Singhpuria

Information

Dynasty

Virk

State

Singhpuria

Hindi Name

सिहंपुरिया

Time Period

1690s to 1748 ( Zamindar Of Kaloke)
1748- 1810 ( Singhpuria Kingdom)
1810 – 1947 ( Jagir of Bharatgarh , Ghanauli, Manauli, Bunga, Attalgarh, Bela, Kandola)

Revenue

5,64,863

Genealogy

  • Nawab Shri KAPUR SINGHji, 1st Misldhar of Singhpuria misl 1748/1753, born 1697, a Virk Jat, from the village of Kaloke, situated near Shiekhupura, he took baptism of the double-edged sword from Bhai Mani Singh in 1721, at Amritsar; in his first campaign, he attacked Faizullapur, killed its chief, Faizulla Khan and occupied the place and its surrounding areas, after which he changed the name to Singhpur and the Misl which took its name from the village also began to be called Singhpuria Misl, as the then Sikh leader, in 1734, he was granted a jagir and the title of Nawab by Zakariya Khan, the Mughal governor of Lahore as a gesture of peace, which only lasted till the following year when Zakariya Khan occupied the jagir; Kapur Singh then stayed in Malwa, where he captured Sunam and then attacked Sirhind and Amritsar in 1736; when the Sikh Panth was organised into twelve misls on 29th March 1748, Nawab Kapur Singh was appointed the Commander of Singhpuria Misl, he then organised the Sikhs first into the Buddha Dal (army of the veterans), and the Taruna Dal (army of the young) and then into the great Dal Khalsa, he also handed over the Supreme Command of the Dal Khalsa to Sardar Jassa Singh Ahluwalia. He died sp on 7th October 1753 at Amritsar.
  • Nawab Shri KHUSHAL SINGHji, 2nd Misldhar of Singhpuria misl 1753/1795, he was the equal of his uncle and played a significant role in expanding the territories of the Singhpuria Misl on both the banks of the Sutlej river; in 1759, he defeated Shaikh Nizam-ud-Din, the ruler of Jalandhar and occupied the town, making it his capital, later after the fall of Sirhind in 1763, a considerable portion of present-day Rupnagar District also came under Singhpuria Misl; he fought in the battles against Ahmad Shah Abdali in collaboration with other Sardars; he was also deeply interested in preaching Sikhism and administering baptism of the double-edged sword to his followers; at his death, he left the misl stronger than ever, and with territorial possessions far larger than those he had inherited, married and had issue. He died 1795.
    • Kanwar Sudh Singh, married 1stly, Sada Kaur, married 2ndly, Sukh Devi, and had issue. He died vpspm in 1794.
    • Bibiji (name unknown) Kaur, married Sardar Lehna Singh of the Bhangi misl, and had issue.
    • Sardar Budh Singh (qv)
    • Bibiji (name unknown) Kaur, married Sardar Man Singh of Kotla.
  • Nawab Shri BUDH SINGHji, 3rd Misldhar of Singhpuria misl 1795/1810, he defeated Sheikh Nizam ud-din on the battle-field and occupied Jalandhar, but he was not the equal of his father and the misl began to decline and ultimately all its possessions to the west of the Sutlej were annexed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and only his possessions to the east of the Sutlej, remained to him, under the protection of the British, he was therefore forced to move to Manauli as his capital; married 1stly, by karewa rites, married 2ndly (by chaddardalna rites), Sada Kaur, married 3rdly (by chaddardalna rites), Sukh Devi, and had issue, seven sons who divided the Misl into 7 estates/jagirs. He died 1816.
    • Sardar Amar Singh, retained possession of Bhartgarh and divided the rest of the Misl among bis brothers.
    • Sardar Bhopal Singh of Ghanauli
    • Sardar Gopal Singh of Manauli
    • Sardar Lal Singh of Bunga
    • Sardar Gurdyal Singh of Attalgarh
    • Sardar Hardyal Singh of Bela
    • Sardar Dyal Singh of Kandhola

Personality

Khushal Singh of Singhpuria

Nawab Kapur Singh Of Singhpuria was succeeded by his nephew (brother’s son) Khushal Singh Of Singhpuria, 40 who equalled his uncle in wisdom and bravery and extended his conquests on both sides of the Satluj.…

Nawab Buddh Singh

Khushal Singh Of Singhpuria had two sons, named Budh Singh Singhpura and Sudh Singh, of whom the latter died in the life-time of his father. Budh Singh succeed to the Misal after his father’s death.…

Nawab Kapur Singh Of Singhpuria

Nawab Kapur Singh, the founder of this Misal, was the son of Chaudhari Dalip Singh Virk, Jat, of Faizullapur, situated near Amritsar. He was born in A.D. 1697 (Vikram Samvat 1754)  , two years before…

Articles

Gurdwara Shaheed Ganj Sahibzada Ajit Singh and Sahibzada Jujhar Singh in Chamkaur in Ambala District of Punjab in India. (Present day Roop Nagar District)

Gurdwara in this photograph was commissioned by Sardar Hardyal Singh Virk in 1831 CE. Hardyal Singh Virk (died 1853) was son of Sardar Budh Singh Virk of Singhapuria Misl, grandson of Nawab Khushal Singh (died…

Battles

Foundation of the Dal Khalsa

Nawab Kapur Singh Of Singhpuria realized the delicacy of the time. He believed that Ahmad Shah Durrani, though defeated would repeat his exploits. The reason was that he could not establish himself in power in…

Battle of Basarke (1736)

The Battle of Basarke, also known as Battle of Basarke and Hujra Shah was fought on 23 October 1736 between the Sikh forces led by Nawab Kapur Singh and the Mughal forces leaders was Lakhpat…

Battle of Thikriwala 1731

The Battle of Thikriwala, also known as the Battle of Barnala, was fought in 1730 or 1731 by Sikh forces led by Sidhu Jat ruler Maharaja Ala Singh Of Patiala with Virk Jat ruler Nawab…

Battle of Amritsar (1738)

The Battle of Amritsar was fought in 1738 by the Sikh forces led by Virk Jat ruler Nawab Kapur Singh Of Singhpuria and the Mughal forces led by Qazi Abdul Rehman. Background :- In 1737,…

Siege of Amritsar (1748)

The Siege of Amritsar was a siege that took place on March 1748.The Battle was fought between the Sikhs led by Nawab Kapur Singh against the Mughal Forces lead by Salabat Khan.The Sikhs successfully defeated…

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