BIBI PARDHAN KAUR OF PATIALA (1718-1792), was Patiala princess, better known as Bibi Pardhan, was the daughter of Raja Ala Singh Of Patiala, founder of the family. She was born in 1718 at Bhadaur, in present day Sangrur district of the Punjab. She was married to Randhawa Jat ChiefMohar Singh Randhawa, of the village of Ramdas in Amritsar district.Her only son, Rup Singh, died young, and her husband also met with a premature end.
These tragedies led BIbi Pardhan, to retire to her parental home at Barnala where she spent her time in prayer and meditation. The motto in her personal seal read “ndm jape seipardhdn” he alone who spends his time repeating God`s Name is the ranked one. Raja Ala Singh gave her a Jagir and appointed Bhai Nikka Singh, a disciple of Baba Larigar Singh, who started the Maghi fair at Muktsar in memory of the Forty Martyrs, to teach her Punjabi and Sanskrit. For the residence of Bhai Nikka Singh, Bibi Pardhan had a dharamshala built at Barnala which is now famous as Dera Baba Gandha Singh.

She had four more dharamsalas built, one each at Malerkotla,Jagraori, Raikot and Patiala. She is said to have written a commentary of Yoga Vasistha, a Sanskrit work, into Bhakha, i.e. earlier Hindi. She also started a school for religious instruction and a free langar. Pardhan Kaur died at Sekha in 1792 where a Samadhi honours her memory.

References :-

  • Kirpal Singh, Maharaja Ala Singh Ji of Patiala and His Times. Amritsar, 1954
  • Atma Singh, Patiala ShdhtGharanedidnSfirlnrDevidn. Patiala, n.d.
  • Gurcharan Singh, Giani, ItihdsDera Baba Gandha Singh. Barnala, 1978
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