Coat Of Arms

Patiala

Information

Dynasty

Sidhu

Princely State

Patiala

Hindi Name

पटियाला

Area

15,389.78 km²(1914)

Revenue

Rs 1,50,18,000(1914)

Time Period

14th century-1618 (Kingdom of Bidowal, 1618-1763j (Jagir of Mehraj), 1763-1947 (Kingdom of Patiala)

History

flag

Flag of Patiala

The Rulers of Patiala were the head of the Phulkian Houses (all descended from Chaudhary Phul a Sidhu Jat of Brar sept). The ancestors of Phul were rulers of Bidowal. Rao Shri Paur the ancestor of the Phulkians rebelled against his brother Rao Shri Dhur, the ruler of Bhatinda(see Faridkot) and received the territory of Bidowal.

Sanghar, a fifth-generation descendant of Paur became very powerful. He helped Babar in 1524 CE at Lahore, when Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodi on 21st April 1526, in which Sanghar was killed at the battle of Panipat. In recognition of his service, Babar gave the Chaudhriyat of the waste country to the southwest of Delhi to Sanghar’s son, whose name he changed to Bariam, meaning, Buhadar. This office was confirmed on Bariam by Humayun, Babar’s son and successor. Bariam lived at Neli and rebuilt Bidowal. He and his grandson Suttoh were killed in a battle with the Bhattis in about 1560 CE. Bariam left two sons, namely, Mehraj or Maharaj, and Garaj. Suttoh, son of Maharaj, had three sons, namely, Pukko, Lukko, and Chaho. Pukko was killed in a battle with the Bhatties but left two sons, Habbal and Mohan. Mohan had two sons, Rup Chand and Kala. Rup Chand had two sons, Sandali and Phul. Mohan defeated the Bhatties at Bhidowal and received the Chaudhriyat. Under the advice of Guru Har Govind, the sixth of the Sikh prophets, he founded the village Mehraj or Maharaj. Twenty two villages have grown out of this village and their descendants are called Maharaj kian Sidhus. Mohan and his son Rup Chand were killed in a battle with the Bhatties in about 1618 CE. Then, Kala succeeded to the Chaudhriyat and the guardianship of Phul and Sandali. Soon after Mohan’s death, Guru Har Govind visited Bhidowal andblessed Sandali and Phul that the boys shall feed thousands and Phul shall bear many blossoms.

Phul’s mother was Mai Umbi, a Jat woman. He was taught by a fakir and learned the art of feigning death by holding his breath. In the year 1627, he founded a village after his name. He received a deed of grant from Emperor Shah Jahan confirming the Chaudhriyat office upon him. Phul had seven children and many descendants fulfilling the prophecy of Guru Har Govind. By his first wife, Bali, the daughter of a zamindar of Dilami in Nabha, he had three sons, Tiloka, Rama, and Rughu, and one daughter, Rami or Ram Kaur, also known as Fatoh. Ram Kaur was married to a Sardar of Ram Das. The houses of Nabha, Jhind, and Badrukhan have descended from Tilokha. The houses of Bhadour, Patiala, and Malaud descend from Rama. The Sikhs of Jiundan descend from Rughu. Phul had a second wife Raj ji from Sidhani. From this marriage he had three sons, Channu, Jhandhu, and Takhat Mal.

The descendant Channu and Takhat Mal are known as Laudhgharian Sikhs of the village Gumti. Jhandhu had no children. Phul died in the village of Phul in 1652 CE. Tilokha received the office of the Chaudhriyat. Tilokha and Rama founded the village Bhai Rupa in Nabha territory, about eight miles north-west of Phul, in about1680 CE.Rama or Ram Chand expanded his dominions over the Bhatti territories and became a superintendent of the jungle ilaka. He was killed at Kotla in 1714 CE over the dispute of this jungle ilaka, nearly at the age of eighty. Rama had married Sabi, the daughter of a Bhuttar zamindar of Nanun, from whom he had six sons, namely, Dunna, Ala Singh, Ram Singh, Bakhta, Ladha, and Budha. Duna established the Bhadour family. Subha and his only son Jodh Singh both died in 1729 CE and his village Hodiana came in the possession of Ala Singh. Bakhta was the ancestor of the Malaudh family. Ram Singh, Ladha and Budha stayed together. Ala Singh was born in about 1691 CE and his father was killed when Ala Singh was twenty-three years old.

In 1718 CE, he left Bhadour to his elder brother Duna, and rebuilt Barnala and began to live there.Here he was attacked by the neighboring chiefs but was victorious. This victory gave a high status to Ala Singh to gather a large force around him. The Sikhs were warriors with courage but were civilized towards women and the captives. However, they were never a united people and this caused their defeat to the British government. Ala Singh obtained a victory over his Afghan neighbours by 1731 CE. He was imprisoned but was delivered by one of his loyal associates. He reduced some of the refractory villages to submission that had been taken over by Jodh Singh of Batinda. In 1749, he began building a Fort of Bhawanigarh. Three years later he conquered the district of Sanawar. This district had eighty-four villages with its capitol at Patiala. In 1753 CE, he built a fort in Patiala. He helped Bhai Gurbaksh Singh conquer Batthinda, Buloda and Buhai from the Bhatti chiefs. The district of Mung was next added to the Patiala territory, by Lal Singh, son of Ala Singh. Then Lal Singh and Ala Singh overran the districts of Sohana, Jamalpur, Dharsul, and Shikapur of Bhatti Chiefs in 1757 CE. Ahmad Shah Durani, monarch of Afghanistan, had made almost annual raids into India and in 1748, 1756, and 1761, had marched as far south as Sirhind and Delhi. In 1761, Ala Singh was captured by Durani but released by agreeing to pay attribute. In 1763, however, Ala Singh and other neighbouring Sikh Chiefs attacked Durani’s governors of Sirhind and captured it. Sirhind and its neighbouring villages were given to Ala Singh. Next year Durani attacked India again but had cordial relations with Ala Singh. Raja Ala Singh accompanied Ahmad Shah Durani as far as Lahore, and then returned to Patiala, where he died in August 1765 CE. Ala Singh had married only one wife named Fattoh, the daughter of Chaudhary Khana, a Subhran zamindar of Kaleke. He has three sons, Sardul Singh, Bhumian Singh, Lal Singh, and a daughter Bibi Pardhan. Sardul Singh, the eldest son of Ala Singh, married his first wife, the daughter of a Sardar of Bhikhe, who became the mother of Maharaja Amar Singh. His second wife was the widow of his first cousin Jodh Singh, whom he married according to the Sikh custom, by kareva or chaddar dalna. Sardul Singh died in1753 CE. Bhumian Singh, the second son, left one daughter, Bibi Rajinda, who was married to Tilok Chand, Chaudhri of Bhagwara. After Tilok Singh’s death, their property was claimed by her grandson Jodh Singh, a daughter’s son. Jodh Singh was killed by Chuhar Mal, Tilok’s brother and took over their property. The youngest son Lal Singh died childless.

Amar Singh, the second son of Sardul Singh, was born in 1747 CE and succeeded Ala Singh as the Patiala Chief. In 1766, Amar Singh captured the town of Payal, near Ludhiana with the help of Jassa Singh Ahluwalia and other Sikh Chiefs. In 1767, Ahmad Shah Durani invaded India for the last time, but he advanced no further than Ludhiana. Durani cordially granted the title of Raja that was earlier given to Ala Singh. Later, Akbar bestowed the title of Maharaja on Amar Singh Amar Singh regained properties from Afghans of Maler Kotla, Gharib Das of Manimajara, Jodh Singh of Kot Kapura, and Govindgarh in 1771 CE. His elder step-brother Himmat Singh rebelled again took over the Patiala Fort but was forced to surrender with the help of neighbouring States. Himmat Singh died in 1774 CE and Ala Singh took over his estates of Bhawanigarh, Darbah, and Dhodrah. Amar Singh married his widow by Chaddar dalna custom. The same year his first wife, Rani RajKaur, gave birth to a son, Sahib Singh, who afterwards became a Maharaja. Next, Amar Singh captured the Sefabad Fort of Nawab Sef Khan, and then marched against the Bhatti of Fatahabad and Sirsa and conquerd them. The Delhi Empire had fallen in 1775 CE. In 1777 CE, Amar Singh overran Faridkot and Kot Kapura and in 1778 subdued the Chief of Mani with the help of his kinsmen. New minister at Delhi, Nawab Majd-ud-doulah Abd ul-ahd campaigned against the Sikh Chiefs but was repulsed in 1779. In February 1781, Raja Amar Singh died at age 35. Three months before his death, Ranjit Singh was born in Gujranwala, near Lahore. From hereon, the power of the Patiala State began to decay. Amar Singh was succeeded by his six year old son, Raja Sahib Singh. His sister’s name was Sahib Kaur, who was a very able warior. Through the influence of his grandmother, Rani Hukman, Diwan Naun Mal was appointed prime minister of the Patiala State. The Diwan, an Aggarwal Bannia of Sunam, was a man of great experience and honesty. He had served Raja Amar Singh well. However, revolts occurred in Bhawanigarh, Kot Sumer, and by Sir Ala Singh at Bhikhe. However, Naun Mal mustered a large force composed of Patiala, Jhind, Nabha, Maler Kotla, Bhadour, Ramgharia, and Rani Hukman to suppress these rebellions. In 1783 CE, there was a great famine in Northern India. Naun Mal trained his troops in western style and continued to regain his lost territories. Rani Hukman was killed, Naun Mal was wounded and imprisoned but Rani Rajinder of Phagwara, and first cousin of Amar Singh, marched to his aid and got him released and re-instates him. Naun Mal collaborated with Dhara Rao, a Mahratta leader and his associated Sikh rulers, to continue to put the rebellions down.

In 1787 CE, Raja Sahib Singh was married to Rattan Kaur, daughter of the late Ganda Singh Bhangi, whose grandson Gulab Singh was wellknown in Amritsar and its neighbourhood. Raja Sahib Singh was not strong enough to face the danger grom Ranjit Singh, Marahrattas, and the advances of the British Government. He was forced to accept protection from the British Government. On April 1809, a treaty was concluded between the British forces and Ranjit Singh to leave the Cis-Sutlej Stated under the protection of the British Government. Ranjit Singh turned his attention to the capture of Kashmir, Peshawur, Multan and the Derajat. Raja Sahib Singh died in March 1813 and left the Patiala State in Chaos. He was followed by his son, Raja Karam Singh. He died on 23rd of December, 1845 CE. He was succeeded by his son, Narinder Singh at age 23. He helped the British Government in the 1857 war against the Sikhs. He was rewarded for his loyalty. The Phulkian Rajas were permitted to adopt children in order to keep their estates in the family following their death. On the 1st of November 1861, Maharaja Narinder Singh was invested with the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, at Allahabad and was appointed a member of the Governor General’s Council for making Laws and Regulations.

However, he died on 13th of November, 1862, after a reign of nearly seventeen years. Narinder Singh married seven wives, who bore him one son and three daughters. The eldest daughter, Basant Kaur, was born in 1845 and married to the Rana of Dholpur. The second daughter married Sardar Narain Singh, son of Sardar Dewa Singh of Sialba. The third daughter was Bishan Kaur, born in 1849, and married, in 1859, to Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Bharatpur. Mahinder Singh, the only son, was born on the 16th September, 1852. He was only ten years old at the time of his father’s death. A council of Regency was appointed by the British Government in 1858. This was done,and the members selected with the approbation of the Rajas of Nabha and Jind were Sardars Jagdeo Singh, Bakshi Rahim Baksh, and Bakhshi Udeh Singh. At age eighteen, Maharaja Mahinder Singh was invested with full powers and the Council of Regency was dissolved in February, 1870. Mahinder Singh was educated under the direction of Ram Chandar, an eminent Mathematician of Delhi. In 1870, a canal from the Sutlej near Rupar to Patiala is constructed to irrigate the Patiala and Ambala districts. Rani Basant Kaur, sister of Narinder Singh had a son who died and she also died on 17th February 1870. Maharaja Narinder Singh married three wives. The last lady he married was the daughter of Mian Mehtab Singh Dhaliwal of Dina, a relative of the Raja of Faridkot. She gave birth to a son on the 17th of October 1867. In May 1870, Maharaja Mahinder Singh was nominated a Knight of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. The Kingdom of Patiala merged into the Republic of India after independence.

Genealogy

  • Rao Shri Brarji, ruler of Bhatinda, married and had issue
    • Rao Dhur(see Faridkot)
    • Rao Paur(see below)
  • Rao Shri Paurji, ruler of Bidowal, rebelled against his brother and received Bidowal as his share.
  • Rao Shri Bairathji, ruler of Bidowal, married and had issue.
  • Rao Shri Kayenji, ruler of Bidowal, married and had issue
    • Kunwar Mahna
    • Baho(see below)
    • Kunwar Kilja
  • Rao Shri Bahoji, ruler of Bidowal, married and had issue.
  • Rao Shri Sangharji, ruler of Bidowal, k. at Panipat, 21st April 1526,married and had issue.
  • Chaudhary Shri Wariyamji, ruler of Bidowal, he was appointed by Baber as the Chaudhary of the territory to the south-west of Delhi in 1526, and which was confirmed by Humayun in 1554, married and had issue. He was killed in 1560(or 1554) in a skirmish with the Muslim Bhatis
    • Mehraj(see below)
    • Kunwar Garaj
  • Chaudhary Shri Mehrajji, ruler of Bidowal, he succeeded his father as Chaudhary and also engaged in battles with the Bhatis, married and had issue.
    • Kunwar Shri Suttohji , married and had issue. He was killed 1560(or 1554) in a skirmish with the Muslim Bhatis alongside his grandfather.
      • Chaudhary Shri Pakhu/Pukkoji(see below)
      • Kunwar Shri Chahoji
      • Kunwar Shri Lukhoji
  • Chaudhary Shri Pakhuji, ruler of Bidowal, he was killed in a skirmish with the Muslim Bhatis at Bidowal, married and had issue.
    • Kunwar Habbal
    • Mohan(see below)
  • Chaudhary Shri Mohanji, zamindar of Mehraj, confirmed as Chaudhary in succession to his father, but fell into arrears and fled to his relatives in Hansi and Hissar. Collected a large force, returned and defeated the Bhattis, near Bedowal. Founded Mehraj in honour of his greatgrandfather, on the advice of the sixth Guru, Har Govind. m. two wives. He was kiiled with his son, fighting the Bhattis, at Bidowal, 1618, having had issue, six sons :
    • Rup Chand, he was killed with his father at Bedowal, 1618. Left issue, two sons.
      • Sandali
      • Chaudhary Phul(see below)
    • Kala(see below)
  • Chaudhary Shri Kalaji, zamindar of Mehraj 1632/-, guardian of his nephews, he founded Kalyanwali in Sirsa, married and had issues (Kalake Sidhus)
  • Chaudhary Shri Phul Singhji, zamindar of Phul. b. 17th April 1603, educ. by Samerpuri. Founded the village of Phul, 1627. m. (first) Chaudharani Bali Kaur, daughter of Jassa Singh, zamindar of Dilami, in Nabha. m. (second) Chaudhurani Raji Kaur, daughter of Dadu, of Sidhana. He was accidentally burned on a pyre while feigning sleep, at Phul, 29th July 1652, having had issue, seven sons and at least one daughter, his descendants are known as Phulkia Sidhus :
    • Chaudhary Tilokha Singh (by Rail), baptized with Khande da amrit at the hands of the Tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh at Damdama Sahib, married and had issue, the Nabha, Jind and Badrukhan families. He died 1705.
      • Gurditta Singh, married a daughter of Sardar Sardul Singh Mann of Mauran, and had issue, one son. He died 1754 (see Nabha)
      • Sukhchen Singh, married Bibi Agan, daughter of Chuhr Singh, a Bullar Jat of Mandi, and had issue. He died 1751 aged 75.
        • Alam Singh, he was a brave soldier, and distinguished himself in many fights with the Imperial troops, after the conquest of Sirhind, in 1763, he took possession of a considerable tract of country, but was killed the following year by a fall from his horse, married 1stly, a Gill lady of Gholia Chubara, married 2ndly, a daughter of a Mann zamindar of Maur Saboki, married 3rdly, Mai Malan, daughter of Dhaliwal zamindar. He died sp in 1764
        • Raja Gajpat Singh (by Agan), founder of Jind.
        • Bulaki Singh, married 1stly at Kot Kapura, a girl of the Nehre Sanduan family, married 2ndly, 1764, Mai Malan, the widow of his eldest brother, and had issue. He died about 1785.
          • Mirza Singh (by 1st wife), he founded the village of Dialpuria
          • Jitu Singh (by 2nd wife)
    • Chaudhary Rama Singh (by Rail)(see below)
    • Raghu Singh [Rughu] (by Rail), married and had issue, four sons.
      • Hardas Singh, married and had issue, the Phulkian family of Jiundan.
    • Bibiji Rami Kaur (by Rail), married a Sardar of Ram Das, and had issue, descendants in Burgar
    • Channu (by Rajji), he held jagirs in the village of Gumti, married and had issue, the Laudgharia Sardars of Gumti.
      • Kilas
      • Masur
    • Jhandu (by Rajji), he died sp.
    • Takht Mal (by Rajji), he held jagirs in the village of Gumti, married and had issue, five sons, the Laudgharia Sardars of Gumti.
      • Bir
      • Lakhmir
      • Bhumia
      • Dalloh
      • Bakhta
  • Chaudhary Rama Singh, Chief of Bhadaur, baptized with Khande da amrit at the hands of the Tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh at Damdama Sahib, he raided the territories of the Bhatis and the Muslim Chief of Kot and captured both Bhatian and Kot, he founded Bhai Rupa in 1680 and built Rampur, married Chaudhrani Sabi, daughter of Bhuttar, zamindar of Nanun, and had issue, six sons, the Patiala, Bhadaur, Kot Duna and Malaudh families. He was killed at Maler Kotla in 1714.
    • Chaudhary Duna Singh, founder of the jagir of Bhadaur, married and had issue (see Bhadaur and Kot Duna). He died 1726.
    • Subha Singh, married and had issue, one son. He died 1729.
    • Maharaja Shri Ala Singh of Patiala(see below)
    • Chaudhary Bakht Mal, he was founder of the jagir of Malaudh, married and had issue (see Malaudh). He died 1757.
    • Budh Singh, died 1714.
    • Ladh Singh, died 1742.
  • Maharaja Shri Ala Singhji, Maharaja of Patiala 1763/1765, born 1691 at Phul, in present day Bathinda district of the Punjab, the third son of Bhai Ram Singh, he was granted the title of Raja, with the robes of honour as well as with a drum and a banner as insignia of royalty by Ahmad Shah Durrani in March 1762 and a little later, the title of Maharaja; married 1707, Rani Fate Kaur [Mai Fatto], daughter of Chaudhary Khana, a zamindar of the village Kaleke, now in Sangrur district of the Punjab and had issue, she died in 1773 at Patiala and was cremated at Shahi Samadhan, the royal cemetery. He died on 7th August 1765 at Patiala and was cremated in the Fort, now inside the city.
    • Kanwar Shri Bhumian Singhji, married and had issue. He died vp about 1743.
      • Bibiji Rajindar Kaurji, born 1739, married Chaudhary Tilok Chand of Bhagwara, and had issue, one daughter. She died 1791.
    • Rajkumar Shri Sardul Singhji, married (a), Rani Hukman Kaur, daughter of the Sardar of Bhikhi, married (by chaddar dálna) (b), Mai Deso, widow of his cousin Jodh Singh, and had issue. He died 1753.
      • Sardar Himmat Singh Sahib (by Mai Deso), born 173x, married and had issue. He died 1774.
        • Bibiji Chand Kaurji, married, 1772, Sardar Dasaundha Singh Ghaiba, son and heir of Sardar Tara Singh Ghaiba of Rahon (see Dallewalia misl)
      • Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Amar Singh (by Rani Hukman Kaur) (see below)
    • Kanwar Shri Lal Singhji, married Bibi Bhagan Kaur, but died vpsp in 1748.
    • Bibiji Pardhan Kaurji, married Sardar Sham Singh Sahib of Ram Das Jhande, and had issue.
  • Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Shri AMAR SINGHji, 2nd Maharaja of Patiala 1765/1781, born 6th June 1748, Raja-i-Rajgan [cr.1767], married (a), Rani Raj Kaur, married (b), 1774, his brothers widow, married (c), Rani Khem Kaur, died in June 1821, sister of Sardar Ala Singh Bhikhi (and aunt of a wife of Raja Jaswant Singh of Nabha), and had issue. He died 5th February 1781.
    • Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Sahib Singh (by Rani Raj Kaur)(qv)
    • Rajkumar Budh Singh
    • Bibi Sahib Kaur (by Rani Raj Kaur), born 1771, married Sardar Jaimal Singh Kanhaiya, died 1812, and had issue. She died 1799 or 1801.
      • Maharani Chand Kaur, married Maharaja Kharak Singh of Lahore, and had issue. She died 13th June 1842 and was cremated the next day.
  • Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Shri SAHIB SINGHji, 3rd Maharaja of Patiala 1781/1813, born 18th August 1773, he was granted the title of Maharaja by Padshah Akbar II of Delhi in 1810, married 1stly, 1787, Rani Ratan Kaur, daughter of Sardar Ganda Singh Bhangi, married 2ndly, 1792, Rani Aus Kaur, born 1772, daughter of Sardar Gurdus Singh Sekhon of Chattah, she administered the state during the minority of her son, later retiring to her estate at Sanaur, about 7 kms south of Patiala, where she spent the last years of her life dying in 1821, married 3rdly, Rani Partab Kaur, sister of Sardar Dal Singh, and had issue. He died 26th March 1813.
    • Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Karam Singh (by Rani Aus Kaur)(qv)
    • Maharajkumar Ajit Singh Sahib. b. 1803 (s/o Rani Nand Kaur), Revolted against his elder brother in 1835, then went into exile in Delhi, where he assumed the style of Maharaja Rajgan Maharaja Ajit Singh, Mahendra Bahadur. Later reconciled with his brother and returned to Patiala, where he received Bhawanigarh as his fief and an allowance of Rs. 50,000 p.a. married at Patiala Fort, June 1824, Rani Chand Kaur Sahiba [Ralewale Rani Sahib]. He died at Bhawanigarh, 31st December 1845.
    • Bibiji Karam Kaur, married Sardar Hari Singh of Kalsia, and had issue.
    • Maharajkumari Bibiji Ram Kaur Sahiba [Tikkarani Sahib of Kalsia]. married before 1813, Sardar Hari Singh Karorsinghia (died at Chhachrauli Fort , 1816), second son of Sandhu Jat ruler Sardar Jodh Singh of Kalsia State, She had issue, one son.
  • Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Shri KARAM SINGHji, 4th Maharaja of Patiala 1813/1845, born 12th October 1797 or 16th October 1798 at Patiala, he succeeded to the gadi on 30th June 1813, he helped the British in 1814 in checking Gurkha incursions into the Punjab hills and secured in return a large tract in the Himalayan foothills, he had shrines built in honour of the Gurus at many historical sites within his state and outside, making endowments for their maintenance, he was granted the title of Maharaja in 1840, married (amongst others), Maharani Karam Kaur, daughter of Sardar Bhanga Singh of Thanesar, and his wife, Mai Jian, and had issue. He died 23rd December 1845 at Patiala.
    • Maharaja-Dhiraj Rajeshwar Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Narendra Singh Mahendra Bahadur (qv)
    • Maharajkumar Dip Singh, born 1825, died before November in 1862.
  • Maharaja-Dhiraj Rajeshwar Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Shri NARENDRA SINGHji Mahendra Bahadur, 5th Maharaja of Patiala 1845/1862, born 26th November 1823, married seven wives, including (a), Maharani Karam Kaur, daughter of Sardar Ghulab Singh of Buria, married (b), a daughter of Sardar Mihman Singh (and sister of Sardar Hira Singh), and had issue, one son and three daughters. He died 13th November 1862
    • H.H. Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Mansur-i-Zaman, Amir ul-Umara, Maharajadhiraja Raj Rajeshwar, Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan, Maharaja Sir Mahendra Singh, Mahendra Bahadur, Yadu Vansha Vatans Bhatti Kul Bushan, Maharaja of Patiala (s/o Maharani Kakarawala) - see below.
    • Maharajkumari Bibiji Basant Kaur Sahiba [H.H. Sidh Sri Patialawala Maharani Sateha Devi Bhawa Sahib], CI (2.5.1882). b. at Patiala, 1845, married at Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala, 1857, Raja Shri Kulender Singh Jai Deo Bahadur, Yuvraj of Dholpur (born at Dholpur, 1845; d.v.p. before 1873), eldest son of H.H. Rais ud-Daula, Sipahdar ul-Mulk, Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana Bhagwant Singh, Lokendra Bahadur, Diler Jang, Jai Deo, Maharaj Rana of Dholpur. She d. at Dholpur, 22nd October 1888, having had issue, one son - see India (Dholpur).
    • Maharajkumari Bibiji Bakhtawar Kaur Sahiba. m. at Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala, 185?, Sardar Narain Singh, of Sialba, son of Sardar Deva Singh, of Sialba. She d. 1861, having had issue, a daughter.
    • Maharajkumari Bibiji Bishan Kaur Sahiba [H.H. Maharani Sri Maji Sahib Bishan Kaur Sahiba]. born at Patiala Fort, 1849 , was married at Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala, ca. 28th December 1859, as his first wife, H.H. Maharaja Shri Brijendra Sawai Sir Jaswant Singh Bahadur Jang, Maharaja of Bharatpur, GCSI (b. at Deeg, 1st March 1851; died at Deeg, 12th December 1893), only son of H.H. Maharaja Shri Brijendra Sawai Balwant Singh Bahadur Jang, Maharaja of Bharatpur, by his first wife, H.H. Maharani Sri Maji Sahib. She died at Patiala, 17th February 1870.
  • HH Maharaja-Dhiraj Rajeshwar Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja MAHENDRA SINGHji Mahendra Bahadur, 6th Maharaja of Patiala 1862/1876, born 16th September 1852, married 1stly, 5th March 1865, married 2ndly, married 3rdly, a daughter of Mian Mahtab Singh Dhaliwal of Dina (a relative of the Raja of Faridkot), and had issue. He died 18th April 1876.
    • The Tikka Sahib Bahadur (s/o Mian Mahtab Singh Dhaliwal's daughter). b. at Patula, 17th October 1867. He d. young, at Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala, 29th April 1873.
    • H.H. Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Mansur-i-Zaman, Amir ul-Umara, Maharajadhiraja Raj Rajeshwar, Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan, Maharaja Sir Rajinder Singh, Mahendra Bahadur, Yadu Vansha Vatans Bhatti Kul Bushan, Maharaja of Patiala - see below.
    • The Khanwar Sahib. b. at Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala, 19th July 1872. He d. there, 7 June 1874.
    • General Raja Sir Ranbir Singh Sahib, KCSI (1.1.1903). b. at Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala, 1877 (full brother of Maharaja Rajinder Singh), educ, privately, MSC Patiala 899-1901, Financial Minister 1899-1901, Mbr Council of Regency 1901-1910, MLC Punjab 1904-1911, MLC Calcutta 1910-1916, Mbr Patiala State Adninistrative Cttee. Tresdt Central Victoria Memorial Cttee. Granted the personal title of Kanwar Bahadur 901, and prom to Raja February 1915. Revd: Delhi Durbar silver (1903 & 1911) and Coron (1911) medals. m. at Patiala, 1889, the daughter of Sardar Lahna Singh Sekhon of Karamgarh, in Patiala state. He d. at Kasauli, 18th January 1916, having had issue, one son and one daughter
      • Colonel Rajadhiraj Sri Mahesh Inder Singh. b. at Mahendra Kothi, Patiala, 1913. educ. Aitchison Coll, Lahore, Punjab. MLA East Punjab 1957-1962. Presdt The Patiala Co-operative Poultry Taim Soc Ltd. Dir Hindustan Petroleum Co Ltd. Worshipful Master of the Patiaala Lodge. Mbr Patiala Rotary Club. Granted the hereditary title of Raja in 1931, and Rajadhiraj in 1934. Revd: Coron Medal (1937), GC of the Phulkian Royal Family Order and the Order of Merit. He d. before 1972, having had issue, one son:
        • Raja Sri Shivdev Inder Singh. b. at Baradari Gardens, Patiala, 3rd August 1938, educ. the Doon Sch, Dehradun, and Fresno State Coll, Fresno, California, USA. Businessman. m. (first) (div.) Rani Jasminder Kaur [Gail Hare Singh] (b. 1944), an American citizen who converted to Sikhism before her marriage, served with US Peace Corps in India 1965-1967, daughter of Worth Hippensteel Hare, of Edenton, North Carolina, USA, by his first wife, Elsie Smith, daughter of George E. Hassell. m. (second) 11th June 19xx, Rani Gurpreet Kaur Mano (b. at Chandigarh, Punjab, 17th April 19xx), educ. Convent of Jesus & Mary Convent Sch, Loreta Convent Sch, and Tara Hall, Simla, and Home Science Coll (BSc), Chandigarh, Punjab. He had issue, three daughters by his first wife, and one daughter by his second wife:
          • Rajkumari Bibi Caroline Kaur [Caroline Senn] (d/o Jasminder), educ. Yadavindra Public Sch, Patiala. m. Michael Senn. She has issue, two daughters
          • Rajkumari Bibi Sarah Kaur [Sarah Singh] (d/o Jasminder).
          • Rajkumari Bibi Sandra Kaur [Sandra Singh] (d/o Jasminder), educ. Yadavindra Public Sch, Patiala. Proprietor and designer Sandra Singh Jewelry. m... Bass.
          • Rajkumari Bibi Mannat Kaur (d/o Gurpreet), educ. Mayo Coll Girls' Sch, Ajmer, Rajasthan, and Monash Univ, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
      • Rajkumari Bibi... Kaur. m. at Patiala, as his second wife, Raja Jagannath Singh, Raja of Daulatpur, Hon MLC Bhopal 1927, and ADC to the Nawab of Bhopal 1937, son of Raja Nirbhai Singh, Raja of Daulatpur, sometime ADC to the Nawab Begum of Bhopal. She had issue, one son and two daughters, including:
        • Rajkumar Bhirat Indar Singh [Dikey]. b. 6th August 1933.
        • Maharajkumari Bibiji Bachtiar Kaur Sahiba [Sardami Bachtiar Kaur Sahiba, of Shahzadpur]. b. at Patiala, before May 1871, educ. privately, m. at Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala, 17th April 1884, Colonel Meherban-i-Dostan, Sardar Jiwan Singh, CSI (1.1.1891) (b. at Shahzadpur, 1860; d. 4th February 1927), educ. Ward's Institute, Ambalda, Hon Magistrate, Hon Civil Judge, Mbr Ambala District Brd, the Management Cttee of Aitchison Coll, Lahore, etc, son of Meherban-i-Dostan, Sardar Sheo Kirpal Singh, of Shahzadpur, in the Ambala district, Punjab. She had issue, two sons and two daughters:
          • Colonel Meherban-i-Dostan, Sardar Ram Singh Bahadur. b, at Lahore, 1893, educ. with Imperial Cadet Corps (ICC), Dehradun. Military Sec to the Maharaja of Patiala 1918-1933. m. at Lohagarh, Bharatpur, 22nd November 1901, Sardarni Umrao Kaur Sahiba (b. ca. 1889), second daughter of H.H. Maharaja Shri Brijendra Sawai Sir Jaswant Singh Bahadur Jang, Maharaja of Bharatpur, GCSI, by his second wife, H.H. Maharani Sri Dadiji Jaginewali Darya Kaurji Maji Sahiba, the sister of Chaudhuri Birbal Singh. He had issue, two sons.
          • Sardar Kartar Singh. b. 1899. m. at Lohagarh, Bharatpur, 1913, Sardarni Gokul Kaur (b. at Agra, after 1900), daughter of H.H. Maharaja Shri Brijendra Sawai Ram Singhji Bahadur Jang, Maharaja of Bharatpur.
          • A daughter. m. Sardar Balwant Singh, of Bhareli.
          • Mahinder Kaur [H.H. Rani Mahinder Kaur Sahiba, of Faridkot]. m. 22nd February 1911, Major H.H. Farzand-i-Saadat-i-Nishan-i-Hazrat-i-Kaiser-i-Hind Maharaja Brij Indar Singh Brar Bans, Bahadur, Raja of Faridkot (b. at Faridkot, 26th October 1896; d. at the Raj Mahal, Faridkot, 23rd December 1918), elder son of Kunwar Shri Gajendra Singh Sahib Bahadur, of Faridkot. She had issue, two sons - see India (Faridkot).
  • HH Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Mansur-i-Zaman, Amir-ul-Umara, Maharaja-Dhiraj Rajeshwar, Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Sir RAJENDRA SINGHji Mahendra Bahadur, 7th Maharaja of Patiala 1876/1900, born 25th May 1872, G.C.S.I., married (a), in November 1888, HH Maharani Bathtawar Kaur, daughter of Sardar Kishan Singh, married (b), 13th April 1893, Maharani Harnam Kaur [née Florence Gertrude Bryan], christened 20th December 1873, she died about 1895, daughter of Charles and Minnie Bryan, married (c), Rani Saheba Kokela, died after 1928, and had issue. He died 8th November 1900.
    • Maj.Gen. HH Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia Mansur-i-Zaman Amir-ul-Umra Maharaja Dhiraj Rajeshwar Sir Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan Bhupendra Singh Mahendra Bahadur (by Maharani Bathtawar Kaur) (qv)
    • Raja Ram Narain Singh, married Rani Rajbans Kaur from Kot Fateh (sister Rani Taptej Kaur, wife of Raja Birender Singh of Dholpur), and had issue.
      • Kunwar Manvendra Singh
    • Colonel Rao Raja Shri Birendra Singh Sahib, born 1898, educated at Aitchison Chiefs' College, Lahore; served in the Afghan War 1919, married 1stly, Rao Rani Joginder Kaur, she had issue, one daughter, married 2ndly, Rani Indra Kumari Devi, daughter of Rao Tejpal Singh of Kuchesar, and had issue, six daughters and one son in total.
      • Rajkumar Sri Harendra Singh Sahib (s/o Kuchesarwali Rani Sahib), educ. Queen Mary's Coll, Lahore, Punjab. m. Rani Saroj Devi, of Baro. He had issue, one son
      • Rajkumari Sri Naresh Inder Kumari Sahiba [Mutki]. b. at Patiala, 6th January 1923 (d/o Loharewali Rani Sahib), m. 194x, Sardar Hardev Singh Chhina (b. 26th May 1920; d. 197x), educ. Aitchison Coll, Lahore, Punjab, joined IAS 1947, Sec to Govt Punjab Labour & Vigilance Depts 1962-1964, Labour & Employment Depts 1964-1967, Home, Vigilance, Transport & Tourism Depts 1967, Cmsnr for Home Affairs 1967, Chief Sec of the Punjab 1976, son of Sardar Bahadur Harban Singh Chhina, sometime Revenue Minister Patiala, by his wife, Sardarni Harban Kaur. from the Randhawa family, of Talwandi, Gurdaspur dist, Punjab. She d. at Chandigarh, 8th February 1988, having had issue, one son and four daughters.
      • Rajkumari Sri Yatendra Kumari Sahiba [Rosy] (d/o Kuchesarwali Rani Sahib).She d. unm.
      • Rajkumari Sri Veerangna Kumari Sahiba [Daisy]. b. 20th February 19xx (d/o Kuchesarwali Rani Sahib). m. Sardar Harbans Singh Sekhon, of Amritsar. She d. at Amritsar, Punjab, 15th December 2013, having had issue, one son:
        • Kunwar Himmat Singh Sekhon.
      • Rajkumari Sri Vimal Kumari Sahiba [Poesy] (d/o Kuchesarwali Rani Sahib).unm. She d. unm, at her sister's residence, Manimajra, Chandigarh, 3rd April 2015.
      • Rajkumari Sri ... Kumari Sahiba [Elsie] (d/o Kuchesarwali Rani Sahib). m. f) Rajkumari Sri Prabha Kumari Sahiba [Portia]. b. 1st October 19xx (d/o Kuchesarwali Rani). m. Shamsher Singh Sidhu (b. at Bulandshahar, UP, 18th August 1930; d. at Chandigarh, Punjab, January 2012). She has issue, one son and one daughter.
      • Captain Rao Raja Sri Ram Narayan Singh Sahib. b. 1898, educ. Aitchison Coll., Lahore. Temp. Hon. 2nd-Lieut. IA 6/6/1919, served in 3rd Afghan War 1919, Hon. 2nd. Lieut. IA 29/9/1919 Lieut. 1st Rajindra Lancers 1920, prom. Capt. Granted the titles of Rao Raja in October 1924. m. (first) Rani...Kaur, daughter of Harnam Singh, of Fatehkot. m. (second) Rani ...Kaur (d. 1944), of Bhareli. He d. 1946, having had issue, one son:
        • Kumar Manvendra Singh. m. and has issue.
          • Rajkumari Yadvendra Kaur. m. at Patiala, 19xx, Rajkumar Ranabir Chandra Deb Barman Bahadur (b. at Agartala), third son of H.H. Bisam-Samar-Bijojee Mahamopadhyaya Pancha-Srijukta Maharaja Manikya Sri Sri Sri Radha Kishore Deb Barman Bahadur, Raja of Tripura - see India (Tripura).
          • Rajkumari... Kaur. m. Sardar ...Singh Majitha, of Amritsar dist., Punjab. She had issue, a daughter:
            • Bibi Sumair Kaur. b. at Sanaur Fort, Patiala, 1918. A model with fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli of Paris under the name of "Sumaire" 1938, lived in Shanghai 1943-1946. m. (first) at Patiala (div.), Apjit Singh, a high-ranking official in the Indian State Railways. m. (second), at Shanghai, China, April 1943, Takami Morihiko, son of a Japanese-American doctor in New York.
          • Rajkumari ... Kaur. m. Sardar ...Singh Majitha, of Sitapur, UP.
    • Maharajkumar (name unknown) Singh (by Maharani Harnam Kaur), born in August 1893, died in March 1894.
  • Maj.-Gen. HH Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia Mansur-i-Zaman Amir-ul-Umra Maharaja Dhiraj Rajeshwar Sir Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan Maharaja BHUPENDRA SINGHji Mahendra Bahadur, 8th Maharaja of Patiala 1900/1938, born 12th October 1891 at Patiala (#1), educated at the Aitchison College in Lahore, invested with full ruling powers on 3rd November 1910, G.C.S.I. [cr.1921], G.C.I.E. [cr.1911], G.C.V.O. [cr.1922], G.B.E. (Mil) [cr.1918], Member of Standing Committee of Indian Princes’ Chamber (ten times elected Chancellor of the Chamber of Princes during the 1920’s and 1930’s), Commander-in-Chief of the Patiala Forces, Honourary LieutenantColonel of the Ist Ludhiana Sikhs, Hon. Col. 15th Ludhiana Sikhs, Hon. Maj.-Gen. in British Army, Fellow of the Royal Geographical, Zoological and Horticultural Societies, Member of the Royal Colonial Institute, Member of Royal Asiatic Society, appointed Hon. ADC to HM 1922, served in WWI 1914/18 receiving Grand Cordon of the Order of the Nile, and of Order of Leopold of Belgium, Grand Cross of Orders of Crown of Italy, Crown of Roumania, and St Saviour of Greece, and of Legion of Honour, served in the Afghan War 1919, represented India at League of Nations Assembly 1925, captained the Indian cricket team on its 1911 tour of England, president of the All-India Gundog League and vice-president of the Indian Kennel Association, chancellor and chief patron of the Sikhs’ premier educational institution – the Khalsa College at Amritsar, he married 1908, HH Maharani Bakhtavar Kaur, daughter of Sardar Gurnam Singh of Sangrur, Jind, (mother of seven children, five of whom died young), and had further issue, 88 children in all, only 53 of whom survived. He died at Patiala, from heart failure, on 22nd March 1938. Succeeded by his son Yadvendra Singhji.
    • H.H. Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Mansur-i-Zaman, Amir ul-Umara, Maharajadhiraja Raj Rajeshwar, 108 Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan, Maharaja Sir Yadavindra Singh, Mahendra Bahadur, Yadu Vansha Vatans Bhatti Kul Bushan, Maharaja of Patiala[Ticky] (s/o Bakhtawar Kaur) - see below.
    • Rajadhiraj Sri Bhalendra Singh [Peter]. b. at Chail, 8th August 1919, educ. Royal Schs at Patiala and Chail, Patiala House Sch, Bishop Stove, and Aitchison Coll, Lahore, Punjab, and Magdalene Coll, Cambridge (BA). Sec for Education, and Home Affairs, MLA Punjab 1958-1962, Presdt Amateur Athletic Federation of India 1952-1968, Indian Olympic Assoc 1960-1975 and 1980-1992, and Asian Games Fedn. 1980-1982, Mbr. IOC 1947-1992. m. (first) 1945, Rani Pushpalata Kumari Sahiba (b. at Dehradun, 15th October 1925; d. from the effects of childbirth, 6th September 1953), daughter of Rai Bahadur Kunwar Charat Singh, Shamsher Jang, of Sahanpur, sometime MLA for Bijnor District West, UP, by his wife, Kunwarani Mohini Devi, daughter of Rai Hari Kishan Singh, of Mursan, Mathura. m. (second) at Kasauli, 1956, Rani Herminder Kaur Sahiba (b. at Sangrur, 1932; d. at Indraprasth, 1st August 2000), from a Canadian Sikh family, originally from Sangrur. He d. at New Delhi, 16th April 1992, having had issue, one son and one daughter by his first wife, and two daughters by his second wife
      • Padma Bushan Raja Sri Randhir Singh. b. at Patiala, 18th October 1946 (s/o Pushpalata Kumari),educ. Yadavindra Public Sch, Patiala, and St Stephen's Coll, Univ of Delhi. MLA Punjab 1958, Dir State Bank of Patiala, Vice-Presdt Punjab Olympic Assoc 1957-1984, Presdt Amateur Athletics Fdn of India 1953-1960, Indian Olympic Assoc 1959-1975 & 1978-1984, and Asian Games Fed 1982, Indian and Olympic clay-pigeon shooting champion. Gold medalist, Asian Games, Bangkok 1978, Commonwealth Games Edmonton 1978, Silver and bronze medalist; Asian Games 1982. Competed in Mixed Trap at the Olympic Games in Tokyo, Mexico, Munich, Montreal and Moscow. Sec-Gen Indian Olympic Assoc 1987, Olympic Council of Asia since 1991, and Afro-Asian Games Council 1998 2007. Vice-Chair Organizing Cttee XIX Commonwealth Games (Delhi) 2010. Mbr IOC since 2001, Assoc of National Olympic Cttees Executive Brd since 2002, World Anti-Doping Agency Foundation Brd 2003-2005, Olympic Games Study Cmsn 2002-2003, Sport for All Cmsn since 2004, Cmsn for Women & Sport since 2006, Co-ordination for the 1st Summer Youth Olympic Games (Singapore) 2008 2010, and Olympic Truce Fndn since 2007. Life Patron Bowling Fed of India since 2006 (Presdt until 2005). Hon D.Litt. (Sports Sci) Lakshmibai National Inst of Physical Education. Revd: Padma Bushan, Arjuna Award (1978), and Maharaja Ranjit Singh Award (1978). m. (first) 25th May 1971, Rani Uma Kumari (b. 24th April 1945), elder daughter of Kanwar Pratap Singh, of Sirmur, by his wife, Kanwarani Usha Kumari, daughter of Kanwar Piari Singh, of Darkoti. m. (second) Vinita Khanna [Rani Randhir Singh], only daughter of Major Vipin Kumar Khanna, by his wife, MaharajkumariBibaji Nagender Kumari Sahiba [Greeta], daughter of Lieutenant-General H.H. Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Mansur-i-Zaman, Amir ul-Umara, Maharajadhiraja Raj Rajeshwar, 108 Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan, Maharaja Sir Bhupinder Singh, Mahendra Bahadur, Yadu Vansha Vatans Bhatti Kul Bushan, Maharaja of Patiala, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, GBE. He has issue, two daughters by his first and one daughter by his second wife:
        • Rajkumari Sri Mahima Kumari. b. 1973 (d/o Uma), educ. Welham Girls' Sch, Dehradun.
        • Rajkumari Sri Sunaina Kumari. b. 1976 (d/o Uma), educ. Welham Girls' Sch, Dehradun, and Delhi Univ (BA Hons Soc). Employed with UN as HR Assist in New Delhi. Presdt Bowling Fed of India (BFI) since 2005 (Vice Presdt until 2005). Vice-Presdt Asian Lawn Bowls Fed (ALBF) since 2012.
        • Rajkumari Sri Ria Rajeshwari Kumari.b. 1992 (d/o Vinita). m. at Chattarpur, Delhi, 17th November 2013, Mehtab Singh, son of Sultan Singh, by his wife, Kiran Kaur.
      • Rajkumari Sri... Kaur [Chotoo] (d/o Herminder Kaur).
      • Rajkumari Sri ... Kaur [Niki] (d/o Herminder Kaur). m. and had twins, of whom only one survived.
      • Rajkumari Sri Padmesh Kaur [Rani Padmesh Kaur Sahiba]. b. at Patiala, 2nd September 1953 (d/o Pushpalata Kumari). m. (first) 1971 (div. 1982) Vinod Khanna (b. 21st March 1950; m. second, and had further issue, one son), son of Om Prakash Khanna, by his wife, Nirmal. m. (second) at Dehra Dun, UP, 1982, as his second wife (div. 2001), Lieutenant-Colonel Shri Raja Ajay Bahadur Singh (b. at Nahan, 7th October 1947), sometime MLA for Nahan in the Himachal Pradesh State Assembly, elder son of Maharaj Shri Jagat Bahadur Singh, of Sirmur, by his wife, Rani Leela Devi Sahiba, daughter of Rai Bahadur Babu Sri Kamlapat Prasad Singh, Taluqdar of Makhari (Makrai), in the Fyzabad district of UP. She was k. at the Cedar Wood Guesthouse, Tutu, near Simla, 30th May 2003 (crem. at Lodhi Road Cemetery, New Delhi), having had issue, two children by her first husband:
        • Arjun Singh. b. 3rd March 1972, educ. Modern Sch., Mussooorie.
        • Shagun Kumari [Shrimant Shagun Khanna]. b. 7th February 1973, educ. Jesus & Mary Convent Sch, Chelsea, Simla, and Univ of Delhi (B.Com.). m. at Delhi, ca. 1995, Arvind Khanna (b. at Delhi, 29th May 1967), son of Colonel Vipan Khanna, IA, by his wife, Maharajkumari Bibiji Nagendra Kumari Sahiba, daughter of Lieutenant-General H.H. Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i Inglishia, Mansur-i-Zaman, Amir ul-Umara, Maharajadhiraja Raj Rajeshwar Yadu Vansha Vatans Bhatti Kul Bu shan 108 Shri Maharaja-i-Rajgan, Maharaja Sir Bhupinder Singh Mahendra Bahadur, Maharaja of Patiala, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, GBE. She had issue, two sons - see below.
    • Rajadhiraj Sri Bhartinder Singh [Billy]. b. at Patiala, 30th October 1919, educ. Royal Schs at Patiala and Chail, Patiala House Sch, Bishop Stove, and Aitchison Coll, Lahore, Punjab, and Magdalene Coll, Cambridge (BA). Military Sec to the Maharaja 1946 1949. unm.
    • Rajadhiraj Sri Padaminder Singh [Michael]. b. 11th March 1925 (s/o Maharani Sri Vimalavati Kaur), educ. Royal Schs at Patiala and Chail, Patiala House Sch, Bishop Stove, and Aitchison Coll, Lahore, Punjab, and London Univ (B.Eng.). He d. unm, at Dehra Dun, UP, 30th July 2002.
    • Rajadhiraj Sri Raghavender Singh [David]. b. 18th July 1926 (s/o Maharani Sri Vimalavati Kaur), educ. Royal Schs at Patiala and Chail, Patiala House Sch, Bishop Stove, and Aitchison Coll, Lahore, Punjab. Cmsnd as 2nd Lieut IA, prom Lieut. resigned. m. at Mussoorie, UP, 1947, Rani Sri Summitara Raje Sahiba (b. at Indore, 14th November 1932), née Maharajkumari Shrimant Sumitra Raje Sahib Holkar, youngest daughter of H.H. Maharajadhiraja Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Sir Tukojirao III Holkar XIII Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore, GCIE, by his wife, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Sharmista Devi Sahib Holkar, née Nancy Anne Miller, of Seattle, Washington, USA. He d. 9th March 1985, having had issue, one daughter:
      • Rajkumari Gangesh Kumariji. b. 24th June 1951. m. Colonel...
    • Rajadhiraj Sri Kirninder Singh [Dicky]. b. 29th November 1928, educ. Royal Schs at Patiala and Chail, Patiala House Sch, Bishop Stove, and Aitchison Coll, Lahore. Tea planter in Kangra. m. Rani Doreen (b. 29th December 19xx; d. March 1989), daughter of the Raja of Kuchesar, Bulandshahar dist., UP (by "Maharani" Vinokshi Kumari?). He had issue, one son:
      • Rajkumar Sri ...Singh [Pat]. b. at Patiala, 18th October 19xx. m. a daughter of General Sant Singh, IA retd.
    • Rajadhiraj Sri Kumadendra Singh [John II]. b. 17th December 1929, educ. Royal Schs at Patiala and Chail, Patiala House Sch, Bishop Stove, and Aitchison Coll, Lahore, Punjab. m. Rani Sri... Kaur, daughter of Sardar...Singh, of Kishangarh. He d. 196x, having had issue, one son and one daughter.
    • Rajadhiraj Sri Mohaninder Singh [Jimmy]. b. 29th December 1931, educ. Royal Schs at Patiala and Chail, Patiala House Sch, Bishop Stove, and the Doon Sch, Dehra Dun, UP. Farming at Patiala. d. unm. at Philoli, Patiala, 30th January 2014.
    • Maharajkumari Bibaji Nagender Kumari Sahiba [Greeta]. b. 4th April 1937. m. Major Vipin Kumar Khanna (b. 14th November 1937), Presdt Dynamic Sales Service International Pvt Ltd (DSSI), Chair FiNoble Advisors Pvt Ltd, MD TSL Defence Technologies, Hon Consul for Luxembourg in New Delhi 1996-2005, Mbr Delhi Gymkhana Club, etc. rcvd. Knt of the Order of Merit of Luxembourg, elder brother of Colonel Ravi Khanna, and son of Shanti Lal Khanna, by his wife, Vidya Devi. She had issue, three sons and one daughter:
      • Navin Khanna. b. 1st April 1962. Dir of Coal, Steel, Commodities & Export for Dynamic Sales Service International Pvt Ltd (DSSI). m. at Bharatpur, 31% December 1985, Kavita Kumari (b. 14th February 1958), elder daughter of Colonel Kanwar Bharat Singh, by his wife, Maharajkumari Bibaji Umesh Kumari Sahiba [Diamond), daughter of Lieutenant-General H.H. Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-iInglishia, Mansur-i-Zaman, Amir ul-Umara, Maharajadhiraja Raj Rajeshwar, 108 Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan, Maharaja Sir Bhupinder Singh, Mahendra Bahadur, Yadu Vansha Vatans Bhatti Kul Bushan, Maharaja of Patiala, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, GBE. He has issue, one son and one daughter:
        • Rahul Khanna.
        • Ahilya Khanna.
      • Arvind Khanna. b. at Delhi, 29th May 1967, educ. Milfield Sch, Street, Somerset, and Pepperdien Univ, California, USA (B. Com. 1989). Gen-Sec Shiromani Akali Dal Youth Wing 1997, joined Congress 1998, Treasurer PPCC, MLA for Sangrur in the Punjab state assembly since 2002. Dir Clan Morgan Holdings Pvt Ltd. Presdt & MD TSL Technologies Pvt Ltd. Chair Umeed Khanna Fndtn. Sec-Gen Punjab Olympic Assoc. Chair Punjab Sports Persons Welfare Assoc. Presdt Professional Golfers' Assoc of India, Fencing Assoc of India, etc. m. at Delhi, ca. 1995, Shagun Kumari [Shrimati Shagun Khanna) (b. 7th February 1973), educ. Jesus & Mary Convent Sch, Chelsea, Simla, and Delhi Univ. (B.Com.), daughter of Vinod Khanna, by his wife, Padmesh Kaur Sahiba, eldest daughter of Rajadhiraj Sri Bhalendra Singh, of Patiala, sometime Presdt Indian Olympic Assoc. He has issue, two sons:
        • Adhiraj Khanna.
        • Suryaveer Khanna.
      • Aditya Khanna. MD DSSI Group (London), Pipal Software Solutions, Dir. FiNoble Advisors Pvt Ltd, Hamadan Exports, Indrus Trading Co (Jersey) Ltd since 1999, Tamarind Restaurants Ltd, etc.
      • Ms Vinita Khanna [Rani Randhir Singh). m. as his second wife, Padma Bushan Raja Sri Randhir Singh (b. at Patiala, 18th October 1946), Sec-Gen Indian Olympic Assoc, only son of Rajadhiraj Sri Bhalendra Singh [Peter], sometime Presdt Indian Olympic Assoc, by his second wife, Rani Herminder Kaur Sahiba - see above.
    • Maharajkumari Bibiji Nirpendra Kumari Sahiba [Reeny). b. posthumously, 20th July 1938. unm.
    • Raja Sri Brijindra Singh (John 1]. b. 7th August 1912 (s/o Sardar Jwala Singh's daughter), educ. Aitchison Coll, Lahore, and the Forest Research Inst, Dehra Dun, UP. m. Rani Rama Kumari Devi (b. 1912), of Kakrauya, UP. He d. 1958, having had issue, three sons and five daughters:
      • Rajkumar Puspendra Singh [Dhruv). b. 20th February 1937. He d. by suicide, 1966.
      • Rajkumar Kirtendra Singh [Bharat]. b. 29th April 1941. m. ...
      • Rajkumar Jai Singh. b. 10th April 1944. Adopted by his maternal uncle.
      • Rajkumari Durgesh Nandini Devi [Rani Srimathi Durgesh Nandini Devi, of Ranpur). b. 3rd February 1934, educ. Queen Mary's Coll., Lahore. m. Raja Sri Birabar Brajendra Chandra Singh Deo Bajradhar Narendra Mahapatra, Raja of Ranpur (b. at Ranpurgarh, 22nd October 1928; d. before 11th February 1980), son of Jubraj Sri Biranchi Narayan Singh Deo, Heir Apparent of Ranpur, in Orissa, by his wife. Jubrani Srimathi Basanta Manjari Devi, Rajmata Sahiba of Ranpur, sometime Minister of Health of Orissa, daughter of Raja Shyam Chandra Mardraj Harichandan, Raja of Nilgiri. She had issue, three sons and one daughter - see India (Ranpur).
      • Rajkumari Umarani [Srimati Rani Umarani Sainchar]. b. 10th August 1935. m. Sri Raja Ratan Gopal Sainchar (b. 1934; d. before 12th October 1995), of Secunderabad, Hyderabad, Deccan, elder son of Lieutenant-Colonel Madan Gopal Sainchar, IMS, sometime Professor of Medical Jurisprudence at Osmania Univ, by his wife, Sultan Kunwar Bibi, daughter and heiress of H.E. Yamin us-Sultanat, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Peshkar Sir Kishan Parshad Bahadur, GCIE, sometime Presdt Nizam's Exec Council, Hyderabad, Deccan.
      • Rajkumari Asha Kumari. b. 9th February 1939. m. Shri Bhabesh Das, from Mayurbhanj, Orissa. She had issue, one son and one daughter.
      • Rajkumari Rekha Kumari. b. 8th November 1946. unm. Settled in the USA.
      • Rajkumari Sudha Kumari [Srimati Rani Sudha Kumari Sahiba, of Gangpur]. b. 5th May 1947. Settled in the USA. m. 1967, as his first wife (div.), Sri Raja Birendra Shekhar Deo, Raja of Gangpur (b. 10th March 1945; d.s.p.. 2002), elder son of Sri Raja Udit Pratap Shekhar Deo, Raja of Gangpur, by his wife, Srimati Rani Rukmini Devi Sahiba, elder daughter of Sri Sri Sri Vyricharla Narayana Gajapathi Raju Bahadur Garu, Zamindar of Chemudu. She had issue, a daughter - see India Non-Salute (Gangpur).
    • Raja Sri Gamendra Singh (Richard]. b. 12th February 1926, educ. Aitchison Coll, Lahore, and Bishop Cotton Sch, Simla. Cmsnd as Sub-Lieut Indian Navy. Ascetic. unm.
    • Raja Sri Hitendra Singh [Robert]. b. 22nd September 1927, educ. Aitchison Coll, Lahore, and Bishop Cotton Sch, Simla. Cmsnd as 2nd-Lieut. IA. m. Rani Pushpender Kaur, daughter of Sardar ... Singh, of Talwardi. He had issue, a son:
      • Rajkumar ...Singh (Micky]. b. at Patiala, 11th December 1962. He d. in an accident, 1997, having had issue, two sons.
    • Raja Sri Dr. Mrigender Singh [William). b. at Rajgarh Villas, Chail, 21st July 1928, educ. Aitchison Coll, Lahore, and Bishop Cotton Sch, Simla, Punjab Univ, Patiala (BA add. Phil), and the Yale Divinity Sch (MAR), New Haven, Connecticut, USA, Gandharv Maha Vidyalay (M.Mus.), Bombay, and Guru Nanak Univ (PhD), Punjab. Assist Professor of Ethnomusic at Yale Music Sch 1972-1974, Assoc Professor City Coll of New York City Univ (CUNY) 1974-1983, at State Univ of New York Coll at Mount Vernon 1975-1980, and at Perchase 1980-1984, Professor Emeritus. Tagore Fellow Sangeet Natak Acad. Music artist and musicologist. Author of "Shri Jaap Nishaan", “The Patiala Gharana Music Tradition", "Patiala Gharane ka Sangit ka Udgam aur Vikas", "North India's Patiala Classical Musical Traditions", "Mughal Shahi Gavaiya Khan Sahib Tan-Ras Khan”. m. at Patiala, 3rd August 1954, Rani Harinder Kaur (b. at Changaliwala, 27th May 1934), daughter of Sardar Gurnam Singh Sekhon, of Burj Bhaghel-Singhwala, Kalbanjara, Bachoana and Bhuchon. He d. in hospital at New York, USA, 24th March 2014, having had issue, one son and three daughters o a) Rajkumar Karmendra Singh Sidhu. b. at Patiala, 13th July 1958, educ. New York City Univ (CUNY). Businessman. m. at Huntington House Long Island, New York, USA, 30th January 1993 (div.) Mandeep Kaur, daughter of Sardar Harpal Singh Sandhu, of Amritsar. He had issue, three daughters:
      • Rajkumar Karmendra Singh Sidhu. b. at Patiala, 13th July 1958, educ. New York City Univ (CUNY). Businessman. m. at Huntington House Long Island, New York, USA, 30th January 1993 (div.) Mandeep Kaur, daughter of Sardar Harpal Singh Sandhu, of Amritsar. He had issue, three daughters:
        • Kunveri Kirnendra Kaur Sidhu. b. at Glen Cove, Long Island, New York, USA, 29th December 1993.
        • Kunveri Sharnendra Kaur Sidhu, b. at Glen Cove, Long isiana, New York, USA, 23rd July 1995.
        • Kunveri Hememdra Kaur Sidhu. b. at Glen Cove, Long Island, New York, USA, 21st May 1997.
      • Rajkumari Gianesh Kumari [Thakurain Gianesh Kumari, of Nimkhera]. b. at the Old Motibagh Annexe, Patiala, 27th January 1956, educ. St Sophia Coll, Ajmer, Rajasthan. m. at Searingtown, Long Island, New York, USA, 10th September 1983, Thakur Dr. Sarva Daman Singh Jadon, of Nimkhera (b. at Nimkhera, UP, 27th May 1955), MD, of New York, USA, son of Thakur Bhanu Pratap Singh Jadon, of Nimkhera, UP. She has issue, one son and one daughter:
        • Kunwar Arush Pratap Singh. b. at the Bronx, New York, USA, 6th February 1987.
        • Kunveri Anjani Kumari Singh. b. at the Bronx, New York, USA, 21st July 1989.
      • Rajkumari Madhavendra Kumari. b. at the Old Motibagh Annexe, Patiala, 18th November 1960, educ. New York City Univ (CUNY). m. at Huntington House, Long Island, New York, USA,21st January 1995 (div.) Sardar Jasbir Singh Chahal (b. at Chandigarh, Punjab, 8th July 1960), son of Sardar Harsroop Singh Chahal. She had issue, one son:
        • Kunwar Darshbir Singh Chahal. b. Newark, New Jersey, USA, 12th May 1996.
      • Rajkumari Amarendra Kumari. b. at the Old Motibagh Annexe, Patiala, 21st December 1961, educ. New York City Univ (CUNY). Businesswoman
    • Raja Sri Gianinder Singh (George). b. at Patiala, 25th March 1930, educ. Bishop Cotton Sch, Simla. Chief Airline Pilot. m. Rani Jaspal Kaur, daughter of Sardar Mehar Singh Billa, sometime Sardar Nafar to Maharaja Bhupinder Singh. He d. 2nd September 2011, having had issue, one son and one daughter:
      • Rajkumar Gajayinder Singh [Gajay Singh). b. at Patiala, 3rd October 1974, educ. Yadvindra Public Sch, and Mahindra Coll (B.Com. 1993), Patiala. Horse breeder and stud farmer in Delhi. unm.
      • Rajkumari Tripurantika Kumari [Smt Tripurantika Kaur Dang] [Tripu Sidhu]. b. at Patiala, 12th June 1969, educ. Yadvindra Public Sch, and Modi Coll (B.Com. 1988), Patiala. Settled in California, USA. m. at Patiala, 6th June 1989, Haninder Singh Dang (b. 31st December 1962), real estate agent, Broker with Real Estate Solutions since 2012 in Fresno, California, USA. She has issue, one daughter.
    • Raja Sri Kamalender Singh [Neville). b. 17th February 1932. He d. at Chandigarh, East Punjab, 11th February 1972.
    • Raja Sri Kamender Singh [Ralph]. b. 9th May 1932, educ. the Doon Sch, Dehra Dun. Aviation Adviser to the Punjab Govt. m. Rani Harmal Kaur (b. 18th December 1950), daughter of Sardar ... Singh Kaulgarh. He d. in an air crash, 3rd June 1993, having had issue, one son:
      • Rajkumar Gaganendra Singh. [Chandigarh).
    • Raja Sri Kharginder Singh [Stanley]. b. 15th August 1932, educ. the Doon Sch, Dehra Dun. Settled in Germany. m. and had issue, a daughter. [Germany].
    • Raja Sri Khaginder Singh [Edward]. b. 12th September 1932, educ. the Doon Sch, Dehra Dun. m. twice.
    • Raja Sri Raminder Singh [Roy]. b. at Patiala, 23rd December 1932 (s/o the Sirmur lady). m. Rani Kamini Kaur, from Chandigarh, East Punjab. He had issue, one son:
      • Rajkumar ... Singh [Robby]. b. at Chandigarh, Punjab, 19th July 1962. Settled in Chicago, USA. m. Kunwarani Rajbaljinder Kaur, daughter of Dhanraj Singh Boparai, sometime Dep. Advocate General of the Punjab and Haryana High Court. He has issue, two sons:
        • Kunwar Harsukhraj Singh Sidhu. b. at Chandigarh, East Punjab, 2nd November 1985.
        • Kunwar Parupkar Singh Sidhu. b. at Chicago, Illinois, USA, 17th August 1988.
    • Raja Sri Devinder Singh (Brian). b. 14th July 1933 (s/o a Belgian lady), educ. the Doon Sch, Dehra Dun. m. Rani ... Kaur, from Sahjadpur.
    • Raja Sri Jeotinder Singh [Bobby]. b. 12th September 1933, educ. the Doon Sch, Dehra Dun. He d. unm. at Village Grog, Distt Solan, Himachal Pradesh, 14th January 2014.
    • Raja Sri Hemindra Singh [Mervyn] [Hemindra Singh Sidhu]. b. 6th December 1933 (s/o Darshan Kaur), educ. Colonel Brown's Cambridge Sch, Dehra Dun and St. Joseph's Coll, Darjeeling and Calcutta Univ. Settled in England. m. 1969, Franciane Louise Sidhu, a French national. He had issue, two daughters:
      • Annabelle Rejane Sidhu. b. at Eton, Bucks, 1st September 1972, educ. Trinity Hall, Cambridge (BA). m. in Surrey, May 2001, Jeremy Theodore Berenzweig (b. at Hatfield, Herts, 1972), Dir Cummins Power Generation (UK) Ltd, son of Stanley A. Berenzweig, of Islington, London. She has issue, one son and one daughter.
      • Stephanie Louise Sidhu. b. at Eton, Bucks, 9th December 1973, educ. Manchester Univ. m. Rémi Brun. She has issue, one son and two daughters.
    • Raja Sri Amarinder Singh [Jeoffrey]. b. 6th June 1934, educ. the Doon Sch., Dehra Dun and Darjeeling. m. Rani ...He was k. at his farm, in UP, 12th November 1984, having had issue, one son.
    • Raja Sri Himender Singh [Maurice]. b. 8th August 1934 (full-brother of Nagendra), educ. the Doon Sch, Dehra Dun. He d. at Calcutta, 1982.
    • Raja Sri Harendra Singh [Malcolm]. b. 4th July 1935, educ. Bishop Cotton Sch, Simla. m. Rani Veronica, a French lady. He d. at London, having had issue, a son.
    • Raja Sri Nagendra Singh [Eric]. b. 1st July 1936 (full-brother of Himendra), educ. the Doon Sch., Dehra Dun. m. Rani ...He d. in Assam, 1997, having had issue, one son.
    • Raja Sri Divindra Singh [Cecil]. b. at Lahore, 29th September 1936, educ. Bishop Cotton Sch, Simla. m. Rani Amarjit Kaur (b. 13th September 1939), MP (Raj Sabha) 1976-1988, Joint Sec All-India Congress Cttee, daughter of Colonel Sardar Raghbir Singh, sometime Chief Minister of PEPSU. He had issue, two sons and one daughter:
      • Rajkumar Ominder Singh. b. at the Old Moti Bagh Annexe, Patiala, 19th November 1968. unm.
      • Rajkumar Pavanendra Singh. b. at the Old Moti Bagh Annexe, Patiala, 1st July 1978. m. (div.)... He d. in a motor car crash, 12th February 2011.
      • Rajkumari Gitanjali Kumari. b. at the Old Moti Bagh Annexe, Patiala, 2nd November 1966, educ. Sanawar Sch, Simla. m.... [Australia].
    • Raja Sri Hirindra Singh [Leslie]. b. 18th April 1937, educ. the Doon Sch, Dehra Dun (Ph.D.). Vedic astrologer, numerologist and teacher, unm. [USA].
    • Raja Sri Umendra Singh [Ferdie]. b. 7th June 1937 (s/o Darshan Kaur), educ. m. Rani...Kaur, daughter of Sardar...Singh Bhareli. He d.s.p. 196x.
    • Raja Sri Yatendra Singh [Denzil]. b. at Kandhaghat, 18th August 1937, educ. the Doon Sch., Dehra Dun, unm.
    • Rajkumari Bibiji Hemant Kumari Sahiba [Pretty] [Sri Rani Hemanta Kumari]. b. 21st August 1912. m. Parakrama Jang Bahadur Rana, eldest son of Yuvaraj Jang Bahadur Rana, of Phaphamau Castle, Allahabad, UP. She had issue, three sons and two daughters - see Nepal (Lambjang & Kaski).
    • Rajkumari Bibiji Dinesh Kumari Sahiba [Browny], b. 29th May 1913. m. at Patiala, 20th April 1931, Maharajkumar Shri Aman Singh Bahadur (b. 1911; d. before 1983), eldest son of H.H. Bharat Dharmendu Sawai Maharaja Sir Savant Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bijawar, KCIE, by his second wife, Rani Maida Kunwar, alias Musammat Maida. She had issue, two sons and three daughters - see India (Bijawar).
    • Rajkumari Bibiji Shashanak Kumari Sahiba [Rani Shashank Kumari Sahiba] [Betty]. b. 17th June 1913. m. 1937, Raja Pasupati Bahadur Singh, Rai of Dalippur (Adharganj) (b. 1918), elder son of Raja Amar Pal Singh, Rai of Dalippur (Adharganj), MBE, in the Partabgarh dist. of UP. She had issue, one son and one daughter.
    • Rajkumari Bibiji Surendra Kumari Sahiba [Birdie]. b. 14th November 1926. m. Colonel (Ranbir?) Singh Randhawa, of Amritsar, Punjab. She had issue, two sons.
    • Rajkumari Bibiji Devendra Kumari Sahiba [Dawn]. b. 26th June 1932. m. Captain Kishan Singh Lohan, Indian Navy. She had issue, one son and one daughter.
    • Rajkumari Bibiji Upendra Kumari Sahiba [Edna]. b. 15th November 1932. m. and had issue, three daughters.
    • Rajkumari Bibiji Bhuvenesh Kumari Sahiba [Lena]. b. 22nd January 1933, educ. Woodstock, Dehra Dun, and Yale Univ., New Haven, Connecticut, USA (LL.M.). unm. [New Delhi].
    • Rajkumari Bibiji Jayanti Kumari Sahiba [Maureen], b. 28th September 1933. m. Colonel G.A. Singh. She had issue, three sons.
    • Maharajkumari Gangesh Kumari (Princess Elsie), born 8th January 1933, married Shri Mohinder Singh.
    • Rajkumari Bibiji Kamlesh Kumari Sahiba [Pamela], b. 2nd April 1933. m. 19xx, Sardar Jasbir Singh (b. 1st November 1930), MD of several transport companies, son of Sardar Makhan Singh. She was k. at Dehra Dun, having had issue, one daughter.
    • Rajkumari Bibiji Girendra Kumari Sahiba [Jean]. b. 9th September 1935. m.... She d. from cancer, having had issue, sons.
    • Rajkumari Bibiji Bhartendra Kumari Sahiba [Nancy]. b. 4th July 1936. m. and had issue, one son and one daughter.
    • Rajkumari Bibiji Padmendra Kumari Sahiba [Angela]. b. at Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala, 23rd July 1936 (d/o Nirmo Devi). m. 25th October 1952, Major Harbir Singh [Harry] (b. at Bharatpur, 17th August 1926), late 11th Rajputana Rifles, IA, of Hodal, Haryana, son of Chaudhuri Ratan Singh, of Bharatpur. She had issue, two sons and two daughters:
      • Hanuwant Singh. b. at Delhi, 24th June 1963. Settled in Mumbai. m. Sujata. No issue.
      • Pradhuman Singh [Baba]. b. at Ahmedabad, 14th Feburary 1971. Settled in Ahmedabad. unm.
      • Anita Singh. b. at Kanpur, 19th Feburary 1954. Settled in Gurgaon. m. (div.) ... No issue.
      • Reena Desai. b. at Bombay, 2nd September 1956. Settled in Mumbai. m. Monal Desai. She has issue, one son.
    • Rajkumari Bibiji Gauris Kumari Sahiba [Roseland]. b. 10th December 1937. m. Colonel K.L. Bhagat. She had issue, two sons.
    • Rajkumari Bibiji Urvasi Amrit Kumari Sahiba [Wendy]. b. 21st September 1938 (posthumous). m. Colonel Ravi Khanna (d. 19xx), younger brother of Major Vipin Kumar Khanna, and son of Shanti Lal Khanna, by his wife, Vidya Devi. She had issue, two sons. [Greater Kailash, New Delhi]
    • Maharajkumari Kailash Kaur (Princess Pip) [HH Maharani Kailash Kumari Devi of Patna], born 22nd May 1917, married 1932, HH Maharajah Sir Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo of Patna.
    • Maharajkumari Ramesh Kumari (Princess Peggy), born 29th November 1917, married 18th February 1942 at Patiala, Raj Kumar Suresh Prakash Singh, son of the Raja Sahib of Tikra.
    • Raja Bhalendra Singh (Prince Peter), born 19th August 1919 in Patiala, educated at the Aitchison College, Lahore, and at Cambridge University, became a life member of the International Olympic Committee in 1947, President of the Patiala Union Olympic Association till 1957, Vice-President of the Punjab Olympic Association till 1960, President of the Amateur Athletics Federation of India, President of the Indian Olympic Association 1959/1975 and 1980/1984, honoured with the Padma Bhushan Award in recognition of his services to sports, as well as the International Distinguished Service Award in 1982 (presented by the US Sports Academy), chief architect in the formation of the Olympic Council of Asia, elected to the Punjab Legistature Assembly in 1958, he worked in the home and education departments of PEPSU, also served as Director of the State Bank of Patiala, married 1stly, Rani Pushplata Kumari, born 5th October 1925 in Dehradun, died 6th September 1953, daughter of Raja Charat Shamsher Jung Singh, and his wife, Rani Mohini Devi, married 2ndly, Rani Harminder Kaur, born 1932, died 1st August 2000, and had issue. He died 16th April 1992 at New Delhi (#1).
    • Maharajkumari Yadhunandan Kumari (Princess Honey) [HH Rani (now Rajmata) Yadhunandan Kumari of Nalagarh], born 20th November 1920, married HH Raja Surendra Singh of Nalagarh, and has issue.
    • Maharajkumari Yadhuvansh Kumari (Princess Alice), born 9th September 1922.
    • Raja Ganendra Singh (Prince Richard), born 12th February 1926. Unmarried.
    • Rajkumar Pat Singh Sidhu, deceased.
    • Maharajkumari Shailendra Kumari (Princess Kuku) [Rani Shailendra Kumari of Jodhpur], born 22nd June 1929, married 1951, the Late Maharaj Sri Himmat Singh of Jodhpur, and has issue, two sons.
    • Maharajkumari Kumudesh Kumari (Princess Ruby), born 5th January 1931, married Shri Romesh Bhandari, former Governor of Uttar Pradesh 1996/-, born 29th March 1928 in Lahore, son of Sri Amar Nath Bhandari, Chief Justice of the Punjab High Court, and has issue, one son and one daughter, both of whom are married.
    • Raja Mohanendra Singh (Prince Jimmy), born 30th December 1931. Unmarried.
    • Maharajkumari Devindra KUmari, born 26th June 1932, married Shri Kishan Lohan.
    • Maharajkumari Umesh Kumari (Princess Diamond), born 14th November 1932, married 1951, Colonel Sardar Kanwar Bharat Singh, elder brother of Kanwar Natwar Singh (see below), and has issue, a son and a daughter.
    • Maharajkumari Bhuvnesh Kumari (Princess Leena), born 22nd January 1933, unmarried.
    • Maharajkumari Kamlesh Kumari (Princess Pam), born 2nd April 1933, married Late Sardar Jasbir Singh M.A., B.Com., an Industrialist, born 1st November 1930 (#4), son of Sardar Makhan Singh (a leading transport magnate); educated at Government High School, Saharanpur and at D.A.V. College, Dehra Dun, he entered the family business in 1947 and eventually organized the business on modern lines; he also had constructed the Connaught Hotel, a modern building in Dehra Dun; Managing Director, Ex-Soldiers' Motor Transport Co., Dehra Dun, and had issue, one daughter. (Baz Building, Chakrata Road, Dehra Dun, Himachal Pradesh, India)
    • Raja Hemendra Singh (Prince Mervin), born 6th December 1933, he was educated at the Colonel Brown Cambridge School in Dehradun and at St. Joseph's College, Darjeeling and at Calcutta University, India; he married 1969, Rani Franciane, a French lady, and has issue, two daughters.
    • Raja Amarendra Singh (Prince Geoffrey), born 8th June 1934.
    • Maharajkumari Girendra Kumari (Princess Jean), born 9th September 1935, married Col. Sukhminder Singh, and had issue.
    • Maharajkumari Bhartendra Kumari, born 4th June 1936, married and has issue, two daughters and one son.
  • Lt.-Gen. HH HH Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia Mansur-i-Zaman Amir-ul-Umra Maharaja Dhiraj Rajeshwar Sir Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan Maharajadhiraja Sir YADAVENDRA SINGHJI Mahendra Bahadur, 9th Maharaja of Patiala 1938/1974, born 7th January 1913, educated at Aitchison College at Lahore, spent some time at the Punjab Police School, Phillaur, in 1931, he was made Superintendent of Police for Patiala district, graduating two years later to the rank of InspectorGeneral. In 1933, he was appointed the Chancellor of Khalsa College, Amritsar, and he held this position for a number of years. He donned Indian colours in 1934 when he was selected to play against England, he was also north Indian tennis champion, and led the Patiala polo team. President of Indian Olympic Association 1938/1960, appointed an aide-de-camp to the British King and pro-chancellor of the Chamber of Princes in March 1946. Rajpramukh of PEPSU, which in November 1956, in accordance with the recommendations of the States Reorganization Commission, was merged with East Punjab. Member of the Indian delegation to the 11th session of the United Nations General Assembly. In 1958, he represented India in Paris at the 10th annual conference of UNESCO, and in 1959, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1967 and 1969 he led the Indian team at meetings of the UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). In 1960, the government made him chairman of the newly created Indian Council of Sports, a body designed to oversee the whole sporting sphere and advise on the allocation of public money to sports teams and facilities. In 1965, he was appointed to the prestigious post of Indian Ambassador in Rome, where he served until 1967. He presided over the Sikh Eductional Conference annual sessions held at Patiala (1949), Delhi (1952) and Indore (1961). He was also the chairman of the Punjabi University Commission which preceded the establishment in 1962 of Punjabi University at Patiala. He was chosen president of the Guru Gobind Singh Foundation as well as of the Guru Nanak Foundation, the former set up to honour the tercentenary of the birth of Guru Gobind Singh (1967) and the latter the quincentenary of the birth of Guru Nanak (1969). In 1970 he took on a new role as chairman of the Indian Horticulture Development Council and the following year took up his second and last permanent diplomatic posting at the Hague in the Netherlands, married 1stly, 1933, HH Maharani Hem Prabha Devi, second daughter of Raja Aditya Pratap Singh Deo of Seraikella, born in November 1913, died 30th July 2014 in Bhubaneswar, married 2ndly, 1938, HH Maharani Mahindar Kaur, born 1922, daughter of Sardar Harchand Singh Jaijee, Member of the Rajya Sabha [3.4.1964] – [24.2.1967] and [10.4.1978] – [9.4.1984], Member of the Lok Sabha 1967/1971; General Secretary, Congress (O), 1974/1977, and had issue. On the 17th June 1974, he suffered a severe heart attack and died. His body was flown to India and was cremated with full state honours on 21st June at Patiala in the family crematorium, the Shahi Samadhan.
    • Capt. HH HH Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia Mansur-i-Zaman Amir-ul-Umra Maharaja Dhiraj Rajeshwar Sir Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan Maharajadhiraj Shri Amarinder Singhji Mahendra Bahadur (qv)
    • Maharajkumar Malwinder Singh, born 1944, married Maharajkumari Harpriya Kaur.
    • Maharajkumari Heminder Kaur, born 1st June 1939, married 21st August 1967, Kanwar Natwar Singh of Jhagina(see Bhagores of Jhagina) , born 16th May 1931 in Bharatpur, educated at St. Stephen's College, University of Delhi, Delhi (Arts), at Cambridge University (Corpus Christi), England and at Peking University, China; Member of the Indian Foreign Service (IFS) 1953/1984, serving in Beijing, China 1956/1958, and New York 1961/1966. In 1966, he was posted to the Prime Minister's Secretariat under Mrs Indira Gandhi and served in various capacities to 1984. He was elected to the eighth Lok Sabha from Bharatpur constituency in Rajasthan in 1984, served as Minister of State (Steel, Coal and Mines), and Minister of Agriculture 1985, Minister of State for External Affairs 1986/1989, re-elected to the twelfth Lok Sabha in 1998 from Bharatpur, elected to the Rajya Sabha from Rajasthan in 2002, appointed to the cabinet as Minister for External Affairs, being removed from the post on 7th November 2005 (though retaining a cabinet role as minister without portfolio), and eventually resigning from the cabinet on 6th December 2005, author of "E.M.Forster : A Tribute", NY 1964; "The Legacy of Nehru", NY 1965; "Tales from Modern India", NY 1966; "Stories from India", UK 1971; "Maharaja Suraj Mal (1707-63)", UK 1981; "Curtain Raisers", Delhi 1984; "Profiles & Letters", Delhi 1997; "The Magnificent Maharaja Bhupinder Singh of Patiala", Delhi 1997; "Heart to Heart", Delhi 2003; and has issue.
      • Kunwar Jagat Singh B.B.A, born 28th August 1968 in Delhi, M.L.A. from Rajasthan from the Congress Party; All India Youth Congress General Secretary; married 1stly, 25th October 1993, Natasha Masiri, born 1971, died 17th March 2002 in New Delhi, married 2ndly, 2008 at the Royal Palace in Chail, Somaya Sehgal, daughter of Suman Sehgal, and has issue, two sons (by first marriage).
      • Kumari Ritu Singh, born 1975, fashion designer, died unmarried 9th May 2002, cremated 10th May at the Lodhi Road Crematorium in New Delhi
    • Maharajkumari Roopinder Kaur, born 1940, married Major K. S. Dhillon of the Hodsons Horse, and has issue, one son and one daughter.
      • Kanwar Harshdip Singh, married Kanwarani Manvi Sinha
      • Rajkumari Namrata Kaur, married Shri Amit Chaudhri.
  • Capt. HH HH Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia Mansur-i-Zaman Amir-ul-Umra Maharaja Dhiraj Rajeshwar Sir Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan Maharajadhiraj Shri AMARINDER SINGHJI Mahendra Bahadur, born 11th March 1942 in Patiala, Commissioned in the Indian Army in June 1963 but resigned in early 1965; rejoined the Army immediately once hostilities broke out with Pakistan, resigning again afterwards; 2 times Chief Minister of Punjab from 26th February 2002 to 27th February 2007 and from 16 March 2017 to 20 September 2021; M.L.A. (three terms); Member, National Integration Council of India; Member of Parliament from the Lok Sabha (7.1.1980) - (10.6.1984); Minister, Agriculture (29.9.1985) - (1.4.1986); Member, Committee on Questions and References; Member, Committee on Petitions; Chairman, Parliamentary Board, SAD and Member, Working Committee of SAD; Leader of the Akali Legislature Party; interests and pastimes include Horse riding, Flying, Golf, Reading, Equestrian games and Polo; married 31st October 1964, HH Maharani Parneet Kaur, born 3rd October 1944, daughter of Sardar Gian Singh Kahlon and Sardarani Satinder Kaur; educated at St. Bedes College and Convent of Jesus and Mary College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh (B.A., Teachers Training Certificate). Elected to the 13th Lok Sabha 1999 and 14th Lok Sabha 2004, Member of the Committee on Food, Civil Supplies and Public Distribution 1999/2000. Has been a public servant for 30 years and was awarded the President of India’s Red Cross Medal. Member of the Animal Welfare Board of India 2000/01. Interests include...banking, finance and foreign affairs and golf. Member of the Golf Club, New Delhi; Golf Club, Chandigarh; and Golf Club, Patiala; and has issue, one son and one daughter.
    • Maharajkumari Jai Inder Kaur, married to Sardar Bahadur Gurpal Singh Sandhawalia Of Raja Sansi, a Delhi-based businessman, and has issue.
      • Kanwar Angad Singh Sandhawalia Of Raja Sansi, married, 2015, Rajkumari Aprajita Kumari, daughter of Raja Virbhadra Singh, Raja of Bashahr and Chief Minister of Punjab, and his second wife, Rani Pratibha Kumari.
      • Kanwar Nirvan Singh Sandhawalia Of Raja Sansi, engaged to marry, 2016, Rajukmari Mriganka Devi, daughter of Yuvraj Vikramaditya Singh of Jammu and Kashmir, and his wife, Yuvrani Chitrangada Maharaje Scindia.
    • Yuvraj Sri Raninder Singh Sahib-ji. b. at the New Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala, 2nd August 1967, educ. Yadavindra Public Sch, Patiala, the Doon Sch, Dehradun, St Stephen's Coll, Delhi Unov, and the Univ of Buckingham (BASc 1989). Gen-Sec Punjab Pradesh Congress Cttee (PPCC) since 2006. Trap shooter, competed at ISSF World Cups and National Championships. Presdt National Rifle Assoc of India (NRAI) since 2010. Chair Prince Raninder Singh Trust. Hon Mbr Forest Hill Golf and Country Club. Mbr Punjab Rifle Shooting Assoc (PRSA), etc. m. at the New Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala, 3rd January 1995, Yuvrani Sri Rishma Kaur Sahiba (b. 1972), educ. Mater Dei Convent, New Delhi, International Pioneer Summer Camp, Ulaan Bator, Mongolia, the Univ of Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany, and the Univ of Buckingham (BSc Hons 1994), Management Trainee with Deutsche Bank 1994, Mngr Export Dept of UK Paints (India) Ltd in New Delhi 1994-1997, Presdt Council for Allied Products and Export Promotion India Ltd (CAPEXIL) 1997-1999, Dir Rajdoot Paints (P) Ltd, Dir Berger Paints India Ltd 1997-2003, Consultant Malibu Estates Pvt Ltd since 2001, Alternative Dir and National Business Development Mngr since 2009, Dir Berger Paints Bangladesh Ltd since 2013, sister of Raminder Singh Takkar. He has issue, one son and two daughters:
      • Yuvrajkumar Sri Yaduinder Singh Sahib. b. April 2003, educ. Vasant Valley Sch, Vasant Kunj, Delhi.
      • Yuvrajkumari Bibiji Sehar Inder Kaur Sahiba. b. 1996.
      • Yuvrajkumari Bibiji Inayat Inder Kaur Sahiba. b. 1999.
References :-
  • Encyclopaedia of Sikhism, by Harbans Singh
  • "Who Was Who 1916–1928" ; Volume II, London 1930 ; Adam and Charles Black ; p.868
  • "The Times of India Directory and Year Book including Who's Who 1952/1953", Published by Bennett, Coleman & Co., Bombay. Compiled by The Times of India; 1952-1970.
  • The Rajas of Punjab, Sir L.H Griffin

Videos

Personalities

Maharaja Mahendra Singh of Patiala

Maharaja Mahendra Singh of Patiala, was born into Sidhu Jat family, he was the son of H.H Maharaja Sir Narender Singh of Patiala, was born in September 16, 1852, Succeeded , on January 29, 1863,…

Kunwar Sir Ranbir Singh Of Patiala K.C.S.I

Kunwar Sir Ranbir Singh Of Patiala K.C.S.I , was born in 1873 into a Sidhu Jat family. He was a son of Raja Mohinder Singh Of Patiala, and uncle of the H.H Maharaja Bhupinder Singh…

Captain Rao Raja Ram Narayan Singh Of Patiala

Captain Rao Raja Ram Narayan Singh Of Patiala, was born in 1898 into Sidhu Jat family , he was the son of H H.MaharajaRajendra Singh Of Patiala, he was done there education from Aitchison College,…

Chaudhury Mohan Singh of Mehraj

Chaudhury Mohan Singh of Mehraj, younger son of Chaudhury Pakhu [Pukko], Jagirdar Of Mehraj , Confirmed as “Chaudhury” in succession to his father, but fell into arrears and fled to his relatives in Hansi and…

Rajkumari Ria Rajeshwari Kumari Of Patiala

Rajkumari Ria Rajeshwari Kumari Of Patiala was born in 10 December 1991 is an Indian sports shooter and fashion designer. She’s comes from Patiala royal family. She is the daughter of sports administrator, Raja Randhir…

Yuvraj Sri Raninder Singh Sahib Of Patiala

Yuvraj Sri Raninder Singh Sahib Of Patiala was born at the New Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala in 2nd August 1967 , He was son of H.H Captain Maharaja Amarinder Singh Of Patiala, He was done…

Rajadhiraj Sri Malvinder Singh Of Patiala

Rajadhiraj Sri Malvinder Singh Of Patiala was son of H.H Maharaja Yadvendra Singh Of Patiala and Maharani Mohinder Kaur Sahiba, He was born in 20thJune 1944 at Moti Bagh Palace in Patiala State. He was…

Dr. Raja Mrigendra Singh Sahib Of Patiala

Dr.Raja Mrigendra Singh Sahib Of Patiala , was son of H.H Maharaja Bhupender Singh Of Patiala and Born at Rajgarh Villas, Chail, 21st July 1928. He was done education from Aitchison College, Lahore, and Bishop…

Maharajkumari Bibiji Kumudesh Kumari Sahiba Of Patiala

Maharajkumari Bibiji Kumudesh Kumari Sahiba Of Patiala[also know as Ruby] was born in 5th January 1931.She was Daughter Of H.H Maharaja Bhupender Singh Sahib Of Patiala , She was done education from Atchison College, Lahore,…

Colonel Raja Sri Birendra Singh Of Patiala

Colonel Raja Sri Birendra Singh Sahib [BirInder Singh] Of Patiala was born at Chail, 1898, he was done education at Aitchison College, Lahore, and Equitation School Sangrur, Punjab, and Indian States’ Forces Senior Officers’ School,…

Colonel Rajadhiraj Sri Mahesh Inder Singh Of Patiala

Colonel Rajadhiraj Sri Mahesh Inder Singh Of Patiala was at Mahendra Kothi, Patiala in 1913, He was son of General Raja Sir Ranbir Singh Sahib Of Patiala, KCSI. He was done education from Aitchison college,…

General Raja Sir Ranbir Singh Sahib Of Patiala

General Raja Sir Ranbir Singh Sahib Of Patiala, KCSI was born at Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala in 1877 .He was son of Maharaja Mahendra Singh Of Patiala and Younger brother of Maharajkumar Rajinder Singh ,later…

Maharajkumar Sri Dip Singh Sahib Of Patiala

Maharajkumar Sri Dip Singh Sahib Of Patiala was Born at Patiala in 1827 He was son of Maharaja Karam Singh Sahib Of Patiala and younger brother of Tikka Narendra Singh Of Patiala ( Later Maharaja…

Chaudhari Ram Singh Of Phul

Chaudhari Ram SinghOf Phul(1639-1714) was an ancestor of the ruling house of Patiala. The second son of Chaudhari Phul Singh Of Mehraj, he was married to Sahbi, daughter of Chaudhari Nanu SinghBhullar, who gave birth…

Raja Bhalendra Singh Of Patiala

Raja Bhalendra Singh (1919-1992). distinguished cricketer and India`s long-lasting sports executive was born on 19 August 1919, the son of Lieutenant General Maharaja Sir Bhupinder Singh, the glamorous princely ruler of the state of Patiala…

Maharaja Narinder Singh Of Patiala

Narinder Singh was born on November 26, 1824, and succeeded to his father on January 18, 1846.  He was, then, twenty three years of age. In the war between the Lahore Durbar and the British…

Maharaja Sahib Singh of Patiala

Maharaja Sahib Singh, who was born on August 18, 1773, was a young boy of a little more than Seven at the time of his accession to the throne in 1781. Through the influence of…

Maharaja Bhupinder Singh Of Patiala

Bhupinder Singh, who was born on October 12, 1891, succeeded his father in 1900. He was educated at Chiefs College, Lahore. The Council of Regency was constituted to look after the state affairs during the…

Raja Amar Singh of Patiala

RAJA AMAR SINGH,(1748-1782). of Patiala, was born on 6 June 1748, the son of Sardul Singh and Rani Hukman. In 1765, he succeeded his grandfather, Raja Ala Singh, who had no son living at the…

Maharaja Yadavindra Singh Of Patiala

Maharaja Sir Yadavindra Singh ( 7 January 1914 – 17 June 1974) was the 9th ruling Maharaja of Patiala from 1938 to 1971. He was also an Indian cricketer who played in one Test in…

Maharani Mohinder Kaur of Patiala

Mehtab Kaur (née Mohinder Kaur; 14 September 1922 – 24 July 2017), was the second wife of the ninth and the Maharaja Yadavindra Singh Of Patiala (1914–1974). She was the mother of Maharaja Captain Amarinder…

Captain Maharaja Amarinder Singh of Patiala

Amarinder Singh (born 11 March 1942), known publicly as "Captain Amarinder Singh" or "Captain Maharaja Amarinder Singh Of Patiala", is an Indian politician, military historian, author, former royal and former veteran who served as the…

Raja Ala Singh Of Patiala

RAJA ALA SINGH, (1691-1765), was a Great leader who became the first ruling Chief of Patiala, was born in 1691 at Phul, in present day Bathinda district of the Punjab into a Sidhu Jat Family,…

Chaudhary Tilok Singh

CHAUDHARY TILOK SINGH, before he receiving the Sikh initiatory rites, was an ancestor of the Phulkian families of Nabha and Jind, Badrukhan and Dialpura. He was the eldest son of Chaudhari Phul Singh Jagirdar Of…

Rani Fateh Kaur Of Patiala

Rani Fateh Kaur (d. 1773) popularly known as Mai Fatto, was the wife of Raja Ala Singh, founder of the Patiala Kingdom. She was the eldest daughter of Chaudhary Khana Sarao of Kaleke, in present…

Bibi Rajinder Kaur Patiala

Bibi Rajinder Kaur Patiala (1739-1791) or Rajindari, Patiala princess known for her valorous qualities, was the granddaughter of Raja Ala Singh. The only child of her father, Bhumla Singh, who had died when she was…

Bibi Sahib Kaur

SAHIB KAUR, BIBI (1771-1801), warrior and leader of men who played a prominent part in the history of the cis Sutlej states from 1793 to 1801, was the elder sister of Raja Sahib Singh of…

Chaudhari Phul Singh Of Mehraj

CHAUDHARI PHUL SINGH(1627-1689), ancestor of the Phulkian Dyansty, was born in 1629, the second son of Bhai Rup Chand and Mat Ambi. His father was killed fighting against the Bhatti Rajput converts to Islam, who…

Articles

Captain Amarinder Singh To Be NDA’s Pick As Vice President Candidate

The timeline of disappearance and re-appearance of the famous Patiala Necklace

Explained: The curious case of Patiala Necklace that reappeared at Met Gala

Youtuber Emma Chamberlain faces criticism for wearing ‘stolen’ Maharaja of Patiala’s diamond choker to Met Gala

THE PATIALA SHAHI TURBAN

Little is conclusively known of the origins of the turban. The earliest evidence of a turban-like garment is from Mesopotamia in a royal sculpture dating from 2350 b.c.e. Sculptures from Central India (100 b.c.e.) provide…

Polo a game of Royals in Patiala

When late his Highness Maharaj Rana Sahib of the erstwhile princely state of Dholpur visited princely state Patiala in 1889 he brought along with his ponies and players .There was no game of Polo in…

Religious ceremony at Qila Mubarak

Mohali’s Mullanpur stadium named after Maharaja Yadavindra Singh

Rear view: Indian history from the driver’s seat

Maharajas ‘helped British in WW-I’

Historian spots tomb of Ala Singh’s father

A stylish ancient Indian affair with natural diamonds

Sheesh Mahal in Patiala

Qila Bahadurgarh

When Manimajra & Patiala Fought Water Wars

SHOWCASE: The Maharaja of Patiala and Cartier

Tales from two Punjabs

10 Indian Royals Who Spent Fortunes On Some Of The Most Absurd Things Ever

How Hitler’s gift to Patiala Maharaja changed hands!

Maharaja Bhupinder Singh’s sporting legacy

Political circles in Punjab abuzz over Capt Amarinder Singh’s grand daughter’s wedding

Lord Willingdon, Maharaja Bhupinder & iconic Bombay club

Soon, 5-star hotel to run from Patiala fort

5 rare jewels owned by royal families in India and the kings & queens who wore them

Battles

Battle of Bhatinda, 1771

In 1771 Gainda Rai of village Bhikiwala complained to Maharaja Amar Singh Of Patiala that a woman of his family named Gori, known for her beauty and grace, had been carried away by Sukhchain Singh…

The battle of Miran, 1768

In 1768 Nazir Khan Rohilla came from Delhi to realize tribute from Patiaia. Amar Singh invited help from Majha Sikhs. A battle was fought at Miran near Barnala in which the Khan was slain. And…

Battle of Thikriwala 1731

The Battle of Thikriwala, also known as the Battle of Barnala, was fought in 1730 or 1731 by Sikh forces led by Sidhu Jat ruler Maharaja Ala Singh Of Patiala with Virk Jat ruler Nawab…

Ravage the Doab and Delhi, January, 1786

To the northward of Delhi, Sindhia’s difficulties arosechiefly from the Jat Sikhs who obstructed the collection of his revenues. A Marathi despatch states:In the imperial territory from Panipat to Delhi the Sikh Jats and Gujars…

Relations with the Marathas and Maharaja Ala Singh Of Patiala (1758- 1761 A.D)

Maharaja Ala Singh had very close contacts with the Marathas. No Sikh Chief has been so frequently mentioned in the Marathi records (especially of the Abdali period) as Maharaja Ala Singh Jat. The scrutiny of…

Extension Of Patiala Territories – 1748 to 1754 A.D

As soon as Ala Singh was free from the battle of ruler of Bhatinda, who had been active in exciting rebellion among his subjects during his imprisonment. The Saraoo Jats of villages Uba,human, the surrounding…

Battle Of Manupur – 1748

when Ala Singh escaped from the fort of Sunam, the The poltical horizon of the punjab was overcast with the clouds of Ahmad Shah’ Abdali’s? invasion. The conquest of Peshawar by Abdali and his intended…

Maharaja Ala Singh Of Patiala Battle Against Bhattis

The wild character and predatory habits of the Bhattis had strength and determination to wage a war against them. They used to carry on depredations over a very vast tract of territory. The records of…

error: Alert: Content is protected !!