dharam Kaur Randhavi, died after 1889, daughter of Sardar Jodh Singh of Randhawa, and wife of his 'twin' brother, married (b) 1841, Rani Nand Kaur Bhitividwali, died 1843, daughter of Chanda Singh of Bhitivid, in Amritsar, and also wife of his 'twin' brother, married (c), Rani Zebo Kaur, died 1864, and had issue. He was assasinated on 15th September 1843
    • Tikka Pratap Singh (by Prem Kaur), born 1831, he was brutally murdered by Sardar Lehna Singh Sandhanwalia on the 15th September 1843.
    • Sardar Dewa Singh (by Chand Kaur), born 1838, he was in receipt of an annual pension of Rs7,200. He died 1874.
    • Shahzada Bahadur Shah Dev Singh (by Rani Dakno Devi), born 1843 [1844], in 1864, he was granted a property of eight villages and two mahals in pargana Rae Bareli, and three villages and one mahal in Dalmau pargana, on a revenue-free tenure, he further acquired three villages in Kumhrawan, and one village and two mahals in Rae Bareli, and increased still further by the addition of three mahals and four pattis in Rae Bareli and one mahal in Dalmau, the whole estate is known as the Taluq of Pandriganeshpur; married in April 1860, a daughter of Sardar Fateh Singh, Jagirdar of Suga (see Shamgarh), and had issue. He died at Rae Bareli as a prisoner of the British before 1904.
      • Kunwar Sukh Dev Singh
      • Shahzada Bas Dev Singh [Basudeo Singh], Taluqdar of Pandriganeshpur, Baenti, Gokalpur etc., after his death the estate was inherited by his nephew, the Maharaja of Dholpur. He died after 1903 and before 1930.
      • HH Maharani Harbans Kaur, married Maj. HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaja Rana Nihal Singh Lokindra Bahadur Diler Jung Jai Deo of Dholpur, and had issue.
        • Lt.-Col. HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Saramad Rajha-i-Hind Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaja Rana Sir Udaibhan Singh Lokindra Bahadur Diler Jung Jai Deo of Dholpur.
    • Kunwar Kour Karam Singh, Jagirdar Of Mukerian, was born in 1838, he was adopted by Rani Dharm Kaur Of Lahore (also known as Rani Randhawi's) , she was the first wife of Shahzada Tara Singh , was married to Rani Sohan Kaur second with Rani Kishen Kaur and both the Ranis were granted pensions by the British, During the summer month's , Kunwar Kour Karam Singh along with his family, often shayed at Dasuya Fort, had issues with two sons and two daughter's , He died in 1896 :-
      • Kunwar Raghbir Singh, (b.1870), was married had issues with two sons, he died in 1934 :-
        • Kunwar Balwant Singh (b.1895-d.1977), was married had issues with two sons :-
          • Kunwar Ajaypal Singh (b.1991)
          • Kunwar Sarpreet Singh
        • Meetpal Singh (b.1956)
      • Udham Singh (b.1891-d.1911)
      • Rajkumari Parsin Kaur, married to Sidhu Jat Jagirdar Sardar Autar Singh Of Bhadaur
      • Rajkumari Pritam Kaur, married to Virk Jat Jagirdar Sardar Davinder Singh Virk Of Ghanauli
    • Kunwar Rachhpal Singh (b.1883), was married had issues with two sons , he died in 1946:-
      • Kunwar Jagwant Singh, was born in 1914, was married had issues with one daughter and son :-
        • Rajkumari Kamalinderjit Kaur, was married to Liet. Colonel Surjit Singh Dhillon
        • Liet. Colonel Kunwar Iqbal Inder Singh, was married had issues with four sons and three daughter :-
          • Kunwar Harkirat Singh
          • Kunwar Ravkirat Singh
          • Rajkumari Hartashika Kaur
          • Kunwar Harinderjit Singh, was married had issues with three childrens :-
            • Rajkumari Jasleen Kaur
            • Rajkumari Harkiran Kaur
            • Kunwar Chiranjeev Singh
          • Liet. Colonel Kunwar Dalinderjit Singh, was served in the Indian Army till 1965. He later retired as Lieutenant Colonel, and settled in Patiala. In 1970, he was Commissioned in the Indian Air Force, as a fighter pilot, and fought in the liberation of Bangladesh the following year. Accordingly, he was awarded the Ati Vishisht Sewa Medal (AVSM) in 2000 and the Param Vishisht Sewa Medal in 2008 by the President of India. He retired on September 30, 2009. He is married to Sardarni Inderpreet Kaur, daughter of Sardar Ajaib Singh Machhaki, had issues with two daughters , These days he is primarily preoccupied with managing his agricultural farms in Uttarakhand.
            • Rajkumari Puneet Kaur, a Commercial Pilot and Jaineet Kaur a Corporate Lawyer.
            • Rajkumari Jaineet Kaur
          • Rajkumari Bharvinder Pal Kaur (deceased)
          • Kunwar Nripinder Pal Singh, was died issueless
          • Rajkumari Opinder Pal Kaur (deceased)
          • Rajkumari Vishvinder Pal Kaur
      • Liet Colonel Kunwar Joginder Singh, was born in 1918,was served in the Indian Army, and retired as a "Lieutenant Colonel". then he settled down at his agricultural farm in the terai region of Uttar Pradesh, he was married twice , had issues with two sons from first wife and four childrens from second wife , he died in 1994 :-
        • Kunwar Karan Vir Singh, (from 1st wife) , was born in 1938, was served in indian army from 1962 to 1995, and retired "Lieutenant Colonel" from the Regiment of Artillery and settled down in Zirakpur (town in Mohali, Punjab) ,He was awarded " Mention-in-Dispatches" for his work in the Kargil Operations and is presently settled in New Zealand was married had issues with two sons :-
          • Kunwar Beant Vir Singh
          • Kunwar Jaskarn Vir Singh
        • Kunwar Harinder Vir Singh (from 1st wife)
        • Rajkumari Jyotiinder Kaur
        • Rajkumari Malvinder Kaur
        • Rajkumari Rubinder Kaur
        • Colonel Kunwar Jagamohanjit Singh
    • Sardar Bakshish Singh, he was adopted by Rani Zebo Kaur, they both enjoyed a jagir of Rs10,000 in Khanwan and other villages of Gurdaspur previous to the British annexation in 1849 when the grant was reduced to one of Rs. 5,916 per annum. On the death of Rani Zebo in 1864 the allowance was further reduced to Rs. 1,968, which Sardar Bakhshish Singh he enjoyed till his death.
    • Sardar Narain Singh, he was adopted by Rani Prem Kaur, a Munsif in the Panjab, in receipt of a political pension of Rs. 2,400 per annum; married and had issue.
      • Kunwar Harnam Singh, born 1878.
      • Kunwar Attar Singh, born 1879.
      • Kunwar Kishan Singh, was married to Kunwarrani Kartar Kaur Sahiba, had issues with two sons and daughter :-
        • Brigadier Kunwar Gajinder Singh , was born in 1908, was done there education from Aitchison College, Lahore.and was an accomplished cricketer and sportsmen, after leaving college, he attended the Prince Of Wales Royal Indian Military College (now Rashtriya Indian Military College) in Dehradun. And later joined the Indian army.he was commissioned into the Indian Army in 1936, and served with the 2nd Battalion Argyll & Southern Highlanders. Thereafter, he served in Thailand with the First Battalion of the 14th Punjab Regiment known as the 'Sherdils'. As a young officer, he served in various operational roles in the volatile region of the NorthWest Frontier Province, now in Pakistan.In March 1938, as a Lieutenant, armed only with a pistol, he single-handedly fought of Pathan tribesmen who had indulged in open looting and attacked female passengers in civilian buses in the North. West Frontier Province. General Sir John Coleridge (1878-1951), the General Officer Commanding (GOC) of Northern Command in India had officially commended him for his heroic actions. He was transferred to the 9th Battalion of the 9th Jat Regiment, and served in Malaya (Malaysia) during the Second World War. He was promoted to the rank of Major in 1944, and was the officiating Commandant of the battalion. He attended staff College at Quetta (Pakistan and later became the first Indian commandant of the Jat Regimental Centre at Barely, In 1959, he was transferred to the Ordnance Branch and served as Brigadier in all three (then existing) commands of the Indian Army, was retired after a distinguished service from the army in 1960, later becoming the director of NCC, Punjab, and then he settled in Chandigarh. He was married to Kunwarrani Sawinder Kaur, the daughter of Sardar Bahadur Captain Hira Singh, OBI (Sikh Regiment) who was the elder cousin brother of Sardar Sewa Singh Thikriwala, had issues had issues with five daughters, He died after a brief illness in 1991 :-
          • Bibiji Kanwarjit Kaur, is married to Sidhu Jat Jagirdar Sardar Ganga Deepinder Singh Phoolka Of Bhadaur
          • Bibiji Amarjit Kaur, is married to Liet. Colonel Surjit Singh Padda ( Rajput Regiment)
          • Bibiji Paramjit Kaur, is married to Sidhu Jat Jagirdar Brigadier Sardar Karampal Singh Sidhu (62 Cavalry) of Chak Sherwala
          • Bibiji Inderjit Kaur (d.1962)
          • Bibiji Jasjit Kaur, (d.1987), was married to Shergill Jat Jagirdar Sardar Girijit Singh Majithia
        • Bibiji Mohinder Kaur, was married to Sandhu Jat Jagirdar Colonel Sardar Gurpuran Singh Of Thethar
        • Captain Kunwar Kashmira Singh, was married had issue with one son :-
          • Kunwar Kunwarjit Singh
    • Sardar Thakur Singh, born 1847, son of Sardar Raja Singh of Kot Kapura, he was adopted by Rani Pratap Kaur in 1847, and on her death he was granted a pension of Rs. 1,800 per annum, which he enjoyed till his death, he served for some years as a Munsif, and afterwards he lived with his brother-in-law the Raja of Faridkot.
  • Maharajadhiraj Shri DULEEP SINGH Bahadur GCSI, Maharaja of Lahore [15.9.1843- [29.3.1849] and Head of the Royal Family of Lahore [29.3.1849] - [23.10.1893], born 5th September 1838, married 1stly, 6th July 1864 in Cairo, HH Maharani Bamba Müller, born 1847, died 18th September 1887 in Suffolk, married 2ndly, May 1889 in Paris, Ada Douglas Wetherill, born 1867, died August 1930, and had issue. He died 23rd October 1893 in Paris.
    • HH Maharaja Victor Albert Jay Duleep Singh (qv)
    • HH Maharaja Frederick Victor Duleep Singh (qv)
    • Princess Bamba Sofia Jindan Duleep Singh, born 29th September 1869 in London, married Dr. Sutherland. She died sp on 3rd October 1957 in Lahore.
    • Princess Catherine Hilda Duleep Singh, born 27th October 1871, died sp in 1947.
    • Princess Sophia Alexandra Duleep Singh, born 8th August 1876, died sp on 22nd August 1948.
    • Prince Albert Edward Alexander Dhuleep Singh, born 20th August 1879 in Suffolk, died 22nd April 1893 in Suffolk.
    • Princess Paulina Alexandra Duleep Singh, born 26th December 1887, married J.S. Torry. She died sp.
    • Princess Ada Irene Helen Beryl Duleep Singh, born 25th October 1889, married M.Villement. She died sp in October 1926 in Monaco.
  • HH Maharaja SIR VICTOR ALBERT JAY DULEEP SINGH, 'Maharaja of Lahore' 1893/1918, born 10th July 1866 in London, married 4th January 1898, Lady Anne Blanche Coventry, born 27th January 1874, died sp on 2nd July 1956, daughter of Lord George William Coventry, 9th Earl of Coventry, and his wife, Lady Blanche Craven. He died sp on 7th June 1918.
  • HH Maharaja SIR FREDERICK VICTOR DULEEP SINGH, 'Maharaja of Lahore' 1918/1926, born 28th January 1868 in London, he died unmarried spl on 15th August 1926 in Norfolk.
    • Chales Goddard (by a Miss Godard), born 1888, married Ada Stevens, and had issue.
      • Stanley Goddard, born 1914, married Olwen Roberts, and had issue.
        • Robert Godard, born 1944, married and has issue.

  • Pedigree table prepared by Maharaja Duleep Singh Sandhanwalia , displayed at Sikh Gallery Musemu, Lahore Fort, Pakistan.
  • Shizra Nisab, 1852-1853 , from the Government Revenue Record, Village Rajasansi, Tehsil Ajnala, District Amritsar.
  • The Punjab Chief's -1865, by Lepel .H.Griffin, Published In Lahore.
  • Shizra Nisab 1938-1939, Government Revenue Record , Village Raja Sansi, Amritsar



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Budh Singh Sukerchakia an affluent Bhatti Jat Jagirdar of Sukerchak in the Majha tract of the Punjab, was the first historically known ancestor of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. His original name was Desu Singh. He was…

Naudh Singh Sukerchakia

NAUDH SINGH (d. 1752), son of Bhatti Jat Jagirdar Chaudhary Buddha Singh ( Later Sardar Buddha Singh), was great-grandfather of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. He was a brave and daring man who applied his energies to…

Mahan Singh Sukarchakia

MAHAN SINGH (d. 1790), son of Sardar Charat Singh Sandhanwalia of Shukarchakkia misl, was young in years when his father died. During his minority, his mother, Mai Desan, carried on the administration, with the help…

Charat Singh Sukarchakia

CHARAT SINGH (d. 1770), grandfather of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, was the eldest of the four sons of Sardar Naudh Singh. He took to arms while still very young and started taking part in the raids…

Maharaja Duleep Singh Of Lahore

MAHARAJA DULEEP SINGH (1838-1893), the last sovereign of the Lahore Empire, was born at Lahore on 6 September 1838, the youngest son of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. On 18 September 1843, at the age of five,…

Maharaja Ranjit Singh Of Lahore

RANJIT SINGH (1780-1839), Maharaja of the Punjab, popularly called Sher-i- Punjab, i.e. the Lion of the Punjab, was the most colourful, the most powerful and yet the most endearing figure in the history of the…

Maharani Jind Kaur

JIND KAUR, MAHARANI (1817-1863), popularly known as “ Jindan” , was wife of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and mother of Maharaja Duleep Singh, the last sovereign of the Sikh Empire. She was daughter of Jagirdar Sardar…


Kohinoor trends in India after Queen’s death; precious diamond’s origin, history and ownership explained

The centuries-long journey of Kohinoor to the crown of Queen Elizabeth II, and now Camilla

Maharaja Ranjit Singh death anniversary: Read how his son, last king of Sikh empire, was converted to Christianity and ‘lost’ the Kohinoor to British

Ranjit Singh held his own against invaders

Sher-e-Punjab Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s summer retreat

The Throne of Maharaja Ranjit Singh

Physical Description :- Octagonal throne, of waisted shape, with 8 feet and handles at narrowest part. The throne has a raised, solid back, with supports on the left and right side, from which tassles hang.…

Prince Frederick Duleep Singh

Prince Frederick Duleep Singh was born on the 23 January 1868, at Rutland Gate, Knights bridge. He was baptised four months later at Elveden church on the 2 May 1868 as Frederick Victor Jay Duleep…

Princess Sophia Duleep Singh Of Lahore

Princess Sophia, the youngest of the Maharaja Duleep Singh Of Lahore among three daughters with Maharani Bamba. She was born on the 8 August 1876. She was christened Sophia Jindan Alexdr own a Duleep Singh,…

14 years on, Summer Palace of Maharaja Ranjit Singh finally opens for public

An Irresistible Memento

The Anti-Nazi Punjabi Princess

Lesser-known tales about the Last Maharaja of Punjab

महाराजा रणजीत सिंह की वो घोड़ी जिसे हासिल करने के लिए हज़ारों जानें गईं

Ridley Scott brings latest blockbuster All the Money in the World to film in Suffolk

Authorities fail to throw open Ranjit Singh’s memorabilia to public

Sher Singh’s baradari and samadhi — an unnoticed fragment of history

The Little-Known History Behind the People of Color Who Joined the Royal Family Long Before Meghan

Necklace Of Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s Wife Sold For 187,000 Pounds In UK

Remembering Maharaja Ranjit Singh: His Legacy Continues To Shape Our Nation Down To The Present Day

Sprawling London mansion, once home to Maharaja Duleep Singh’s son, goes on sale for 15.5 mn pounds

Sophia Duleep Singh –Heroic Suffragette Princess

Phillaur Fort, Phillaur

Braving the ravages of time

Maharani Jindan Kaur: ‘One of the most remarkable characters of 19th century history’

Maharaja Ranjit Singh named greatest world leader in BBC Poll


Battle of Randpum, February, 1785

The death of Haqiqat Singh was a great loss to Jai Singh. Besides Haqiqat Singh’s son Jaimal Singh whom he had recently married to Sahib Kaur, daughter of Maharaja Amar Singh, instigated Jai Singh to…

The battle of Naushahra, February, 1885

Sardar Jai Singh Of Kanhiya suddenly realized his mistake and made up his mind to fight the enemy. He retired from the battlefield and collected his troops and munitions. Jassa Singh Ramgarhia and Sansar Chand…

Siege of Miani, 1796

Rani Sada Kaur Of Kanhiya was the widow of Gurbakhsh Singh Kanhiya who had been killed in the battle with Jassa Singh. She was a very clever woman. She had married her only daughter to…

Maharaja Ranjit Singh Helped the Ruler of Kangra (1807)

The Gurkhas of Nepal planned the conquest and occupation of the whole of Himachal Pradesh. After conquering Sirmur, Garhwal and Nalagarh the Gorkhas proceeded towards Kangra under the command of Amar Singh Thapa. Raja Sansar…

Capture of Bhangi territories By Mahan Singh Sukerchakia

Cheit Singh, youngest brother of Gujar Singh, had come to help- the Chathas. Mahan Singh arrested him and imprisoned him in the fort of Gujranwala. Raj Kaur, sister of Mahan Singh and wife of Sahib…

Conquest of Jehlam town, May, 1767

Jehlam town stood on the right bank of river Jehlam. There was. no bridge over the river. A number of boats were kept on both side* to carry passengers across it. Its right bank was…

Kanaihyas Occupied Kangra

The fort of Kangra was surrounded on three sides by steep and high precipices. It was a grand edifice of stone. The hill on which the fort stood was nearly 5 kms in circuit. With…

Mahan Singh’s second sack of Jammu, 1786

In the first expedition the people of Jammu alone had been sacked. The Raja’s palaces and treasury had remained untouched, for the simple reason that the loot acquired from them was enormous. Now was the…

Mahan Singh’s first sack of Jammu, January, 1784

For his ambitious plan to consolidate himself in the possession of north-west Panjab by expelling the Bhangis and by subduing the independent and refractory Muslim chiefs, Mahan Singh needed money. It was not available anywhere…

Annexation of Peshawar to Lahore Kingdom (1834)

Dost Muhammad led a large army towards Peshawar. He gave the slogan of a crusade against the Sikhs and also sought the help of the chiefs of Kunduz, Qandhar, Derajat, Bahawalpur, etc., but received cold…

Expeditions against Sayyid Ahmad (1827-31)

In 1 827, news came from Peshawar that one Khalifa Sayyid Ahmad had created a stir among the Yusufzais. 182 Sayyid Ahmad, formerly known as Mir Ahmad, was the resident of Barelli. 183 Khalifa incited…

Malwa Campaigns (1806-08)

From 1806 to 1808, Ranjit Singh led three campaigns into the cis-Saduj areas. In 1806, there cropped up a sharp dispute between Patiala and Nabha over the possession of village Daladi, barely 2 kms from…

Battle Of Dinpur – 1782

The grouping and regrouping of the Sikh Jat confederacies was taking place frequently. The Kanhiyas made up their differences with the Bhangis, and seized the territory which had been restored to the Jammu Raja. Brij…

The Siege Of Sodhra , 1791

Before concluding this chapter one more conflict which took place between the Bhangis and the Sukarchakias may be related. Gujar Singh Bhangi had three sons, Sukha Singh, Sahib Singh and Fatah Singh. A quarrel arose…

Abdali’s General Nur-ud-din Is Defeatedby Charat Singh Of Sukerchakia, C. August 1761

Ahmad Shah Abdali had neither forgotten nor forgiven The Sikhs for harassing him during his retreat through the Punjab On his return from Delhi. But he had then been too much hampered by the rebellious…

Khwajah abed defeated by the Routed By The Jat Sikhs at Gujranwala , September 1761

The recent victories of the Sikhs emboldened them to infest the very neighbourhood of Lahore. Their violence increased so much that the collection of the revenues stopped at every place. Khwajah Abed Khan in view…


VADDA GHALLUGHARA, lit. major holocaust or carnage, so called to distinguish it from another similar disaster, Chhota (minor) Ghallughara that took place in 1746, is how a one day battle between the Dal Khalsa and…

Battle of Gujrat –1849

The Battle of Gujrat was a decisive battle in the Second Anglo-Sikh War, fought on 21 February 1849, between the forces of the East India Company, and a Sikh army in rebellion against the Company's…

Battle of Ramnagar

The Battle of Ramnagar (sometimes referred to as the Battle of Rumnuggur) was fought on 22 November 1848 between British East India Company and Sikh Empire forces during the Second Anglo-Sikh War. The British were…

Battle of Sirhind (1764)

The Battle of Sirhind was fought between Durrani Empire and Misldars in 1764. Date :- 26 February 1764 Location :-Sirhind Result :- Misls victory (Misldars capture Sirhind). Belligerents :- Misls Vs Durrani Empire Commanders and…

Siege of Lahore (1761)

The Misldars occupation of Lahore took place in 1761 when the Misaldars besieged Lahore and captured it after facing no opposition from Durrani forces Date :- 27 October 1761 Location :- Lahore Result:- Misls Victory…

Battle of Sialkot (1763)

The Battle of Sialkot was fought between the Durrani Empire led by Jahan Khan and the Sukerchakia Misl Chief Sardar Charat Singh on November 12 1763. Battle of Sialkot (Part of Indian Campaign of Ahmad…

Battle of Sialkot (1761)

The Battle of Sialkot was fought between Durrani Empire and Sukerchakia Misl of Dal Khalsa in 1761. Date:- August, 1761 Location :-Sialkot Result:- Sukerchakia Misl Victory Belligerents :- Sukerchakia Misl Vs Durrani Empire. Commanders and…

Battle of Shopian -1819

The Battle of Shopian took place on 3 July 1819 between an expeditionary force from the Sikh Empire and Jabbar Khan, the governor of the Kashmir Valley province of the Durrani Empire. It was the…

Charat Singh Harasses Abdali Retreat, Sack Of Kartarpur & Amritsar By Durranis – 1757

The town of Kartarpur (near Jalandhar) was subjected to plunder and indiscriminate killings. The Gurdwaras were set on fire and razed to the ground. Similar thing happened in Amritsar. The holy tank (of Darbar Sahib)…

Battle of Gujranwala (1761)

The Battle of Gujranwala was fought between the Durrani Empire and the Misldars in September 1761 Date :- September, 1761 Location :- Gujranwala Result :- Misls Victory. Belligerents :- Misls Vs Durrani Empire Commanders and…

Battle of Chillianwala (1849)

The Battle of Chillianwala was fought in January 1849 during the Second Anglo-Sikh War in the Chillianwala region of Punjab (Mandi Bahauddin), now part of modern-day Pakistan. The battle was one of the bloodiest fought…

Battle of Aliwal – 1846

The Battle of Aliwal was fought on 28 January 1846 between British and Lahore forces in northern India (now Punjab). The British were led by Sir Harry Smith, while the Lahore Army were led by…

Battle of Buddowal – 21st Jan 1846

A temporary cessation of hostilities followed the battle of Ferozeshah. The English were not in a position to assume the offensive and waited for heavy guns and reinforcements to arrive from Delhi. Lal Singh and…

Victory Over Lahore – 1799

Mian Muhmmad Ashiq and Mehar Mohkamuddin of Nawankot were the principal Chaudhris of Lahore. They promised cooperation and invited Ranjit Singh to come and capture the city & fort. Ranjit Singh deputed QaziAbdur Rahman of…

Conquest Of Jammu

Jammu was tributary to the Sukarchakia Misl, but the tribute had not been paid for many years. Diwan Amar Nath says that on his return from Bhasin, in 1800 Ranjit Singh thought of annexing Jammu.…

Battle of Balakot 1831

In 1830, Syed Ahmad Barelvi defeated Sultan Mohd Khan, the chief of Peshawar who paid tribute to Bhatti Jatsikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Syed started mobilizing people against the Sikhs and made plans to attack…

Battle of Peshawar 1835

Sher-E-Punjab Maharaja Ranjit Singh annexed Peshawar in 1834 which was a tributary since 1818 which was governed by Yar Mohd Khan and then by Sultan Mohd Khan who were the brothers of Amir Dost Mohd…

Army Composition Of Ranjit Singh – C 1794 (Before He Became Maharaja) & Sardar Maha Singh

The following can also be deemed as army composition of Bhatti Jatsikh ruler Sardar Maha Singh, father of Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Sukarchakia Misl who died in 1792 (1790 as per Encyclopaedia of Sikhism). The…

Maharaja Ranjit Singh & Shah Zaman’s 4th Invasion & Diplomacy 1798-99

Shah Zaman again reached Lahore and on 24th November 1798 he sent a detachment of 10,000 troops to Amritsar. Bhatti and Dhillon Jat rulers Maharaja Ranjit Singh and Sardar Sahib Singh Bhangi the head of…

Maharaja Ranjit Singh & Shah Zaman’s Invasions Of Punjab 1795-97

Shah Zaman, ruler of Afghanistan first invasion took place from December 1793 to March 1794. The Shah halted at Peshawar. After a sharp skirmish with Milkha Singh of Rawalpindi it returned to Peshawar & then…

Battle of Jamrud 1837

In the beginning of 1837, the Maharaja and all his courtiers got fully busy in the preparations of Maharaja’s grandson Prince NauNihal Singh’s marriage. Hari Singh Nalwa was left with a small force and was…

Maharaja Ranjit Singh & Conquest of Kashmir – 1819

In April 1819 Sultan Khan of Bhimbar agreed he would cooperate with Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s army in its advance to the valley of Kashmir. Pandit Birbaldhar with his son Raj Kak on behalf of Pandit…

Laili/Laila Horse & Maharaja Ranjit Singh

The Austrian traveler Charles von Hügel met Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1835 at Lahore later wrote in his travelogue that Maharaja told him that it cost him Rs 60 lakh rupees and 12,000 soldiers to…

Battle Of Saidu 1827

The Raebareli (UP) born Syed Ahmad Barelvi had declared Jihad against Bhatti Jatsikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh just because he happened to be non-Muslim ruler. The Syed thought he would replace Maharaja first and then…

Maharaja Ranjit Singh & Kashmir – First Victory 1813

Captain A. Mathews was at Lahore in April 1808 and notes that Maharaja had sent spies to Kashmir to report about the condition of the road from Bhimbar to Srinagar, and political situation in the…

Maharaja Ranjit Singh Victory over Attock -1814

Attock was annexed in 1813 by Sher E Punjab in 1814, Yar Muhammad Khan, governor of Peshawar, with the help of the Khataks of Khairabad district, attacked the fort of Attock. Hukma Singh Chimni and…

Battle Of Attock 1813

Jahandad Khan Governor of Attock willingly submitted to Maharaja Ranjit Singh in February 1813 when his real brother Ata Mohd Khan, Governor of Kashmir was defeated and removed by Wazir Fatah Khan of Kabul. This…

Battle Of Naushahra 14 March 1823

Azim Khan, Prime Minister of Afghanistan was displeased with his brother Yar Muhammad Khan, Governor of Peshawar, for his submission to Ranjit Singh. He declared a holy war against the Sikhs. Ranjit Singh rushed from…

Maharaja Ranjit Singh’ Victory Over Peshawar – 1818

Wazir Fatah Khan was killed in August 1818 & the government of Afghanistan fell into confusion. Ranjit Singh took advantage of the political situation at Kabul. In October 1818, he captured Khairabad and its neighbouring…

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